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The Story of Vanishing Water Towers

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Concerns about declining water supplies from glaciers have become a critical concern with global warming, especially in the Andes where large desert cities rely on glacier runoff for water. In the ... More


Stochastic soil moisture dynamics and vegetation response

Amilcare Porporato and Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes work on a stochastic soil moisture model that has been used to investigate the relationship between the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics ecohydrology in water-controlled ... More


Water, Place, and Equity

John M. Whiteley, Helen Ingram, and Richard Warren Perry (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232715
eISBN:
9780262286107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232715.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Many predict that by the end of the twenty-first century water will dominate world natural resources politics as oil does at the beginning. Access to water is widely regarded as a basic human right, ... More


Electoral Rules and Democracy in Latin America

Cynthia McClintock

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190879754
eISBN:
9780190879792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190879754.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

During Latin America’s third democratic wave, a majority of countries adopted a runoff rule for the election of the president. This book is the first rigorous assessment of the implications of runoff ... More


Emergence of Cooperation under Scarcity and Variability

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

in International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Using a large-n empirical quantitative methodology, this chapter seeks to answer the following question: why are agreements negotiated between some states, or river riparians, and not others and what ... More


Impact of Water Harvesting and Recharge in Naturally Water-Scarce Regions *

M. Dinesh Kumar

in Managing Water in River Basins: Hydrology, Economics, and Institutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065364
eISBN:
9780199081219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065364.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter evaluates the potentials of, and pitfalls in, rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharging in water-scarce regions of India. It analyses macro and micro level hydrological and ... More


Changing Surface Water–Groundwater Interactions in Narmada River Basin

M. Dinesh Kumar

in Managing Water in River Basins: Hydrology, Economics, and Institutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065364
eISBN:
9780199081219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065364.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the changes in the interaction between surface water and groundwater in Narmada River Basin. It analyses the historical flows, long-term trends in rainfall in the basin, and ... More


Research Design and Quantitative Analysis

Cynthia McClintock

in Electoral Rules and Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190879754
eISBN:
9780190879792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190879754.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

The chapter describes the dataset: the independent variables (presidential-election rule—runoff versus plurality—as well as years of runoff and years of plurality) and the dependent variables: levels ... More


Thermal Pollution

William G. Wilson

in Stormwater: A Resource for Scientists, Engineers, and Policy Makers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226364957
eISBN:
9780226365145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226365145.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses how humans affect stream temperatures both directly and indirectly. Thermal pollution directly arises from heat contained within wastewater, precipitation warmed through the ... More


Retention of nutrients and sediment by vegetation

Marc Conte, Driss Ennaanay, Guillermo Mendoza, Michael Todd Walter, Stacie Wolny, David Freyberg, Erik Nelson, and Luis Solorzano

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents spatially explicit models that quantify and value the nutrient and sediment retention provided by vegetative lands. Data-sparse tier 1 biophysical models use the hydraulic ... More


Hydrology of Urban Environments

Marc Illgen

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The chapter describes the general hydrological processes and phenomena of urban environments. The major components of the urban water cycle, together with the processes occurring between atmosphere, ... More


. Water Quality Degradation

Robert W. Hastings

in The Lakes of Pontchartrain: Their History and Environments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604732719
eISBN:
9781604734706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604732719.003.0012
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter discusses the deterioration of water quality on the Pontchartrain basin. The major sources of pollutants into Lake Pontchartrain are urban stormwater drainage, discharges of domestic ... More


Shifting Plants in Wisconsin Lakes

Stanley A. Nichols

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines changes in aquatic communities. Key threats to lake plant communities include shoreline development, heavy boat traffic, nutrient runoff, and consequent lake eutrophication and ... More


Presidential Elections and Majority Rule: The Rise, Demise, and Potential Restoration of the Jeffersonian Electoral College

Edward B. Foley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190060152
eISBN:
9780190060183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190060152.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The Electoral College governing America today was adopted by Thomas Jefferson’s supporters, after the 1800 election almost derailed his presidency. The Jeffersonians were motivated by majority rule. ... More


A Recommitment to Majority Rule

Edward B. Foley

in Presidential Elections and Majority Rule: The Rise, Demise, and Potential Restoration of the Jeffersonian Electoral College

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190060152
eISBN:
9780190060183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190060152.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

States should adopt a majority-rule requirement for participating in the Electoral College, meaning specifically that no state should award all its Electoral College votes to any candidate who fails ... More


A Feasible Reform

Edward B. Foley

in Presidential Elections and Majority Rule: The Rise, Demise, and Potential Restoration of the Jeffersonian Electoral College

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190060152
eISBN:
9780190060183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190060152.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Each state already has the constitutional power to require that candidates win a majority of the popular vote to receive all of the state’s electoral votes. Each state could adopt the kind of runoff ... More


Water Flow in Three Dimensions

Marco Bittelli, Gaylon S. Campbell, and Fausto Tomei

in Soil Physics with Python: Transport in the Soil–Plant–Atmosphere System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199683093
eISBN:
9780191763175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683093.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

In this chapter, the equations and numerical solutions presented in Chapter 8 are extended to a three-dimensional network for application at the catchment scale. The simulation domain is a ... More


Content: Constitutional Rewrites and Changes in Presidential Powers

Javier Corrales

in Fixing Democracy: How Power Asymmetries Help Explain Presidential Powers in New Constitutions, Evidence from Latin America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868895
eISBN:
9780190869380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868895.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides the broadest evidence on behalf of my power asymmetry argument. It begins by discussing my index of presidential powers (the dependent variable), which draws heavily from ... More


Reform Efforts and Thoughts on the Electoral College

Robert M. Alexander

in Representation and the Electoral College

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190939427
eISBN:
9780190939465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939427.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This chapter evaluates how the Electoral College performs relative to norms associated with representation. While Electoral College practices have changed considerably, many arguments applied to the ... More


Preserving the Party System

George C. Edwards III

in Why the Electoral College Is Bad for America: Third Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300243888
eISBN:
9780300249651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243888.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter concerns the preservation of the party system as another argument in favor of electoral colleges. This argument asserts that the direct election of the president would fragment and ... More


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