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Imagination feeds memory: Exploring evidence from a musical savant using zygonic theory

Adam Ockelford

in Musical Imaginations: Multidisciplinary perspectives on creativity, performance and perception

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568086
eISBN:
9780191731044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568086.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the relationship between musical imagination, creativity, and memory through the lens of zygonic theory. Epistemologically, the study is founded on the belief that the ... More


Savant Syndrome: A Compelling Case for Innate Talent

Darold A. Treffert

in The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199794003
eISBN:
9780199345212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794003.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Savant syndrome—islands of genius and ability in persons with certain limitations or disability—argues forcefully for the presence of “innate talent” in these gifted persons because, they, ... More


Cultural Revival and Invention

Glanmor Williams

in The Foundations of Modern Wales: Wales 1642-1780

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192852786
eISBN:
9780191670565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192852786.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the novel and dramatic developments in the field of Welsh culture. It shows the emergence of men and women blessed with a multitude of overlapping talents determined to enrich ... More


Conclusion: From Secular Theology to the Enlightenment

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter considers how the secular theologians of the seventeenth century gave way to a new generation of savants whose posture was often anti-theological, sometimes also ... More


René Blum, Man of Letters

Judith Chazin-Bennahum

in René Blum and the Ballets Russes: In Search of a Lost Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195399332
eISBN:
9780199897025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399332.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter follows Blum’s career first as a young man in the offices of Revue Blanche where he met great poets such as Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Valéry, artists such as Edouard Vuillard, Edgar ... More


I Was the Force of Them: Leading the Women’s Liberation Movement, 1968–1969

Sherie M. Randolph

in Florynce "Flo" Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469623917
eISBN:
9781469625119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623917.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at Flo Kennedy’s activities as a leader of the burgeoning women’s liberation movement. Her actions as a lawyer, fundraiser, and organizer in the Black Power movement enhanced her ... More


On absolute pitch, and the disaggregation of chords

Adam Ockelford

in Applied Musicology: Using Zygonic Theory to Inform Music Education, Therapy and Psychology Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199607631
eISBN:
9780191747687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607631.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Many young people who are blind or on the autism spectrum have highly developed pitch-processing abilities, among which is the capacity to ‘disaggregate’ chords—to identify their individual tonal ... More


Exploring learning, memory, and creativity in a musical savant

Adam Ockelford

in Applied Musicology: Using Zygonic Theory to Inform Music Education, Therapy and Psychology Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199607631
eISBN:
9780191747687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607631.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the capacity of a prodigious musical savant, Derek Paravicini, to learn and reproduce music by ear. It gives an account of an experiment involving a novel musical stimulus—the ... More


Idiots and savants

in Representing Autism: Culture, Narrative, Fascination

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310911
eISBN:
9781846314667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314667.005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter concentrates on idiots and savants. The term ‘idiot’ became more precisely defined as the nineteenth century progressed, moving away from the larger category of madness. Charles Dickens' ... More


The Newtonian Sources of Analytical Mechanics

J.B. Shank

in Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at the immediate influence of the Principia in germinating analytical mechanics. The first French review of the treatise in the Journal des savants in 1688 is analyzed, showing how ... More


Analytical Mechanics Goes Public: “La Querelle des infiniment petits”

J.B. Shank

in Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Varignon’s continued development of analytic mechanics after 1700 is explored, and since his apparent debt to Newton's Principia seems greatest here, its sources are revisited, concluding again that ... More


The Discovery of Ancient Egypt

Jason Thompson

in Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology: 1: From Antiquity to 1881

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774165993
eISBN:
9781617976520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165993.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

With the advent of the Napoleonic Expedition to Egypt in 1798, Egypt came fully into European awareness. Although the expedition was primarily military and colonial in intent, and although it ... More


Veridical mapping in the development of autistic musical savants

Laurent Mottron and Lucie Bouvet

in Musical Prodigies: Interpretations from Psychology, Education, Musicology, and Ethnomusicology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199685851
eISBN:
9780191806049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685851.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In addition to a documented facility for rule-based material, or an indifference—even aversion—for arbitrariness, the mechanism orienting young autistic people toward music and letters rather than ... More


Intellectuals of the World, Unite! Curie and the League of Nations

Eva Hemmungs Wirtén

in Making Marie Curie: Intellectual Property and Celebrity Culture in an Age of Information

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226235844
eISBN:
9780226235981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226235981.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers Curie’s international activities during the 1920s and pays special attention to her work as a member of the League of Nation’s Commission Internationale de Coopération ... More


The Participatory Enlightenment

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in The Enlightenment in Practice: Academic Prize Contests and Intellectual Culture in France, 1670-1794

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450600
eISBN:
9780801463907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450600.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the growth of the concours académique as the overall number of academic prize contests increased and the wide-ranging network of participating savants expanded. The total number ... More


Introduction

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the tensions and inversions at the New Science during the baroque period. This volume is divided into three sections. The ... More


Passions, Imagination, and the Persona of the New Savant

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the persona of the new savant during the baroque period. It relates the story of how Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia sought the advice of Rene Descartes whom she considered the ... More


Learning Disability

Maggie McGurgan and Holly Greer

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Intellectual disability is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as: ‘a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex infor–mation and to learn and apply new skills (impaired ... More


Prodigious musical talent in blind children with autism and learning difficulties: Identifying and educating potential musical savants

Adam Ockelford

in Musical Prodigies: Interpretations from Psychology, Education, Musicology, and Ethnomusicology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199685851
eISBN:
9780191806049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685851.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses how the “exceptional early cognitive environment” engendered by blindness, autism, and learning difficulties can affect early music development and sometimes lead to savantism. ... More


Autism

Joseph N. Straus

in Broken Beauty: Musical Modernism and the Representation of Disability

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190871208
eISBN:
9780190871239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871208.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

Autism and twelve-tone serial music are related, mutually reinforcing forms of cultural modernism. Both have been understood as excessively isolated or alone, with each entity self-contained and ... More


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