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Essentialism, Semantic Theory, and Natural Kinds

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Following Nathan Salmon and D. H. Mellor, this chapter argues that natural kind essentialism of the type advocated by Kripke and Putnam is not an inevitable consequence of the adoption of an ... More


Origin Properties and Individual Essences

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Graeme Forbes has argued that many ordinary persisting things (including people, animals, and plants) can be attributed non-trivial individual essences that include distinctive features of their ... More


The Innovation System of Norwegian Aquacultured Salmonids

Heidi Wiig Aslesen

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

This chapter focuses especially on the innovation system of aquaculture of salmon and trout in Norway. It describes the sector in a national and global context, and highlights innovation strategies ... More


Fish in high-latitude Arctic lakes

Michael Power, James D. Reist, and J. Brian Dempson

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

There is a limited freshwater fish fauna in the high Arctic, with Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) dominating in most aquatic systems. In the high Arctic, Arctic char are the only resident freshwater ... More


Dynamics of marine ecosystems: target species

Dian J. Gifford, Roger P. Harris, Stewart M. McKinnell, William T. Peterson, and Michael A. St. John

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Because of GLOBEC's focus on population dynamics, species‐level research is central to the programme, and most field, retrospective and modeling studies were directed at target species defined on the ... More


The Responses of Fish Populations to Ocean Climate Fluctuations

Geir Ottersen, Jürgen Alheit, Ken Drinkwater, Kevin Friedland, Eberhard Hagen, and Nils Chr. Stenseth

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding how climate variability affects fish and fisheries and how the effects differ between species is of paramount importance when trying to predict the potential impacts of ... More


Analogy and Symmetry

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter has two purposes. First, it explores the connection between analogical reasoning and symmetry to provide a second justification for the argument form, independent of the one offered in ... More


Union Finance and Diplomacy, 1861–1865

Jay Sexton

in Debtor Diplomacy: Finance and American Foreign Relations in the Civil War Era 1837-1873

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199281039
eISBN:
9780191712753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281039.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter presents the twofold international objectives of the Union: to obtain financial and material support abroad while blocking European powers from recognizing and assisting the Confederacy. ... More


Roads Not Taken

R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye

in Seven Puzzles of Thought and How to Solve Them: And How to Solve Them: An Originalist Theory of Concepts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695317
eISBN:
9780191738531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter reviews some theories we do not adopt: two versions of Fregeanism, and two versions of Millianism.


Causal Relevance and Manipulation

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents a view of causal relevance that accommodates the mechanistic fragility and historical contingency of neuroscientific generalizations but that nonetheless satisfies constraints ... More


Cross-Dressing in the Birth Room: Gender Trouble and Cultural Boundaries

David. Cressy

in Travesties and Transgressions in Tudor and Stuart England: Tales of Discord and Dissension

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198207818
eISBN:
9780191677809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207818.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter starts with the extraordinary case from 1633 of a young male servant discovered in female disguise in a gender-segregated environment, the birth room. The midwife, her daughter, and the ... More


Karaite Commentaries on the Song of Songs from Tenth-Century Jerusalem

Frank Daniel

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

For both Jews and Christians, the Song of Songs posed a special problem. If its Solomonic authorship assured its scriptural standing, its frank eroticism demanded allegorization. In its depiction of ... More


The Migration of Salmon from Nature to Biotechnology

Dennis Doyle and Takahashi Kelso

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses transgenic salmon, and then explores the marketing of the patented AquAdvantage salmon and the current resistance from within the salmon aquaculture industry. It also considers ... More


Fisheries

Ted. L. McDorman

in Salt Water Neighbors: International Ocean Law Relations Between the United States and Canada

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195383607
eISBN:
9780199855315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383607.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter looks at international fisheries disputes between the United States and Canada. It first looks at Pacific salmon, which has had the highest profile of the recent Canada–U.S. fisheries ... More


Indefinite Identities

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the indefinite identity problem posed by the ship of Theseus puzzle. It provides an alternative solution to the puzzle that will prove that the ORIGINAL is identical with the ... More


Statistical Explanation

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter starts by presenting Hempel's account of statistical explanation. Hempel proposed to deal with the problem of epistemic ambiguity in statistical explanation by a requirement of maximal ... More


Vagueness

Katherine Hawley

in How Things Persist

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199275434
eISBN:
9780191699818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275434.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Being familiar with an object or a place can be given empirical investigation on the vague changes that are occurring, especially in the case of not entirely knowing how a restaurant transformed. ... More


Non-Conditional Disputations

Terence Parsons

in Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250449
eISBN:
9780191681301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250449.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses a number of attempts to prove that there can be no such thing as indeterminate identity. The arguments discussed here are limited to ones that do not turn on the logic or ... More


Informativeness

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter posits that if a metaphysical explanation is to be informative, the sentence which provides it must differ in informativeness from the sentence which gave the original description of the ... More


Alternative Models of Scientific Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon and Merrilee H. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Coauthored with Merrilee Salmon, addresses archaeologists and other anthropologists interested in the nature of scientific explanation. A group called the new archaeologists, concerned to assure the ... More


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