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Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Tim Mulgan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a new theory of the obligations to future generations, based on a new Rule Consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. The result is a coherent, ... More


Rule Consequentialism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Rule Consequentialism. It begins with a brief introduction to contemporary Rule Consequentialism, focusing on Brad Hooker’s formulation. A new formulation of Rule ... More


Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Brad Hooker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Begins by explaining and arguing for certain criteria for assessing normative moral theories. Then argues that these criteria lead to a rule‐consequentialist moral theory. According to ... More


Reproductive Freedom

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first establishes a strong prima facie Rule Consequentialist case in favour of reproductive freedom. Arguments against reproductive freedom are then examined and found wanting. Rule ... More


Optimism and Pessimism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a basic list of intuitively plausible principles of intergenerational justice, against which Rule Consequentialism can be measured. It then establishes the Rule ... More


Disagreement and Uncertainty

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores how those who have internalized the Rule Consequentialist ideal code will respond to disagreement and uncertainty. The ensuing discussion reinforces the Rule Consequentialist ... More


International Justice

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A complete Rule Consequentialist theory must outline the obligations of one nation to another, and of individuals in one nation to individuals in another, and tell us how these should be balanced ... More


The Limits of Rule Consequentialism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on a single problem for Rule Consequentialism: whether it makes unreasonable demands under partial compliance. It recaps the arguments of The Demands of Consequentialism, and ... More


The Consequentialist Nature of Economic Analysis

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.01
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents welfare economics and its consequentialist nature. It first discusses the main features of positive and normative economic analysis and the meaning of “consequentialism.” It ... More


Theravāda Ethics as Rule-Consequentialism

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter analyzes the theoretical structure of Theravāda ethics, drawing primarily on the Pali Canon. This form of Buddhist ethics has much in common with consequentialism. Several explicit ... More


Buddhist Ethics and the Demands of Consequentialism

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Many writers have objected that consequentialism makes extreme demands, asking more sacrifice than is reasonable and insisting that we all become moral saints. Buddhist ethicists have some ... More


Rules and Their Reasons: Mill on Morality and Instrumental Rationality

Ben Eggleston

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter addresses the question of what role Mill regards rules as playing in the determination of morally permissible action by drawing on his remarks about instrumentally rational action. ... More


Mill, Rule Utilitarianism, and the Incoherence Objection

Dale E. Miller

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the “incoherence” or “rule-worship” objection to rule utilitarianism is best understood as asserting that rule utilitarians are committed to inconsistent claims about ... More


The Partial Overlap/Convergence of Reasonable Views

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The rationality and consistency tests defended in Chapter 6 can be used to discredit and rule out certain moral principles and moral judgments and, thus, indirectly establish the truth of certain ... More


Generalizing to Other Forms of Consequentialism

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter lays out several variants upon standard act consequentialism, including indirect act consequentialism, rule consequentialism, evaluator-relative consequentialism, and non-foundational ... More


Justifying the Moral Rules: The Second Five

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the moral rules: do not deceive, keep your promises, do not cheat, obey the law, and do your duty, are justified moral rules. It provides analyses of deception, promises, ... More


What Are the Rules to Promote?

Brad Hooker

in Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that rules should not be evaluated in terms of the numbers of acts of this or that kind that they allow. Then asks whether rules should be assessed in terms of whether they promote equality, ... More


Questions of Formulation

Brad Hooker

in Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that rule‐consequentialism should be formulated in terms of expected value rather than in terms of actual consequences. Also, argues that the theory should be formulated in terms of acceptance ... More


Is Rule‐Consequentialism Guilty of Collapse or Incoherence?

Brad Hooker

in Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to this chapter's arguments, rule‐consequentialism need not be guilty of either collapse into extensional equivalence with act‐consequentialism or incoherence. The chapter also explains how ... More


Predictability and Convention

Brad Hooker

in Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers whether rule‐consequentialism is undermined by the unpredictability of the consequences of whole codes of rules. Argues that, where we can calculate that some alternative is better than the ... More


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