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Fire and biodiversity

David M.J.S Bowman and Brett P. Murphy

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Evolutionary and ecological principles related to conservation in landscapes subject to regular fires are presented in this chapter by David M. J. S. Bowman and Brett P. Murphy. The Earth has a long ... More


6 Landscape Aesthetics

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists have argued that landscapes elicit primeval aesthetic reactions according to their suitedness to the lives of our foraging forebears. This is plausible to some extent, ... More


Dynamics of Woody Species in the California Grassland

Claudia M. Tyler, Dennis C. Odion, and Ragan M. Callaway

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the dynamics between grasses and shrub vegetation, focusing on the factors that lead to transitions between grassland and shrublands and the stabilizing feedbacks and ... More


Grazing Ecology of California Grasslands

Randall D. Jackson and James W. Bartolome

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the effects of grazing in California's grasslands, oak savanna understory vegetation, and associated herbaceous riparian areas, providing a brief history of grazing in ... More


The Central Grassland: Where Buffalo Roam When They’re at Home

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

All animals eat plants, directly or indirectly. Bison eat them directly, feeding on grasses. Grasses evolved relatively recently (for plants) and came to dominate the treeless savannas that began to ... More


Pine Silviculture

D. Bruce Means

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The Coastal Plain contains the highest species density of amphibians and reptiles in the United States and Canada. Of the seventy-seven species of salamanders and frogs native to the Coastal Plain ... More


Alabama

Charlotte Adelman and Bernard L Schwartz

in Prairie Directory of North America: The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195366945
eISBN:
9780190267759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195366945.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a historical background of Alabama's prairies followed by a list of prairies by county. Each site is briefly described, followed by symbols showing site features, a brief ... More


Fire: Mimicking Nature

Emily W. B. Russell Southgate

in People and the Land through Time: Linking Ecology and History, Second Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300225808
eISBN:
9780300249590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225808.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter opens with a discussion naturally ignited fires and fire adaptations, which have evolved over millions of years. It then considers the role people have played over time in manipulating ... More


Extractive Foraging in an Extreme Environment: Tool and Proto-tool Use by Chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal

Jill D. Pruetz, Stephanie L. Bogart, and Stacy Lindshield

in Chimpanzees in Context: A Comparative Perspective on Chimpanzee Behavior, Cognition, Conservation, and Welfare

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226727844
eISBN:
9780226728032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226728032.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Fongoli chimpanzees appear to rely on tool use to successfully combat the pressures they face in the savanna-woodland mosaic of southeastern Senegal. This chapter provides information on these apes’ ... More


. Africa in Florida: Disney’s Animal Kingdom Lodge

Carol Magee

in Africa in the American Imagination: Popular Culture, Radicalized Identities, and African Visual Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031526
eISBN:
9781617031533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031526.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter, like the previous one, focuses on particular facilities at the Walt Disney World Resort where there exist certain implications for the perception of Africa in American popular culture. ... More


The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Donald M. Waller and Thomas P. Rooney (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Straddling temperate forests and grassland biomes and stretching along the coastline of two Great Lakes, Wisconsin contains tallgrass prairie and oak savanna, broadleaf and coniferous forests, ... More


The Butterflies of Serengeti: Impact of Environmental Disturbance on Biodiversity

Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Ally K. Nkwabi, and Kristine L. Metzger

in Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226195834
eISBN:
9780226196336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In savanna habitats the abundances of butterflies change with season, related to their food supply which is determined by rainfall. Consequently interannual abundances change markedly depending on ... More


Mammals of the Cerrado and Caatinga: Distribution Patterns of the Tropical Open Biomes of Central South America

Ana Paula Carmignotto, Mario de Vivo, and Alfredo Langguth (eds)

in Bones, Clones, and Biomes: The History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649191
eISBN:
9780226649214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649214.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Cerrado and Caatinga are neighboring open biomes of tropical South America, but their vegetation, soil, and climate characteristics render them distinctive formations. Despite these differences, ... More


The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction

Han Olff and J. Grant C. Hopcraft

in Serengeti III: Human Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226760339
eISBN:
9780226760353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter analyzes how current human population density and land use respond to environmental gradients, with an emphasis on rainfall and soil fertility, and compares this to the responses of ... More


From the Prairie-Forest Mosaic to the Forest: Dynamics of Southern Wisconsin Woodlands

David Rogers, Thomas P. Rooney, and Rich Henderson

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines changes in southern Wisconsin forests. It reports large declines in native plant diversity since the Curtis surveys, greater invasions of exotics, and more homogenization. ... More


The Elephant Dilemma: A Long-term Perspective on the Management of African Savannas

Lindsey Gillson

in Biodiversity Conservation and Environmental Change: Using palaeoecology to manage dynamic landscapes in the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198713036
eISBN:
9780191781421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713036.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Managing elephants is a complex and emotive subject, fraught with ethical dilemmas and ecological uncertainty. As savannas are spatially heterogeneous and temporally variable, static conservation ... More


The origins of closed and open ecosystems: Fossils and phylogenies

William J. Bond

in Open Ecosystems: ecology and evolution beyond the forest edge

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198812456
eISBN:
9780191850318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812456.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Explanations for vegetation change in the past, including the ‘deep past’ (many millions of years ago) are deeply rooted in the idea that climate determines major vegetation patterns. But other ... More


Conservation and Restoration of Grasslands

Brian J. Wilsey

in The Biology of Grasslands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198744511
eISBN:
9780191805738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744511.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Conservation programs alter herbivore stocking rates and find and protect the remaining areas that have not been plowed or converted to crops. Restoration is an ‘Acid Test’ for ecology. If we fully ... More


Prairie Directory of North America: The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Charlotte Adelman and Bernard Schwartz

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195366945
eISBN:
9780190267759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195366945.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a source for locating North American public prairies, grasslands, and savannas. This book catalogs the continent's most well-known prairie sites by country and state. With the ... More


Geoecological Controls on Elemental Fluxes in Communities of Higher Plants in Amazonian Floodplains

Martin Worbes and Wolfgang J. Junk

in The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195114317
eISBN:
9780197561140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195114317.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Navigators visiting the Amazon during the fifteenth century provided the earliest descriptions of aquatic systems in the region, but it was not until mid twentieth century that systematic studies ... More


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