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 The Muslim Brothers and the Neo‐Kharijite Challenge

Jeffrey T. Kenney

in Muslim Rebels: Kharijites and the Politics of Extremism in Egypt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195131697
eISBN:
9780199785001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513169X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The evocation of Kharijism first occurred in connection with the activities and ideas of the Society of Muslim Brothers. On two separate occasions, in 1948 and 1954, the Muslim Brothers were accused ... More


JIHADISM IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE: Psychological Themes in Religiously Motivated Terrorism

Jones James W

in Blood That Cries Out From the Earth: The Psychology of Religious Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335972
eISBN:
9780199868957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335972.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“Jihadism in Comparative Perspective: Psychological Themes in Religiously Motivated Terrorism.” This chapter has two goals: first, to describe salient psychological-religious themes found in the ... More


Conclusion to Part I Making Tarim a Place of Return

Engseng Ho

in The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244535
eISBN:
9780520938694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244535.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses key findings of the first section of this volume about the relevance of sites of burial in Hadrami diaspora. It comments on a narrative of a one-way flow of value arriving with ... More


Sign Language Geography

Carol A. Padden

in Deaf around the World: The Impact of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732548
eISBN:
9780199866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732548.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

There are multiple difficulties in knowing how many sign languages exist and in determining which are genetically related. This chapter compares the situation in North America with that of the Middle ... More


Islamist Obstacles to Democracy

Azzam S. Tamimi

in Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat Within Islamism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140002
eISBN:
9780199834723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140001.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Within Islamic circles there are those, such as the affiliates of Hizb‐ut‐Tahrir and the followers of the school of thought headed by Ayman Dhawahiri (often written as Zawahiri), who constitute an ... More


From Sufism to Salafism, 1905–11

Michael Laffan

in The Makings of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145303
eISBN:
9781400839995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145303.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces the ongoing debates about Sufism in relation to changing notions of orthodoxy, focusing on the new Salafi movement of Muhammad ʻAbduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida. As a part of their ... More


Why Can’t We All Just Get Along With Each Other?

Nicholas Wolterstorff and Terence Cuneo

in Understanding Liberal Democracy: Essays in Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199558957
eISBN:
9780191744808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558957.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is often said or assumed that the presence of religion in our society necessarily harbors within itself the threat of coercion and violence. Religion, though it may talk and dream of peace, is a ... More


Muslim Debates on Jihad in British India: The Writings of Chiragh ‘Ali and Abu al-A‘la Mawdudi

Omar Khalidi

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The failure of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 led many Indian Muslim thinkers to reexamine the sources for Islamic jurisprudence. A group of intellectuals led by Sayyid Ahmad Khan of Aligarh presented ... More


The Secular and the Sacred

Mushirul Hasan

in A Moral Reckoning: Muslim Intellectuals in Nineteenth-Century Delhi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195691979
eISBN:
9780199081691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195691979.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

Sayyid Ahmad argued that the tension between Islamic faith and modern values was a historical accident rather than an inherent feature of Islam. The decline of the Mughal Empire encouraged Islamic ... More


Religions on the Edge: Perspectives on Faiths and the Faithful

Mushirul Hasan

in A Moral Reckoning: Muslim Intellectuals in Nineteenth-Century Delhi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195691979
eISBN:
9780199081691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195691979.003.0003
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter explores the response of Muslim intellectuals, preachers, and thinkers to Christian missionary activity during colonial role. The author shows how Sayyid Ahmad's pamphlets asked for an ... More


Interpreting Islam and Modernism Nazir Ahmad

Mushirul Hasan

in A Moral Reckoning: Muslim Intellectuals in Nineteenth-Century Delhi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195691979
eISBN:
9780199081691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195691979.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

Nazir Ahmad was not only a novelist but also a versatile scholar, a gracious teacher, and a social reformer. He and Sayyid Ahmad built a reputation as defenders of the same ideal: the harmony of ... More


Projections and Receptions of Religious Authority: Grand Ayatollahs and Pakistan’s Shiʿi “Periphery”

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

in In a Pure Muslim Land: Shi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649795
eISBN:
9781469649818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter investigates the arguments exchanged about a lay believer’s obligation to emulate a high-ranking scholar (marji‘) in his daily conduct (taqlid). The findings question the view of ... More


Keeping the Prophet's Family Alive: Profile of a Genealogical Discipline

Kazuo Morimoto

in Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies: Understanding the Past

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748644971
eISBN:
9781474400831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748644971.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on the discipline specialising in the genealogy of sayyids and sharīfs, developed by the Family of the Prophet Muhammad (Ahl al-Bayt) from the mid- to the latter half of the ... More


Concluding Remarks Names beyond Nations

Engseng Ho

in The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244535
eISBN:
9780520938694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244535.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on genealogy and mobility across the Indian Ocean related to the Hadrami diaspora. It explains that Hadrami sayyid names did not stay within small ... More


Allah Debated: Practice of the Ear

Bruce B. Lawrence

in Who Is Allah?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620039
eISBN:
9781469623276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620039.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter studies the role of violence in Islam. Allah is no more violent than Yahweh of the Hebrew Bible or less loving than the Triune God—the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—of the New Testament. ... More


The Saddest Story Ever Told: Translating Karbala Through Feminine Voices & Emotions into a Deccani ShiʿI Idiom

Karen G. Ruffle

in Gender, Sainthood, & Everyday Practice in South Asian Shiʿism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834756
eISBN:
9781469602981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877975_ruffle.8
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses Sayyid 'Abbas Sahib's move from Madras to the princely state of Hyderabad, the capital of the Sunni Asaf Jahi dynasty. 'Abbas Sahib was a renowned writer of marsiya poems ... More


Egyptology and Pharaonism in Egypt before Tutankhamun

Donald Malcolm Reid

in Contesting Antiquity in Egypt: Archaeologies, Museums, and the Struggle for Identities from World War I to Nasser

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9789774166891
eISBN:
9781617976759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166891.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter reviews developments in Egyptology in Egypt from Napoleon's short-lived conquest in 1798 through the beginning of decolonization in 1922. Mariette began developing the Egyptian ... More


The Modern Scene: Rashīd Riḍā and Beyond

Mohammad Hassan Khalil

in Islam and the Fate of Others: The Salvation Question

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199796663
eISBN:
9780199933082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796663.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Rashid Rida (d. 1935) was, in effect, the spokesperson for the modern Salafi movement. On the topic of salvation, Rida builds on the writings of his predecessors, and submits that God will deliver ... More


Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism

T. N. Madan

in Modern Myths, Locked Minds: Secularism and Fundamentalism in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065104
eISBN:
9780199080182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The person who did most to link Islam with the Enlightenment in India was Sayyid Ahmad Khan, who attempted to overcome the hiatus between faith and reason without abandoning the fundamentals of ... More


Khomeini’s Perplexed Pakistani Men: Importing and Debating the Iranian Revolution Since 1979

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

in In a Pure Muslim Land: Shi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649795
eISBN:
9781469649818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter argues that during the early months and years after the Iranian Revolution, Pakistani Shi‘i ‘ulama remained primarily occupied with domestic events. Even ardent supporters of Khomeini ... More


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