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Elite and Society

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee was never a ‘representative’ elite. Like other revolutionary elites, it was disproportionately male and well educated; but it was generally more representative of the mass ... More


The Identity Approach: Public Decision Making in Diverse Societies

Avigail Eisenberg

in Reasons of Identity: A Normative Guide to the Political and Legal Assessment of Identity Claims

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199291304
eISBN:
9780191710704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291304.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter provides an overview of the theoretical framework for interpreting and assessing identity claims developed in this book. It situates this project in relation to two widely held positions ... More


Toward Balance in Federalism

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Balanced Federalism encourages more thoughtful and transparent balancing between the competing values of good governance at the heart of American federalism. It more effectively leverages the ... More


The Modern Paternalistic State

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines modern paternalism through a number of examples and relates it to the intellectual apparatus analyzed in the previous chapters. An important point here is that only a fraction ... More


Effectiveness of Traditional Safeguards Against Erroneous Conviction Arising From Mistaken Eyewitness Identification

Jennifer L. Devenport, Christopher D. Kimbrough, and Brian L. Cutler

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.003
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The legal system recognizes the potential for error in cases involving eyewitness identifications and has implemented numerous safeguards to protect defendants from wrongful conviction resulting from ... More


Limitations of Expert Psychology Testimony on Eyewitness Identification

Heather D. Flowe, Kristin M. Finklea, and Ebbe B. Ebbesen

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.009
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the limitations of psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. In generalizing from laboratory research to actual cases, consideration must be given to several issues, ... More


Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Ian Bellany

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book provides an introduction to the technical aspects of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. It considers nuclear weapons from varying perspectives, including the technology perspective, which ... More


The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Bernard Hoekman and Michel Kostecki

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This book analyses the multilateral trading system's principles, rules, and procedures. It is not a legal text. It aims instead to provide an accessible (non‐technical) description of the rules of ... More


Cooperative Federalism Constitutionalized

Robert Schütze

in From Dual to Cooperative Federalism: The Changing Structure of European Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199238583
eISBN:
9780191716539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238583.003.05
Subject:
Law, EU Law

In the last twenty years, the European Union has even constitutionalised the philosophy of cooperative federalism by means of two novel constitutional devises: the principle of subsidiarity and ... More


Safeguards and Exceptions

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The various mechanisms allowing for the re‐imposition of trade barriers are discussed in this chapter, which summarizes the rules on––and the economics of––the use of instruments of contingent ... More


Exceptions to the Freedom Exclusively Applicable to Third Country Contexts

Steffen Hindelang

in The Free Movement of Capital and Foreign Direct Investment: The Scope of Protection in EU Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199572656
eISBN:
9780191705540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572656.003.0008
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter addresses the exceptions that apply exclusively to third country direct investment, i.e., Article 57 (1) EC, Article 59 EC, and Article 60 EC. Article 57 (1) EC contains a grandfathering ... More


Ethical Decision Making at the End of Life

Cynda Hylton Rushton

in Hospice Care for Children

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195340709
eISBN:
9780199999927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340709.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the issue of ethical decision making in end-of-life care for children. It explains that decisions at the end of life are fraught with confusion, uncertainty, ambiguity, and deep ... More


State Contingencies

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on continent protection instruments in the GATT. It begins with a brief introduction to all contingent protection instruments. It then discusses national security, balance of ... More


Safeguarding older people from abuse: Critical contexts to policy and practice

Angie Ash

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305668
eISBN:
9781447311683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305668.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

The abuse and mistreatment of older people is recognised internationally as a significant abuse of elders’ human rights. ‘Scandals’ and inquiries into failures to protect older people from abuse in ... More


Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Erin Ryan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book explores how constitutional interpreters struggle to reconcile the competing values that undergird American federalism, with real consequences for governance that requires local and ... More


TRIPS and Domestic Lawmaking

Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss

in A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304619
eISBN:
9780199933273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304619.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Private International Law

This Chapter considers whether TRIPS is sufficiently neofederalist to accommodate national institutional and political realities. The WTO must confront the political reality of packaging, diffusion, ... More


Contexts to safeguarding older people from abuse

Angie Ash

in Safeguarding older people from abuse: Critical contexts to policy and practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305668
eISBN:
9781447311683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305668.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter sets out the book’s themes and origins. The book originated in the author’s work on a number of independent case reviews where an older person had suffered abuse. These, variously, ... More


The need for theory, critical thinking and practice

Angie Ash

in Safeguarding older people from abuse: Critical contexts to policy and practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305668
eISBN:
9781447311683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305668.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter makes the case for theory-informed and critically-driven public policy and practice interventions to safeguard older people from abuse. The chapter’s first section sets out the case for ... More


Which Federalism?: The Choice and the Stakes

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The introduction outlines the questions the book addresses, charts the course of the discussion, and introduces its theoretical approach. It lays out the book’s central argument that federalism is ... More


The Role of the Political Branches: Negotiating Federalism

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter Eight summarizes the federalism safeguards debate, considers the role of negotiated governance, and highlights potential contributions from the academic negotiation literature. Most ... More


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