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The Making of a Sikh Sardar: Two Jassa Singhs and The Place of Sikhs in the Eighteenth-Century Military Labor Market

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Two martial traditions existed by the mid-eighteenth century within the Khalsa. Peasants had had a history of earning livelihoods as soldiers in the armies of local chiefs and Mughal officers. As ... More


Rereading Alha Singh: Rebel, Raja, and Sikh Sardar

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Majha and Malwa, two important regions in Panjab, had very different historical trajectories. The disciplining power of the Khalsa bands was more limited in Malwa. Alha Singh and other Malwa chiefs ... More


Crystallization of the Demand for ‘Punjabi Suba’: (1950–2)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0019
Subject:
History, Indian History

With no political safeguards in the Indian Constitution, Master Tara Singh was convinced that ‘Punjabi Suba’ was the only alternative left for the Sikhs. In March 1950, he asked the Akali legislators ... More


Geopolitics as Foreign Policy

Itty Abraham

in How India Became Territorial: Foreign Policy, Diaspora, Geopolitics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804791632
eISBN:
9780804792684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791632.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines geopolitics as a territorializing practice of foreign policy. It begins with an account of imperial geopolitics, with an eye to showing the continuities between colonial and ... More


The Civil Servants’ Truth 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0100
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines several cases where civil servants has surreptitiously disclosed information that they felt were in public interest. 'Whistleblowers' are different from crusaders. There is a ... More


Emergence of the Educated Élite

B. R. Nanda

in Gokhale: The Indian Moderates and the British Raj

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195647518
eISBN:
9780199081400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of British efforts to replace Hindu theology with western learning, and the diversion of the annual Dakshina festival into scholarships for students of schools ... More


Orissa and the making of the Nehruvian nation state, 1946–52

Biswamoy Pati

in South Asia from the margins: Echoes of Orissa, 1800-2000

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719086588
eISBN:
9781781704646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086588.003.0008
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter focuses on the way Orissa interacted with the emerging visions and agendas of the new ‘nation state’ after India's independence. It explores and historicises the manner in which the ... More


Travel Histories – From Kuala Lumpur to Istanbul and Beyond

in Mobility at Large: Globalization, Textuality and Innovative Travel Writing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846318214
eISBN:
9781846317736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317736.006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the concept of travel histories in which the travel writer explores a place's complex history of movement and cultural mobility and examines how the innovative travel writer ... More


From Shabab to Inquilab: Progressive Poetry from 1930s till 1950s

Rakhshanda Jalil

in Liking Progress, Loving Change: A Literary History of the ProgressiveWriters' Movement in Urdu

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198096733
eISBN:
9780199082841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096733.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter attempts to reconstruct the history of the PWM through the progressive poetry produced from the 1930s till the 1950s. It analyses the work of some of the major Urdu poets associated with ... More


New Dynasty, New Empire

Priya Atwal

in Royals and Rebels: The Rise and Fall of the Sikh Empire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197548318
eISBN:
9780197554593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197548318.003.0003
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter breaks with many common biographical narratives about Ranjit Singh’s pivotal role in the making of the Sikh Empire. Instead of focusing solely on the ‘great man’ himself, it looks more ... More


The New Context: (1947–50)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0016
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the new context after Independence, the most urgent problems before the governments of India and Punjab were rehabilitation, the language issue, and integration of the princely states. ... More


Making of the New Constitution: (1946–50)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0017
Subject:
History, Indian History

Of special interest to the Sikhs in the making of a new constitution were political safeguards, the issues of language, and linguistic states. In 1947 it was decided to have proportionate ... More


Emergence of the Demand for Territorial Reorganization of East Punjab: (1947–50)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0018
Subject:
History, Indian History

Master Tara Singh’s differences with the Congress Government in political matters began to emerge in 1948. In March 1948, the Akali legislators joined the Congress party in the legislature. Master ... More


Poets in Prisons

Mushirul Hasan

in Roads to Freedom: Prisoners in Colonial India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199458837
eISBN:
9780199087020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458837.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter focuses on political prisoners who resorted to poetry during their incarceration to express their sentiments against British authoritarianism and absolutism. From Mohamed Ali to Faiz ... More


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