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3-fold flips after Shokurov

Alessio Corti

in Flips for 3-folds and 4-folds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570615
eISBN:
9780191717703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570615.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter gives a concise, complete, and pedagogical proof of existence of 3-fold flips according to Shokurov. In particular, the foundation of the theory of b-divisors, algebras of rational ... More


Saturated Adjectives, Reified Properties

Idan Landau

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Evaluative adjectives (e.g. rude, clever) display a systematic alternation, which brings about a cluster of syntactic and semantic changes. The adjectival variants are related by the joint ... More


BASICS

Roman Kossak and James H. Schmerl

in The Structure of Models of Peano Arithmetic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568278
eISBN:
9780191718199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568278.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This introductory chapter covers a wide range of topics, from basic notational conventions and coding in arithmetic to important classical results. The well-known theorems, such as Gaifman's ... More


Gain Control and External and Internal Noise

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

One fundamental problem for the auditory and visual systems is that the range of external energy is far greater than the firing range of individual neurons. To minimize response saturation, both ... More


Adjectives: A Case Study

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

Some adjectives are said to be relative, that is, dependent for their interpretation upon the noun they modify, and others not. Likewise, some adjectives are said to be intersective, and others (e.g. ... More


METALS WITH STRONG DISORDER

V.F. Gantmakher

in Electrons and Disorder in Solids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter clarifies the limits where the standard metal physics fails for metals with high electron density. This is the Ioffe-Regel limit where the mean free path becomes comparable to the ... More


SATURATION OF ABSORPTION

S. D. Ganichev and W. Prettl

in Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528302
eISBN:
9780191713637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528302.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses terahertz radiation-induced saturation of absorption, including incoherent and coherent saturation effects. Saturation due to slow relaxation and Rabi oscillations in various ... More


Saturation characteristics and single-frequency operation of gas lasers

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter derives expressions for the gain required to achieve optical oscillation in a cavity with known losses. The effect of stimulated transitions on the inversion density is considered. Gain ... More


The World Tea Market

Alfred Maizels, Robert Bacon, and George Mavrotas

in COMMODITY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT BY PRODUCING COUNTRIES: A Case-Study of the Tropical Beverage Crops

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233381
eISBN:
9780191678981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233381.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The forms of tea consumption have undergone a number of gradual changes since the end of World War II as the demand for instant tea has grown. As such, the amount of tea needed to produce a given ... More


Coherent Interactions of Fields and Atoms

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Chapter 5 begins the systematic application of the density matrix to describe optical interactions. First, stationary two‐ and three‐level atoms interacting with a traveling wave are compared to show ... More


An Analysis of the Indicator Saturation Estimator as a Robust Regression Estimator *

Søren Johansen and Bent Nielsen

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter analyzes an algorithm suggested by Hendry (1999) for estimation in a regression with more regressors than observations, with the purpose of finding an estimator that is robust to ... More


Modern Anti-windup Synthesis: Control Augmentation for Actuator Saturation

Luca Zaccarian and Andrew R. Teel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147321
eISBN:
9781400839025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147321.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book provides a wide variety of state-space-based numerical algorithms for the synthesis of feedback algorithms for linear systems with input saturation. Specifically, it addresses and solves ... More


In the Eye of the Beholder: Color Vision and the Quantification of Color

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contrasts the tri-stimulus visual system of humans, based on three visual cones, with the tetra-stimulus visual system of birds, based on four visual cones. A key difference between the ... More


Optical gain and threshold characteristics of a self-organized quantum dot diode laser

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

in Quantum Dot Lasers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the peculiar properties of lasers based on self-organized quantum dot arrays. A correlation between density of states, saturated gain and transparency current is discussed ... More


Time

Theodore Sider

in Writing the Book of the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697908
eISBN:
9780191732096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697908.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of structure helps clarify what is at stake in the notoriously obscure debate over whether time passes. One issue ‐ that of presentism ‐ is ontological, and thus is a substantive one ... More


Semantic information and the correctness theory of truth

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter develops a correctness theory of truth (CTT) for semantic information to explain how well-formed and meaningful data may become truthful. After the introduction, Section 8.2 defends the ... More


The Science and Art of Interviewing

Kathleen Gerson and Sarah Damaske

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199324286
eISBN:
9780197533857
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199324286.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Methodology and Statistics

Qualitative interviewing is one of the most widely used methods in social research, but it is arguably the least well understood. To address that gap, this book offers a theoretically rigorous, ... More


Paul Tillich, Seelsorger in America

Andrew S. Finstuen

in Original Sin and Everyday Protestants: The Theology of Reinhold Niebuhr, Billy Graham, and Paul Tillich in an Age of Anxiety

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807833360
eISBN:
9781469604572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898536_finstuen.10
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter describes an exceptionally moving letter received by Paul Tillich from a World War II veteran who had recently read “You Are Accepted,” Tillich's most famous sermon. In his two-page ... More


Humor in Dark Times

Lisa Wedeen

in Authoritarian Apprehensions: Ideology, Judgment, and Mourning in Syria

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226650579
eISBN:
9780226650746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226650746.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter two demonstrates the reliability and incompleteness of ideological reproduction by detailing how dramatic comedies operated ideologically among Syria’s citizenry under al-Asad’s emerging ... More


Analysis and Synthesis of Feedback Systems: Quadratic Functions and LMIs

Luca Zaccarian and Andrew R. Teel

in Modern Anti-windup Synthesis: Control Augmentation for Actuator Saturation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147321
eISBN:
9781400839025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147321.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter describes the analysis and synthesis of feedback systems, with particular emphasis on quadratic functions and linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). It first considers the analysis of ... More


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