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Blaming Aristotle

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how Aristotle influenced both our perceptions and misperceptions of the history of life on Earth and the presumption that humans are the highest of animals. Aristotle's views ... More


The World as a Harmony: Philolaus’ Metaphysics of Harmonic Structures and the Hierarchy of Living Beings

Laura Rosella Schluderer

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 56

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198851059
eISBN:
9780191885785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851059.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In line with the growing recognition of fifth century Pythagoreans as the main developers of a Pythagorean philosophy, the article offers a reconstruction of Philolaus’ metaphysical framework, ... More


The Stoic Argument from Oikeioōsis

Jacob Klein

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 50

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198778226
eISBN:
9780191830105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778226.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This paper reconstructs the argumentative role of oikeiōsis in Stoic ethical theory. It argues that Stoic appeals to oikeiōsis are intended to support two central ethical claims: (1) that virtue is ... More


Perfect Being Theism and the Great Chain of Being

Yujin Nagasawa

in Maximal God: A New Defence of Perfect Being Theism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198758686
eISBN:
9780191818608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758686.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores exactly what perfect being theism means when it says that God is the being than which no greater is metaphysically possible. It considers the greatness of God in the light of ... More


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