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Seagrasses and their environment

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses how seagrasses adapt to their environment. Topics covered include growth and structure, photosynthesis and respiration, salinity, nutrients, reproduction, propagule dispersal, ... More


The Abiotic Environment

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Coral reefs are largely restricted to shallow tropical seas, where water is warm, nutrient poor, well illuminated for photosynthesis, and where sufficient calcium carbonate (aragonite) exists in ... More


The estuarine environment

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the physical and chemical features which mould the estuarine environment. An estuary is a partially enclosed body of water formed where freshwater from rivers and streams flows ... More


Osmoconformers Osmoconformers

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In the marine environment, the vast majority of organisms are osmoconformers, meaning that all of their bodily fluids are in osmotic equilibrium with the surrounding seawater. If the salinity of the ... More


Tidal Marshes in the Context of Climate Change

V. Thomas Parker, John C. Callaway, Lisa M. Schile, Michael C. Vasey, and Ellen R. Herbert

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In the Mediterranean climate of the San Francisco Bay and Delta, climate change will impact tidal wetlands in several ways, especially through increased CO2 and salt concentrations, along with higher ... More


Abiotic Constraints for Wetland Plants and Animals

Irving A. Mendelssohn and Darold P. Batzer

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wetland habitats can be stressful places for plants and animals to live, although most wetland organisms are well adapted to cope with the environmental challenges posed. The two most important ... More


The Legacies of Delta History

Jay R. Lund, Ellen Hanak, William E. Fleenor, William A. Bennett, Richard E. Howitt, Jeffrey F. Mount, and Peter B. Moyle

in Comparing Futures for the Sacramento - San Joaquin Delta

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261976
eISBN:
9780520945371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261976.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The European settlement in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta resulted in the transformation of forested areas and vegetation into agricultural sites and urban communities. Vast areas of tidal wetlands ... More


Hydrodynamics and the Salinity of Delta Waters

Jay R. Lund, Ellen Hanak, William E. Fleenor, William A. Bennett, Richard E. Howitt, Jeffrey F. Mount, and Peter B. Moyle

in Comparing Futures for the Sacramento - San Joaquin Delta

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261976
eISBN:
9780520945371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261976.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the effects of physical changes in the Delta and different water management alternatives on Delta salinity. It uses hydrodynamic modeling tools to explore the effects of ... More


Sodium and Potassium Secretion by Iguana Salt Glands: Acclimation or Adaptation?

Lisa C Hazard

in Iguanas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238541
eISBN:
9780520930117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238541.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter is concerned with electrolyte regulation in herbivorous reptiles, especially those living in marine and intertidal habitats. It discusses the distribution of salt glands among the lizard ... More


The Biogeography of Marine Incursions in South America

Devin D. Bloom and Nathan R. Lovejoy

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the biogeography of marine incursions in South America. It summarizes evidence for marine incursions into the continental interior during the Miocene period and considers the ... More


Disturbance

DEANNA J. STOUDER and MICHELLE L. McMULLIN

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Disturbance influences all elements of ecological organization. Given limited information on the role of natural disturbance in California marine systems, this chapter describes examples on the ... More


General Principles of Fish Physiology: Living in Water

F. Brian Eddy and Richard D. Handy

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199540945
eISBN:
9780191774584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540945.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Habitats show great variability in their physical and chemical properties, but even so they support a wide variety of animal species. Fluctuations in environmental temperature, salinity, and oxygen ... More


Extreme Environments

F. Brian Eddy and Richard D. Handy

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199540945
eISBN:
9780191774584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540945.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses challenging habitats, examples of the populations of fish present, and the physiological adaptations shown by the fish. The topics selected are life in hypoxic environments, ... More


Suisun Marsh Today: Agents of Change

Stuart W. Siegel

in Suisun Marsh: Ecological History and Possible Futures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520276086
eISBN:
9780520957329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276086.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Decisions about the future of Suisun Marsh must be well informed if they are to have positive and predictable outcomes. Delineating agents of change in the marsh is a fundamental step in the ... More


The Abiotic Environment

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the structure, function, and abiotic requirements of giant kelp, providing a general guide to interpreting variation in Macrocystis populations in nature. In growth rates, ... More


Demography, Dispersal, and Connectivity of Populations

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the abiotic environment of giant kelp. Macrocystis requires a hard substratum for settlement and attachment, water temperatures between about 4°C and 20°C, sea-bottom light ... More


Diverse Perspectives on Tidal Marshes: An Introduction

Joy B. Zedler

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Despite their limited global area, tidal marshes support exceptionally high biodiversity, because their aquatic matrix is continually on the move. River flooding and tides change inundation and ... More


Geomorphology, Hydrology, and Tidal Influences

Elizabeth Burke Watson

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the physical factors that shape tidal-marsh landscapes in the San Francisco estuary and discusses functional classes of landscape elements. Physical processes covered include ... More


Tidal Vegetation: Spatial and temporal Dynamics

V. Thomas Parker, John C. Callaway, Lisa M. Schile, Michael C. Vasey, and Ellen R. Herbert

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

San Francisco Bay and Delta tidal wetlands represent the most intact Mediterranean-climate wetlands in North America, yet only 10 percent survived the twentieth century. Wetland plant communities ... More


Self-Regulation of Ocean Composition by the Biosphere

Lee R. Kump

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explores the host of mechanisms involving biological and physical processes in the context of the evolution of ocean chemistry on geologic time scales. Large fluctuations in the salinity ... More


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