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The Right to Life: Religious, Philosophical, and Legal Origins

Elizabeth Wicks

in The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199547395
eISBN:
9780191594373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547395.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Medical Law

This chapter investigates the human origins of the idea that human life has an inherent value. The concept has religious and philosophical roots and serves as the underlying principle for the modern ... More


Beginnings

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses abortion, infanticide, and the infliction of prenatal injury. It argues that early abortion is morally comparable to contraception and that late abortion can be justified in many cases ... More


The Cultural Premises

Paola Cavalieri

in The Animal Question: Why Non-Human Animals Deserve Human Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143805
eISBN:
9780199833122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143809.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Focuses on the recent cultural changes that have contributed most to the revival of the debate on the animal question. The first area I consider is the political discussion of the principle of human ... More


The “Sanctity of Life,” “Best Interests,” and “Autonomy”: An Overview

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter provides an overview of three important ethical and legal concepts which are central to the book: the “sanctity/inviolability of life”; “best interests”; and “autonomy”. It suggests that ... More


The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

John Keown

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The book explains the principle of the sanctity or inviolability of human life and its continuing relevance to English law governing aspects of medical practice at the beginning and end of life. It ... More


Competing Discourses on Value and Quality of Human Life

Smitha Nizar

in The Contradiction in Disability Law: Selective Abortions and Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199466658
eISBN:
9780199087174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466658.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The theological, ethical, and legal philosophies that value the inherent worth of human life and contradict selection and elimination of human beings have been studied in this chapter. The legal ... More


Legal Form and Moral Judgement: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

Alan Norrie

in The Structures of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199644315
eISBN:
9780191732249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644315.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

The ethical formalism at the core of criminal law concepts of responsibility plays an important role in permitting courts to make moral decisions without appearing to do so in cases of euthanasia. ... More


Death by Request

L.W. Sumner

in Assisted Death: A Study in Ethics and Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199607983
eISBN:
9780191729652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607983.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The focus in this chapter is on the ethics of assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia. The positive argument for the justifiability of these measures rests on the two foundational values of patient ... More


Sophie’s Choice

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The film Sophie’s Choice has been seen to represent in a vivid manner how a human being in extreme circumstances is faced with a true moral dilemma. This interpretation is questioned in the present ... More


Dignity and Sanctity

Scott Cutler Shershow

in Deconstructing Dignity: A Critique of the Right-to-Die Debate

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226088129
eISBN:
9780226088266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226088266.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the semantic structure of two abstractions, dignity and sanctity, both individually and in terms of their relation and potential opposition. In the contemporary debate about a ... More


Sir Ian Kennedy and the value of life: building on Glanville Williams’ shaky foundations?

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The chapter begins by noting Ian Kennedy’s status as a key figure in the development of medical law in the UK and beyond. It considers his approach to the evaluation of human life by examining ... More


Human Dignity and the Image of God

Janet Soskice

in Understanding Human Dignity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265642
eISBN:
9780191760389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265642.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In press reports, Christian (and especially Roman Catholic) positions on issues of life and death are frequently presented as merely a matter of Catholics obeying orders from Rome. In fact these ... More


The Value of Life and the Dignity of Persons

William J. FitzPatrick

in Human Dignity and Assisted Death

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190675967
eISBN:
9780190675998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675967.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethical discourse about end-of-life issues tends to be framed in terms of both the value or “sanctity” of human life and the importance of human dignity. This chapter argues that the notion of human ... More


A Christian Theological Account of Human Worth

David P. Gushee

in Understanding Human Dignity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265642
eISBN:
9780191760389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265642.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter argues that biblical revelation served as the most important source, at least in European civilization, for the still critically important moral claim that each human life carries ... More


Consent to Harm

Victor Tadros

in Wrongs and Crimes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199571376
eISBN:
9780191837999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571376.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter is concerned with whether consent can be invalid because of what is consented to—in particular whether consent to harm is valid. It is thus concerned with issues such as consensual ... More


Sex and Cultural Salvation: CWA and Nationalist Rhetoric

Leslie Dorrough Smith

in Righteous Rhetoric: Sex, Speech, and the Politics of Concerned Women for America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199337507
eISBN:
9780199366415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337507.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter addresses how CWA’s work is, at heart, a nationalist endeavor. It considers the Six Core Issues, the name given by CWA to identify the issues that organize its advocacy. These include ... More


The Unique Value of Adoption

Tina Rulli

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most people would agree that adoption is a good thing for children in need of a family. Yet adoption is often considered a second-best or even last resort for parents in making their families. ... More


Three Bold Conjectures

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190225575
eISBN:
9780190225605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225575.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Three ethical theories, to be tested in relation to killing, are characterized: deontology, a libertarian moral rights theory, and utilitarianism. The idea is to find the best versions of each one in ... More


A Weak Commandment

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The force of the sixth commandment is undermined by its own historical contradictions and exceptions. In contemporary life, absolute commitment to the sanctity of life may lead to the merciless ... More


Drawing Distinctions: Defining, Reclaiming, and Analysing Moral Concepts

John McMillan

in The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Meta-Bioethics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199603756
eISBN:
9780191862885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199603756.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing distinctions is the second important class of methods in moral argument. Our choice of concepts and how they defined can often be ‘programmatic’, meaning that the concept itself implies ... More


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