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Rural and Urban Income Inequality and Poverty: Does Convergence between Sectors Offset Divergence within Them?

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Explores recent trends in developing and transitional economies in rural–urban, rural, and urban inequality of income and poverty risk, and the offsetting trends in inequality hypothesis (OTI), which ... More


Reducing Poverty and Inequality in India: Has Liberalization Helped?

Raghbendra Jha

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the first of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of India. Discusses the differences between the approach taken to liberalization in India (the Delhi ... More


Poverty Reduction in China: Trends and Causes

Yin Zhang and Guanghua Wan

in Inequality and Growth in Modern China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535194
eISBN:
9780191715730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates the trends and causes of poverty in China in the 1990s by applying the Shapley decomposition to unit-record household survey data. The changes in poverty trends are ... More


Agrarian Politics and Rural Development in West Bengal

Sunil Sengupta and Haris Gazdar

in Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198292043
eISBN:
9780191684852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292043.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines recent attempts to address the challenge of rural poverty in West Bengal. One distinguishing feature of the recent history of the said state is a significant change in the ... More


Going, Going, Gone! The Four Wastelands Auction Policy

Peter Ho

in Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Deals with wasteland and related policies. In order to exploit wasteland resources, the central government launched the so-called Four Wastelands Auction Policy. This policy was hailed as a ... More


Public Policy and Long-Term Trends in Inequality in Rural China

Hisatoshi Hoken and Hiroshi Sato

in Changing Trends in China's Inequality: Evidence, Analysis, and Prospects

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190077938
eISBN:
9780190077969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190077938.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines long-term changes in rural household incomes, inequality, and poverty in China from the late 1980s to 2013, with a focus on changes in public policy and the structure of rural ... More


Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D'Costa (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

India and China—the two largest and fastest growing economies in the world—are contributing to the realignment of the global economy while most of the advanced capitalist countries are reeling under ... More


Older people, low income and place: making connections in rural Britain

Shane Doheny and Paul Milbourne

in Countryside connections: Older people, community and place in rural Britain

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447310303
eISBN:
9781447310327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310303.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The chapter provides a critical exploration of the situations and experiences of older people living on low income in different rural places in England and Wales. It draws on evidence from a survey ... More


Consuming Grief: Infant Death in the Postcolonial Time of Intervention

Sarah Pinto

in Postcolonial Disorders

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252233
eISBN:
9780520941021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252233.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines ways of addressing and coping with infant death in the context of rural poverty and transnational intervention in postcolonial India, discussing the stories told repeatedly by ... More


The Economic Resilience and Predicament of Rural Families

Yi Wu

in Negotiating Rural Land Ownership in Southwest China: State, Village, Family

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824846770
eISBN:
9780824872168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824846770.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the economic resilience of the small family farms and the constraints that these farms faced in the post-Mao era. Key features of the family economy, such as managerialism, ... More


Agrarian Crossings: Reformers and the Remaking of the US and Mexican Countryside

Tore C. Olsson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691165202
eISBN:
9781400888054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165202.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1930s and 1940s, rural reformers in the United States and Mexico waged unprecedented campaigns to remake their countrysides in the name of agrarian justice and agricultural productivity. This ... More


Food Security and the Public Distribution System

Jean Drèze

in Sense and Solidarity: Jholawala Economics for Everyone

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198833468
eISBN:
9780191871900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833468.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses India's National Food Security Act (NFSA), with a special focus on the public distribution system (PDS). The PDS had a very poor record until recently, but is now improving ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Branchhead Boys: North Carolina's Scott Family and the Era of Progressive Politics

Rob Christensen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651040
eISBN:
9781469651064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651040.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Louisiana had the Longs, Virginia had the Byrds, Georgia had the Talmadges, and North Carolina had the Scotts. In this history of North Carolina’s most influential political family, Rob Christensen ... More


Neoliberalism and the Food Crisis

Prabhat Patnaik

in Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195394825
eISBN:
9780199380947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394825.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the trends in food production and availability and shows that in the period following neo-liberal “reforms” per capita output and per capita availability in the country have ... More


The Politics of Absence: Peasant Lifeworlds and Colonial Government

François G. Richard

in Reluctant Landscapes: Historical Anthropologies of Political Experience in Siin, Senegal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226252407
eISBN:
9780226252681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226252681.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 8 expands the analysis of colonial power fields begun in the previous chapter, with an examination of the lived experience of colonialism – namely, how Siin villagers negotiated, complied ... More


Hard Times

Rob Christensen

in The Rise and Fall of the Branchhead Boys: North Carolina’s Scott Family and the Era of Progressive Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651040
eISBN:
9781469651064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651040.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Great Depression made a hard life even worse. Out of the rural poverty, Kerr Scott led a re-organized State Grange to fight for famer interests. This provided Kerr Scott with a political base to ... More


Conclusion: Working-Class Community Action

Stephen Schryer

in Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The Conclusion sums up ongoing anxieties about lower-class cultural difference in the wake of Donald Trump’s electoral victory, exploring the notion that the rural white working class inhabits an ... More


Musical Journeys in Sumatra

Margaret Kartomi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036712
eISBN:
9780252093821
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036712.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Although Sumatra is the sixth largest island in the world and home to an estimated 44 million Indonesians, its musical arts and cultures have not been the subject of a book-length study until now. ... More


‘Druid’ Jones on the Carmarthen Circuit: Radicalization and Recreation on the Celtic Fringe

Michael J. Franklin

in Orientalist Jones: Sir William Jones, Poet, Lawyer, and Linguist, 1746-1794

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199532001
eISBN:
9780191730900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532001.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History, British and Irish Modern History

Jones chose to train as a barrister as a career in which intellectual merit might rival aristocratic privilege, facilitating independence. This chapter illustrates work and leisure as he rode the ... More


The Tragedy of Collectivization

Zhou Xun

in Forgotten Voices of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962: An Oral History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300184044
eISBN:
9780300199246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300184044.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses radical collectivization in China. In 1943, Mao Zedong, the new supreme head of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), proclaimed agricultural collectivization as the key to ... More


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