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Electronic displays

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Electronic displays such as televisions and visual display terminals, use a cathode ray tube that pulsates in brightness, with the top of the display being lit before the bottom repeatedly, at a ... More


BACKGROUND TO ACTIVE VISION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the features of the visual and oculomotor systems that are particularly important for understanding active vision. First, the chapter describes the inhomogeneity of the visual ... More


SPACE CONSTANCY AND TRANS-SACCADIC INTEGRATION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This final chapter is concerned with how information is combined across saccades. The first section focuses on evidence for the detection of displacement during saccades or whether trans-saccadic ... More


Attention

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Attention is crucial in vision, to avoid having the system overloaded by too much information. Some objects pop out, when distinguished from other objects around, and some do not. While objects on ... More


Control of Eye Movements

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

There are eye movements to place objects of interest onto the fovea (saccades and vergence), and to keep it there (smooth pursuit, fixation, optokinetic, and vestibular). Signals converge onto the ... More


Brain Stem Control of Coordinated Eye-Head Gaze Shifts

R. David Tomlinson and Manohar Bance

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0054
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Recent experiments have proven that the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) does not simply sum with vestibular eye movement commands during combined eye-head gaze saccades. Instead, if VOR gain is ... More


Movements of the Eyes in Three-Dimensional Space: Deficits of Vergence and Binocular Coordination in Dyslexia

Zoï Kapoula

in Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

Rapid, accurate and well coordinated saccades of the two eyes are a prerequisite for clear vision particularly during reading. The Iris group has studied fixation stability and saccadic parameters in ... More


The Role of the Dorsal Pathway in Word Recognition

Kristen Pammer

in Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

The complexity of the cortical interactions required to read are astounding. Not least are the interactions that occur within the visual cortex and beyond in the first 300ms or so of seeing a word. ... More


Behavioural aspects of cats’ saccades

Marcus Missal, Marc Crommelinck, and André Roucoux

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0079
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews some behavioural aspects of saccades recorded in alert, head-fixed, trained cats. The first part deals with characteristics of oblique saccades and their trajectory. The ... More


Saccade–VOR interaction in orienting gaze

Ignace Bottemanne, Philippe LefÈvre, Marc Crommelinck, and André Roucoux

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0095
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter a series of experiments are described where large-amplitude gaze shifts were recorded in the head-free condition, and eye saccades in the head-fixed condition. The amplitude of ... More


Gaze Saccades to Visual Targets: Does Head Movement Change the Metrics?

Wolfgang Becker and Reinhard Jürgens

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0066
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter, the authors addressed the question of the degree to which gaze saccades executed under natural conditions are modulated by concomitant head movements by creating a “quasi-natural” ... More


Timing of Coordinated Head and Eye Movements during Changes in the Direction of Gaze

Johannes Van Der Steen

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0071
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The objective of this chapter is to present the effects of voluntary control and stimulus conditions on three types of oculomotor behavior that were previously regarded as different subsystems. ... More


Eye-Head Coordination: Direction-Specific Differences of Horizontal Saccades Executed Toward or Opposite in Direction to Concurrent Head Motion

Siegbert Krafczyk, Walter Paulus, and Thomas Brandt

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0073
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter, the modification of saccades executed during active head or passive body rotation is investigated. An experimental setup was designed, which confined saccades to populations with ... More


Eye-Head Coordination in Oblique Gaze Shifts in Cats

André Roucoux, Marc Crommelinck, and and Liliane Borel

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0083
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on the discussion of the characteristics of neck muscle command signals and the descriptions of the aspects of head movement trajectories, eye saccades, and the coordination in ... More


Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex Inhibition Mechanism during Goal-Directed Saccades in Man

Denis Pélisson and Claude Prablanc

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0084
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

It has been shown from recent studies that concurrent head velocity affects gaze shift kinematics due to an inhibition of the VOR during the saccade in man. The goal of this study is to quantify the ... More


Strategies of the Eye-Head Orientation in Human Infants Related to Cognitive Development

Marguerite Roucoux and Christine Culée

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0115
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Young infants can orient themselves toward visual targets by means of eye saccades and head movements. In this study, a population of “at-risk” infants is tested for visual preferences to evaluate ... More


On the Failure to Detect Changes in Scenes across Saccades

John Grimes

in Perception

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195084627
eISBN:
9780199847167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084627.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, the impact of “functional blindness” during saccades—rapid point-to-point eye movements—on the current theories of perception is explored. These saccades cause gaps in the visual ... More


Visual extraction processes and regressive saccades in reading

Françoise Vitu

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

When reading a text, the eyes mainly move forward by going from one word to the next, although in some instances they return to previous regions of the text. This chapter investigates why and when ... More


Sources of information for the programming of short- and long-range regressions during reading

Albrecht W. Inhoff, Ulrich W. Weger, and Ralph Radach

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Readers execute regressions to move the eyes to a previously-read segment of text. Short-range regression and similar size forward directed saccades differ in that interword regressions are neither ... More


New directions in theories of eye-movement control during reading

Shun-nan Yang and George W. McConkie

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Several recent models of eye-movement control during reading have relaxed or abandoned assumptions about direct cognitive control of saccades and/or sequential attention to, and processing of, ... More


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