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Rural Electrification

John L. Neufeld

in Selling Power: Economics, Policy, and Electric Utilities Before 1940

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226399638
eISBN:
9780226399775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226399775.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

In 1930, 85% of urban dwellings, but only 10% of farms, had electric service. Without electricity, indoor plumbing and food storage were more difficult. The issue was emotional and personal to ... More


The Evolution of Informal Finance in China and Its Prospects

Shuxia Jiang

in Informal Finance in China: American and Chinese Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380644
eISBN:
9780199869329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380644.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, South and East Asia

This chapter details the evolution of Chinese informal finance, describing the different types of informal finance that have eased constraints posed by the formal financial sector. It discusses why ... More


The Rural Financial System and Rural Development in China

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines rural credit cooperatives (RCCs) in the context of China's rural financial landscape, with particular emphasis on their significance to the rural economy and households. China's ... More


Health and Rural Cooperative Medical Insurance

Song Gao and Xiangyi Meng

in Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199990313
eISBN:
9780199346363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199990313.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

China’s rural communes collapsed with the reform of the household responsibility system starting in 1978, followed by the collapse of the old rural cooperative medical system, the direct consequence ... More


The Design of China’s Rural Credit Institutions

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines the institutional design of rural credit cooperatives (RCCs) and whether it influences patterns in their lending. Drawing on the results of a household survey, it considers the ... More


Remaking the Heartland: Middle America since the 1950s

Robert Wuthnow

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146119
eISBN:
9781400836246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146119.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

For many Americans, the Middle West is a vast unknown. This book sets out to rectify this. It shows how the region has undergone extraordinary social transformations over the past half-century and ... More


Health policy

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok, and David Phillips

in Social policy in China: Development and well-being

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348807
eISBN:
9781447303411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter explores the key features and structure of the Chinese healthcare system in 1978. It also examines China's healthcare initiatives after 1978, including change in the nature of hospital ... More


Soviet Power and Life in the Colonies, 1925–1929

Jonathan L. Dekel-Chen

in Farming the Red Land: Jewish Agricultural Colonization and Local Soviet Power, 1924-1941

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300103311
eISBN:
9780300133929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300103311.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The collaboration between foreign philanthropies and the Soviet authorities enabled thousands of Jews to leave the shtetls and settle in the agricultural colonies every winter throughout the second ... More


Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Lynette H. Ong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

The official banking institutions for rural China are rural credit cooperatives (RCCs). Although these co-ops are mandated to support agricultural development among farm households, since 1980 half ... More


Peasant Intellectuals in Chalatenango

Joaquín M. Chávez

in Poets and Prophets of the Resistance: Intellectuals and the Origins of El Salvador's Civil War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199315512
eISBN:
9780190661106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315512.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The chapter examines the emergence of a cohort of peasant leaders in Chalatenango, a department in El Salvador, which led anti-oligarchic mobilizations of the 1970s and early 1980s. Peasant ... More


Local Governments, Rural Credit, and Regional Development in China

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This book examines the bias in lending toward local government-related enterprises in rural China. It investigates why the mobilization of rural savings has contributed to successful industrial ... More


Conclusion

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This book concludes by providing an update on the reform of China's rural credit cooperatives (RCCs) in the late 2000s, with particular emphasis on the costs of soft-budget constraints and bailouts ... More


The Implications of Cadre Evaluation and Fiscal System for Local-Government Behavior

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines bias in the lending practices of rural credit cooperatives (RCCs) across all locales from the perspective of institutional design. More specifically, it shows how the Chinese ... More


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