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Decoding the Mechanisms of Gait Generation and Gait Transition in the Salamander Using Robots and Mathematical Models

Jeremie Knuesel, Jean-Marie Cabelguen, and Auke Ijspeert

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The spinal mechanisms of gait generation and gait transition in vertebrates are still not properly understood. This chapter explores these mechanisms in the salamander, an amphibian capable of ... More


Sexual size dimorphism in amphibians: an overview

Alexander Kupfer

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reviews patterns of sexual dimorphism in amphibians and discusses their proximal causes and possible adaptive significance. Amphibians are diverse organisms that live in aquatic or ... More


Shifting roles of abiotic and biotic regulation of a multi-host parasite following disturbance

Mary F. Poteet

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Disturbance can influence patterns of distribution and abundance in free-living species and, in turn, the dynamics of their parasites. Yet the effects of disturbance on host-parasite dynamics can be ... More


Size Matters: Toward Understanding the Natural History of Genomes

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genome size varies widely among different organisms, and is not very closely correlated with complexity of the organism. In species with large genomes, most of the DNA does not code for genes. This ... More


Salamanders

L. Lee Grismer

in Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, Including Its Pacific Islands and the Islands in the Sea of Cortes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520224179
eISBN:
9780520925205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224179.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The Plethodontidae are the world's largest group of salamanders, consisting of approximately 27 genera and 320 species. The salamander fauna of Baja California contains three genera: Aneides, ... More


Control of Gaze in Salamanders

Gerhard Manteuffel

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Studies of amphibian gaze control stems back to the 1930s and 1940s, when Birukow and Sperry investigated the optokinetic reflex in anurans and newts. In these initial researches, they discovered ... More


Seerman: the rise of the psychic detective

Neil Cornwell

in Odoevsky's Four Pathways into Modern Fiction: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719082092
eISBN:
9781781702062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719082092.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter notes early detective fiction in works by Schiller, Hoffmann and Poe, prior to an examination of the figure of the uncle in Odoevsky's The Salamander—this personage here being proposed ... More


Amphibian Population Cycles and Long-Term Data Sets

Howard H Whiteman and Scott A Wissinger

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Although most researchers agree that many amphibian populations are declining, there is debate about how to distinguish human-induced declines from natural population fluctuations. As with many ... More


Conservation of Texas Spring and Cave Salamanders (Eurycea)

Paul T. Chippindale and Andrew H. Price

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Many species of endemic aquatic organisms inhabit the springs and water-filled caves of the Edwards Plateau region of central Texas. Throughout the southern and eastern portions of the Edwards ... More


Lessons from the Tropics

Karen R. Lips and Maureen A. Donnelly

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibian declines differ in the tropics and in temperate areas. While temperate declines generally occur more slowly, affect mostly pond-breeding species, and include salamanders as well as anurans, ... More


Taxonomy and Amphibian Declines

Sherman A. Minton

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Any attempt to describe the extent and significance of biodiversity requires a clear and workable system of classification. This is especially true of conservation efforts with a goal of the ... More


Creating Habitat Reserves for Migratory Salamanders

Suzanne C. Fowle and Scott M. Melvin

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0036
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Habitat fragmentation results in the reduction and isolation of amphibian populations and the subsequent increased risk of local extinction. While local extinctions are often part of amphibian ... More


Reflections Upon Amphibian Conservation

Thomas K. Pauley

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0040
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The author began his fieldwork with amphibians in West Virginia in 1963 at the age of twenty-three, and he has spent most of his time (when not teaching) walking the mountains of West Virginia ... More


Monitoring Salamander Populations in Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Erin J. Hyde and Theodore R. Simons

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0044
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Recent evidence of worldwide amphibian population declines has highlighted the need for a better understanding of both species-specific habitat associations and methodologies for monitoring long-term ... More


Synopsis of the Herpetofauna from Porcupine Cave

Christopher J. Bell, Jason J. Head, and Jim I. Mead

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the fossil herpetofauna of Porcupine Cave. It documents the presence and taxonomic diversity of amphibians (salamanders and anurans) and reptiles (lizards and snakes) that are ... More


Declines of Eastern North American Woodland Salamanders (Plethodon)

Richard Highton

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Recent declines and extinctions of amphibian populations have been reported in many areas of the world. A majority of the documented declines are in easily detectable anuran species, including ... More


Vernal Pools: Believing in Wetlands That Aren’t Always There

Catherine Owen Koning, Sharon M. Ashworth, and Catherine Owen Koning

in Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter opens with a surprising discovery of a temporary toad habitat, illustrating scientists’ never ceasing wonder of the natural world and the creatures found there. The temporary nature of ... More


Familiar Spirits, Part Two: The 1980s and Early 1990s

J. B. Haws

in The Mormon Image in the American Mind: Fifty Years of Public Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199897643
eISBN:
9780199369676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897643.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Old suspicions about Mormons’ despotic dreams were given new life in the 1980s. It was concern over the church’s “ambition” to “wield . . . absolute authority” more than doctrinal disputes with ... More


“Gloomy Finland” and Russian Gothic Tales of Assimilation

Valeria Sobol

in Haunted Empire: Gothic and the Russian Imperial Uncanny

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501750571
eISBN:
9781501750595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750571.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter draws on a variety of sources, from ethnographic publications in contemporary journals to Romantic novellas and historical novels that construct the image of the “wild” but docile Gothic ... More


The European Herpetofauna: Paleocene Through Pliocene

J. Alan Holman

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

In both Europe and North America, modern herpetological families and genera became established quite early in the Cenozoic, and modern species occurred as early as the Miocene. Because of ... More


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