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Making Ourselves Miserable

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Most negative emotions are not the direct consequences of real emotion-producing events, but rather occur because people imagine themselves in past or future situations and engage in rumination about ... More


Spousal Support and Dyadic Coping in Times of Stress

Anita DeLongis, Susan Holtzman, Eli Puterman, and Mark Lam

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews research on the effects of partner support on coping with stress. The authors argue that support from the spouse plays a key role in both promoting adaptive coping and ... More


Conceptual framework

Dianna T. Kenny

in The Psychology of Music Performance Anxiety

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586141
eISBN:
9780191731129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586141.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter develops a conceptual framework from which to theorize music performance anxiety. It reviews some of the philosophies, such as Cartesian dualism, and research methods such as nomothetic ... More


Self-Essentialism

Philippe Rochat

in Moral Acrobatics: How We Avoid Ethical Ambiguity by Thinking in Black and White

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190057657
eISBN:
9780190057688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190057657.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

We are impersonators of who we represent ourselves to be, not only for others but also ourselves, always fearful of being debunked as impostors or fakes. We do care about our own reputation, the ... More


Extending the Goal Progress Theory of Rumination: Goal Reevaluation and Growth

Leonard L. Martin and Abraham Tesser

in Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195177664
eISBN:
9780199848218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177664.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter assesses the literature on rumination. It specifically attempts to integrate the additional considerations on rumination into the ... More


Memory for Emotional and Nonemotional Events in Depression: A Question of Habit?

Paula Hertel

in Memory and Emotion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195158564
eISBN:
9780199848126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158564.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses what is by far the largest research area in the examination of memory in clinical groups — research conducted with depressed or ... More


Human Self-Reflective Curse

Philippe Rochat

in Moral Acrobatics: How We Avoid Ethical Ambiguity by Thinking in Black and White

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190057657
eISBN:
9780190057688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190057657.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Moral hypocrisy and duplicity are the rule rather than just exceptions. Both are inseparable from self-consciousness and humans’ unique concern for reputation. It is linked to face-maintenance ... More


Songs of the Sirens: desire

Judith A. Peraino

in Listening to the Sirens: Musical Technologies of Queer Identity from Homer to Hedwig

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520215870
eISBN:
9780520921740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520215870.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter considers the hedonistic side of music, notions, and practices of music that concern shaping the self through excessive desire. Musical activity can be at once ascetic and hedonistic: ... More


Dynamic Regulation of Internal Experience: Mechanisms of Therapeutic Change

Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Kalina Christoff, and Mary-Frances O’Connor

in Neuroscience of Enduring Change

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190881511
eISBN:
9780190881528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190881511.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Psychotherapy holds great promise for bringing about therapeutic change, yet a major challenge lies in translating short-term change into change that endures over extended time scales. This chapter ... More


The neuroscience of human cognition

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The motivation for an imaging study should be better than simply “little is known about the neural basis of X.” As in other areas of science, interest should be in phenomena that are in need of ... More


Rumination

Valli K. Ekvall and Shirley W. Ekvall

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses rumination, including its causes and complications. The associated biochemical and behavioral abnormalities are discussed, as are factors to be considered in nutritional ... More


The Tendency to Feel Victimized in Interpersonal and Intergroup Relationships

Rahav Gabay, Boaz Hameiri, Tammy Rubel-Lifschitz, and Arie Nadler

in The Social Psychology of Collective Victimhood

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190875190
eISBN:
9780190875220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190875190.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses individual differences in the tendency to perceive interpersonal victimhood, and parallels to collective victimhood. Specifically, some people are more likely than others to ... More


Inner Democracy as Multi-Voiced and Dialogical

Hubert J. M. Hermans

in Inner Democracy: Empowering the Mind Against a Polarizing Society

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197501023
eISBN:
9780197501054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501023.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter elaborates on the interplay between divergent I-positions in order to create the optimal conditions for learning from others and from oneself. In that context, a distinction is made ... More


Passion and Cognition

Robert J. Vallerand

in The Psychology of Passion: A Dualistic Model

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199777600
eISBN:
9780190457099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777600.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews empirical evidence that reveals that the two types of passion (harmonious and obsessive) can affect cognitive functioning, with harmonious passion leading to the most adaptive ... More


Friendship in Childhood and Adolescence

Cynthia A. Erdley and Helen J. Day

in The Psychology of Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190222024
eISBN:
9780190645380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190222024.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the ways interactions with friends are distinct from interactions with nonfriends. It discusses processes that contribute to the development and maintenance of friendships and ... More


Mindfulness Practice and Well-Being

Paul Verhaeghen

in Presence: How Mindfulness and Meditation Shape Your Brain, Mind, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199395606
eISBN:
9780190674229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199395606.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the effects of mindfulness and meditation on different aspects of psychological well-being. It starts with a methodological note, focused on different types of control groups ... More


Mindfulness as Medicine

Paul Verhaeghen

in Presence: How Mindfulness and Meditation Shape Your Brain, Mind, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199395606
eISBN:
9780190674229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199395606.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the effects of mindfulness training on psychological symptoms and syndromes in clinical populations and how to measure these. It reviews effects on depression, anxiety, ... More


Thoughts That Haunt

Neil D. Shortland, Laurence J. Alison, and Joseph M. Moran

in Conflict: How Soldiers Make Impossible Descisions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190623449
eISBN:
9780190623463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623449.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Least-worst decisions, by their nature, have a high chance of an adverse outcome. The decisions that soldiers make during war cause them conflict, and such decisions can have major implications for ... More


Social: Revenge, Feuding, Rioting, Terrorism, War, and Other Delights

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton

in Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395143
eISBN:
9780190255763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines how payback magnifies and ramifies onto a larger, social canvas. It first makes the case that a solid line—based on the Three Rs—runs through revenge to feuding, through the ... More


Forgetting and Forgiving Revisited

Jeffrey M. Blustein

in Forgiveness and Remembrance: Remembering Wrongdoing in Personal and Public Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199329397
eISBN:
9780199363506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199329397.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter aims to correct and complicate the standard account of the role of remembering in the process of forgiveness by arguing that remembering can actually impede forgiveness if it is such ... More


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