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VISUAL ORIENTING

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with orienting the eye to visual targets. Research has suggested some direct links between studies of human behaviour and the underlying neurophysiology. There are two key ... More


Comparison of Head Movement Strategies among Mammals

James H. Fuller

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter, a variety of saccadic eye-head movements evoked by visual and auditory stimuli are reviewed. Variation in head movement strategies resulting from methodology as well as the subject's ... More


Gaze and Preference-Orienting Behavior as a Somatic Precursor of Preference Decision

Shinsuke Shimojo, Claude Simion, and Mark A. Changizi

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews recent findings that link eye orienting(saccade)mechanism to conscious preference judgment. A systematic gaze bias was observed preceding a cognitive preference decision(the gaze ... More


Subitizing, Dynamic Vision, Saccade and Fixation Control in Dyslexia

Burkhart Fischer

in Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter deals with two visual (dynamic vision and subitizing) and two optomotor aspects (saccade control and fixation) of dyslexia. In each domain variables and the methods for their assessments ... More


Electroretinography

Scott E. Brodie and Jay A. Liveson

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Anatomically, the retina consists of primary photoreceptors occupying the outer layers, which relay visual information to second-order neurons (bipolar neurons) in the middle retinal layers. These ... More


Behavioural aspects of cats’ saccades

Marcus Missal, Marc Crommelinck, and André Roucoux

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0079
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews some behavioural aspects of saccades recorded in alert, head-fixed, trained cats. The first part deals with characteristics of oblique saccades and their trajectory. The ... More


Eye-Head Main Sequence in Midsagittal Vertical Plane in Humans

Claudie André-deshays and Samuel Ron

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0063
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vertical gaze displacement has seldom been studied systematically. Also, gaze-orienting movement in the vertical plane to a continuously visible target offset has not been investigated. The main ... More


Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex Inhibition Mechanism during Goal-Directed Saccades in Man

Denis Pélisson and Claude Prablanc

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0084
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

It has been shown from recent studies that concurrent head velocity affects gaze shift kinematics due to an inhibition of the VOR during the saccade in man. The goal of this study is to quantify the ... More


Word skipping: Implications for theories of eye movement control in reading

Marc Brysbaert, Denis Drieghe, and Françoise Vitu

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

When skilled readers read English texts, about one-third of the words are skipped. This chapter reviews the different explanations that have been proposed to explain this. It takes an in-depth look ... More


The Basis of a Saccadic Decision: What We Can Learn from Visual Search and Visual Attention

Eileen Kowler

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Saccadic eye movements make details clearer and more accurate, working around the limitations of human vision. This chapter takes into account saccadic programming costs in the evaluation of overall ... More


Handling Real Forms in Real Life

R. M. Steinman, W. Menezes, and A. N. Herst

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is possible to measure human gaze control, especially under restricted conditions. This chapter provides a PowerPoint presentation and propriety eye movement visualization to elaborate on human ... More


Temporal dilation: the chronostasis illusion and spatial attention

Kielan Yarrow

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the relation between chronostasis illusion and spatial attention. It discusses saccadic chronostasis which describes the temporal overestimation of a stimulus seen immediately ... More


On the agnosticism of spikes:: salience, saccades, and attention in the lateral intraparietal area of the monkey

Angela Gee, Anna Ipata, James W. Bisley, Jacqueline Gottlieb, and Michael E. Goldberg

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the role of neural activity in the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) on intention to make saccadic eye movement and on attention in the lateral intraparietal area in monkeys. It ... More


Movements of the eyes

Michael F. Land and Dan-Eric Nilsson

in Animal Eyes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199581139
eISBN:
9780191774652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581139.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Animals with limited spatial vision use a variety of strategies (kineses and taxes) to navigate towards appropriate light environments. Nearly all animals with good vision have a repertoire of eye ... More


Some Perceptual Psychology

Michael Madary

in Visual Phenomenology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035453
eISBN:
9780262341783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035453.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The fifth chapter begins the support for the empirical premise of the main argument by focusing on results from perceptual psychology. It includes a discussion of a range of evidence that supports ... More


Costs and Rewards of Motor Commands

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter discusses the costs and reward discounts of motor commands. It suggests that certain manipulations (food, repetition, etc.) change the implicit value that the brain assigns to the target ... More


Optimal Feedback Control

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter explains feedback-dependent motor control. It presents examples that support the idea that the motor commands that move the body rely on internal predictions regarding the state of the ... More


How does the cerebellum work? Model systems: Compensating for self-movement (vestibulo-ocular reflex), predictive motor learning (eye blink reflex), voluntary goal-directed behaviour (saccades), and action and reaction

John Montgomery and David Bodznick

in Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198758860
eISBN:
9780191834752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Model systems have been critical to developing our understanding of cerebellar function. The vestibulo-ocular reflex stabilizes the eyes during head movement and depends on the cerebellum to maintain ... More


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