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Unpacking the Self-Control Dilemma and Its Modes of Resolution

Arie W. Kruglanski and Catalina Kőpetz

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

The problem of self-control has been an old preoccupation since the time of Greek philosophers. In modern psychology, self-control and related concepts, such as conscientiousness, ego resilience, ... More


Centre–Periphery Party Competition

Sonia Alonso

in Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691579
eISBN:
9780191741234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691579.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 2 presents a series of hypotheses about how centre–periphery party competition occurs based on a combination of the spatial and saliency models of party behaviour. One of the two main theses ... More


Devolution: Making Electoral Moves Credible

Sonia Alonso

in Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691579
eISBN:
9780191741234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691579.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter looks into the electoral moves of the main left-wing and right-wing state parties in Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the UK during the period of emergence and growth of peripheral party ... More


Desperately Seeking Stakeholder Alignment: A Case Vignette

David A. Shore and Eric D. Kupferberg

in High Stakes: The Critical Role of Stakeholders in Health Care

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195326253
eISBN:
9780199897285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326253.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents a case vignette involving a hospital negotiator that touches on aspects of identifying and curbing waste. It shows that a successful negotiator is very aware of the other ... More


The V1 hypothesis—creating a bottom-up saliency map for preattentive selection and segmentation

Li Zhaoping

in Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter gives a full account of the theoretical development and experimental investigations of the hypothesis that the primary visual cortex (V1) creates a bottom-up saliency map to guide visual ... More


Attention

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

Cognition does not work without attention. Attention enables us to focus on particular tasks and particular aspects in the environment. Psychological insights show that attention exhibits bottom-up ... More


Saliency: Can You See Me Now?

Anindya Ghose

in Tap: Unlocking the Mobile Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036276
eISBN:
9780262340427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036276.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter examines one of nine critical forces behind purchase decisions that make mobile advertising so powerful: saliency. Today's consumers may find advertising annoying, but they fear missing ... More


Sensory-Motor Routines

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The traditional thinking was that the brain somehow ‘sees’ the image, but increasing evidence suggests that most of vision is the result of driven tests that are ordered up to serve a cognitive ... More


Party-Specific Vote Functions

Aiko Wagner

in Voters on the Move or on the Run?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199662630
eISBN:
9780191756191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662630.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Although it is said that the way in which voters make up their mind is getting more complex, the characteristics of the parties only rarely come into view when studying voting behavior. The main ... More


Attention and orienting

Ben Mitchinson

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter describes the close relationship between the mental faculty of attention and the physical faculty of orienting, and the importance of this relationship to the construction of artificial ... More


A Theoretical Framework of the Partisan Politics of Law and Order

Georg Wenzelburger

in The Partisan Politics of Law and Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190920487
eISBN:
9780190920517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190920487.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 2 develops a theoretical framework for the analysis of law and order policies from a partisan politics perspective. It argues that understanding law and order policy making involves two main ... More


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