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Civil Society in the Countryside? Social Organizations and Rural Development

Gordon White, Jude Howell, and Shang Xiaoyuan

in In Search of Civil Society: Market Reform and Social Change in Contemporary China

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289562
eISBN:
9780191684739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289562.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the role of social organizations in two rapidly urbanizing rural areas in the economically dynamic coastal regions: the counties/cities of Xiaoshan in Zhejiang province and ... More


China’s Rural Economy under Two Regimes

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the collective period of the 1960s and 1970s, China experienced food shortage, extreme hunger, and agricultural exploitation that resulted from the ineffective industrialization program of the ... More


Regional Variation in the Rural Economy

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the significance of regional variation in the analysis of the rural economy’s soundness and the influences of organizational and policy reforms to micro-level participants such ... More


Demobilization, Land, and Household Livelihoods in Ethiopia

Daniel Ayalew, Stefan Dercon, and Pramila Krishnan

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses land tenure and urban economy conditions in Ethiopia and the implications of both for reintegrating ex-soldiers back into the community. It describes and assesses the ... More


Poverty and the Environmental Resource Base

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses poverty in relation to the environmental resource base. It has ten sections: (1) the resource basis of rural production; (2) the characteristics of ... More


The Rural Economy, 1780–1914

Liam Kennedy and Peter M. Solar

in Ulster Since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583119
eISBN:
9780191744822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Environmental features such as soil, climate and location distinguished Ulster from other regions in Ireland. Mixed farming predominated during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In the later ... More


Land, Labour, Savings, and Credit

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses the characteristics of the peasant household in terms of land, labour, savings, and credit. It has ten sections: (1) the peasant household (which is normally ... More


The Employment of Labour

Jane Whittle and Elizabeth Griffiths

in Consumption and Gender in the Early Seventeenth-Century Household: The World of Alice Le Strange

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199233533
eISBN:
9780191739330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233533.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Consumption involved not only the acquisition and use of goods but also the use of labour. Live‐in servants were employed to cook and clean the house, care for horses and hawks, and work on the Le ... More


Introduction

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Often regarded by the international development society as a place that manifests outstanding economic progress and population management, China is viewed by some as a country that exhibits ... More


Housing and the rural economy

Madhu Satsangi, Nick Gallent, and Mark Bevan

in The rural housing question: Community and planning in Britain's countrysides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423856
eISBN:
9781447303985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423856.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

A new phenomenon where there is less concern for the downward trajectories of many rural economies is becoming evident in Britain and its sister states as well as in other parts of the world. In the ... More


Commerce, Rural Economy, and the Structure of Society

Paul Douglas Lockhart

in Denmark, 1513–1660: The Rise and Decline of a Renaissance Monarchy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271214
eISBN:
9780191709616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271214.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the economy and society of Denmark during the 16th and 17th centuries. Topics covered include the Reformation economy, the structure of Danish society, the rural lower class, ... More


Evolving agendas in rural housing

Madhu Satsangi, Nick Gallent, and Mark Bevan

in The rural housing question: Community and planning in Britain's countrysides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423856
eISBN:
9781447303985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423856.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Early reviews are important for they reveal how concerns for rural housing, rural economies and rural communities have evolved over the last century. However, these concerns, traceable in a variety ... More


The European Model of Agriculture

Michael Cardwell

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

In order to meet the increasing economic and environmental challenges faced by the European farming industry, the EU has advocated a new European Model of Agriculture that will provide a competitive ... More


‘Une véritable fureur de plantation’: The Transformation of the Rural Economy, 1789–1830

Peter McPhee

in Revolution and Environment in Southern France: Peasants, Lords, and Murder in the Corbières 1780–1830

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207177
eISBN:
9780191677533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207177.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the transformation of the rural economy in the Corbières during the period from 1789 to 1830. Cultivated land in the region had increased by 64,000 hectares in the period ... More


Introduction

P. J. P. Goldberg

in Women, Work, and Life Cycle in a Medieval Economy: Women in York and Yorkshire c.1300-1520

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201540
eISBN:
9780191674938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201540.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Economic History

The question which inspired this book was the extent to which marriage was an economic necessity for medieval woman. The period is almost devoid of letters written by women and autobiographical ... More


Net National Product in a Dynamic Economy

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses poverty in relation to the environmental resource base. It has ten sections; (1) the resource basis of rural production; (2) the characteristics of ... More


Rural Women's Livelihood: Their Position in the Agrarian Economy

Jo Grace and Adam Pain

in Land of the Unconquerable: The Lives of Contemporary Afghan Women

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520261853
eISBN:
9780520948990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261853.003.0018
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents a clear depiction of how Afghan women outside urban areas negotiate to benefit themselves and their families, and how they gain power and fulfillment despite inequities. In ... More


Historic Initiative, Limited by Design and Implementation: A National Overview of the Implementation of NREGA

K.P. Kannan and Jan Breman

in The Long Road to Social Security: Assessing the Implementation of National Social Security Initiatives for the Working Poor in India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198090311
eISBN:
9780199082490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090311.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) was intended to provide employment to the rural poor of India through the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) of 2005. The ... More


A Question of Access: Women and Food Security

Elizabeth Stites

in Land of the Unconquerable: The Lives of Contemporary Afghan Women

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520261853
eISBN:
9780520948990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261853.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses Afghanistan's history of food security and how it changed after the fall of the Taliban in 2001. Food security is built on three main aspects—food availability, food access, ... More


Agriculture and Forestry

Jack Morrell

in Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206576
eISBN:
9780191677229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206576.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the developments in the teaching of agriculture and forestry at Oxford University in England from 1914 to 1939. Agriculture at Oxford was often seen as a mere technical craft of ... More


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