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Using a Mandatory Subordinated Debt Issuance Requirement to Set Regulatory Capital Requirements for Bank Credit Risks

Paul Kupiec

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Important shortcomings limit the appeal of the direct use of bank internal models to set regulatory capital requirements for bank credit risks. Common approaches for calculating credit value for ... More


Supply and Demand: Labor Market Consequences of Safety Net Expansions

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter introduces one of the book's major conclusions by presenting a supply and demand model of the labor market that includes total factor productivity, population growth, wealth effects, ... More


The Expanding Social Safety Net

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Inflation-adjusted spending on means-tested subsidies has increased sharply since 2007, and most of the growth was due to changes in eligibility rules, and increases in subsidies per eligible person, ... More


1976 Part 2—Resolving the Crisis

Douglas Wass

in Decline to Fall: The Making of British Macro-economic Policy and the 1976 IMF Crisis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534746
eISBN:
9780191715884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534746.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter gives a blow-by-blow account of the negotiations between the Treasury and the IMF team about the economic adjustments required. It also deals extensively with the question of a ‘safety ... More


Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State

Scott W. Allard

in Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120356
eISBN:
9780300152838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120356.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses how place matters to the “new” American welfare state, where community-based services become a primary method for helping the working poor. It explains the geography of the ... More


Income Transfers and Poverty Redressal

Deepak Lal and H. Myint

in The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294320
eISBN:
9780191596582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294328.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the empirical lessons of economic policy for various redistributive programmes for poverty alleviation arising from the sample of developing countries examined in the book. It ... More


Cross-Sectional Patterns of Employment and Hours Changes

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter shows that employment and hours changes 2007–10 were not uniform across demographic groups, but rather fell in amounts related to changes in log self-reliance rates. Self-reliance rate ... More


Conclusion: Themes and Prospects

E. Philip Davis

in Debt, Financial Fragility, and Systemic Risk

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198233312
eISBN:
9780191596124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198233310.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

We seek in the conclusion to draw together the analysis of the book under four main headings, issues of finance (including equity finance, agency costs, and monetary policy issues), regulatory issues ... More


The Politics of a Fragmented Welfare State

Scott W. Allard

in Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120356
eISBN:
9780300152838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120356.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter identifies the fragmentation or fractures in the institutional structure of local safety nets that will be prevalent across different communities which limits decision-making processes ... More


 A Decade of Reforms: The Indian Economy in the 1990s

J. Mohan Rao and Amitava Krishna Dutt

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines changes in the Indian economy in the 1990s and evaluates the diverse views about India's globalizing reforms. Section 2 examines the content of the reforms undertaken, clarifies ... More


Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Giovanni Andrea Cornia (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Based on an extensive review of relevant literature and an econometric analysis of inequality indexes, this book provides the first systematic analysis of the changes in within‐country income ... More


Economic Insecurity and Social Policy

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of economic insecurity. Economic insecurity can be defined as “the risk of economic loss faced by workers and households as they encounter the ... More


The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Sanjay G. Reddy

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most poverty and income inequality has deep‐rooted causes that can be removed only by structural (and often slow) interventions, although it is now increasingly evident that structural adjustment, ... More


Repairing Holes in the Safety Net

Scott W. Allard

in Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120356
eISBN:
9780300152838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120356.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the numerous solutions that communities, policymakers, and advocates could take to improve local safety nets and mitigate mismatches in access to assistance. It suggests that ... More


The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Casey B. Mulligan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Beginning in 2007, major subsidies and regulations intended to help the poor and unemployed were changed in more than a dozen ways. Many of these changes were reasonable reactions to economic events, ... More


Spatial Inequality in the Safety Net

Scott W. Allard

in Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120356
eISBN:
9780300152838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120356.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter explores the spatial inequality that occurs in the safety net assistance programs of the American welfare state. It argues that the safety net does not provide equitable access to social ... More


Saving and Investing: Do Men and Women Do It Differently?

Mariko Lin Chang

in Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines the extent to which the women's wealth gap is exacerbated or mitigated by the ways that men and women save and invest their money. When it comes to saving and investing, women ... More


Selecting Priorities for Poverty Reduction and Human Development in Ethiopia

Arne Bigsten

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on setting priorities for poverty reduction in the context of Ethiopia and its very limited resources. It begins by discussing the macroeconomic situation and the pattern of ... More


Institutional Burden to Care

Carolyn Sufrin

in Jailcare: Finding the Safety Net for Women behind Bars

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520288669
eISBN:
9780520963559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288669.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes the institutional and historical contours of the tension between the obligation to care and prisoners' deservingness of care. These contours determine the existence of the San ... More


Creating a Responsive, Accountable, Market-Driven Financial System

Thomas M. Hoenig

in Perspectives on Dodd-Frank and Finance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028035
eISBN:
9780262325929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028035.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In this chapter, FDIC Vice Chairman Thomas Hoenig observes that in recent years, commercial banks have expanded into proprietary trading, market making and other activities that are outside the realm ... More


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