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Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

David Lyons

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

One can contrast the analogous general utilitarian principle in order to see whether it can be subjected to the criticisms offered against Act-Utilitarianism. From the notion of generalization one ... More


Interpreting Mill

David Weinstein

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that contemporary scholars, who interpret Mill as a rule utilitarian and then criticize his rule utilitarianism as incoherent, ignore F. H. Bradley's much earlier admonition that ... More


Mill's Rule Utilitarianism in Context

Rex Martin

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The notion of rule utilitarianism has been discussed under two main headings: ideal-rules utilitarianism and “indirect” utilitarianism. The chapter sketches out each perspective along three different ... More


RULE-UTILITARIANISM

David Lyons

in Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is about moral rules. Most proponents of utilitarian generalization have viewed such a principle as the ground of moral rules or else have been concerned to account for the strength of ... More


Mill, Rule Utilitarianism, and the Incoherence Objection

Dale E. Miller

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the “incoherence” or “rule-worship” objection to rule utilitarianism is best understood as asserting that rule utilitarians are committed to inconsistent claims about ... More


Rules and Their Reasons: Mill on Morality and Instrumental Rationality

Ben Eggleston

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter addresses the question of what role Mill regards rules as playing in the determination of morally permissible action by drawing on his remarks about instrumentally rational action. ... More


Assessing Moral Rules: Utilitarian and Kantian Perspectives

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares and contrasts rule-utilitarian and Kantian thinking about what moral rules should be accepted and what exceptions they should allow. We do not, and may never, know just what ... More


Group Oughts

John F. Horty

in Agency and Deontic Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134612
eISBN:
9780199833269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134613.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The notion of what an agent ought to do is generalized to yield a notion of what groups of agents ought to do. Relations among the obligations governing groups and subgroups are explored, as well as ... More


Ambivalence about duty

David O. Brink

in Mill's Progressive Principles

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672141
eISBN:
9780191751257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672141.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Mill's claims about duty, his ambivalence between direct and indirect utilitarianism, and the importance he attaches to secondary principles that supplement the utilitarian ... More


Rule-Utilitarianism

Donald H. Regan

in Utilitarianism and Co-operation

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246091
eISBN:
9780191680922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246091.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses whether some seemingly plausible variants of rule-utilitarianism have PropCOP and PropAU. It also aims to make it seem plausible that all attempts to describe a ... More


Utilitarianism

R. M. Hare

in Freedom and Reason

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Through consideration of another practical case, this chapter opens the way to a generalization of the method of argument outlined previously. Multilateral cases raise the question of how the ... More


Act-utilitarianism and Promissory Obligation

Alastair Norcross

in Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Act-utilitarianism is often criticized for failing to account for the strength of promissory obligation. Worse still, it is not even clear that the institution of promising could exist in an ... More


Agency and Deontic Logic

John F. Horty

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134612
eISBN:
9780199833269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Develops deontic logic against the background of a rigorous theory of agency in branching, or indeterministic, time. It is often assumed that the notion of what an agent ought to do can be identified ... More


Promising and Utilitarianism

P. S. Atiyah

in Promises, Morals, and Law

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254799
eISBN:
9780191681530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254799.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter discusses that the utilitarian account of promising places most of its weight on the expectations created by promises and on the fact that people rely upon them, and would suffer harm as ... More


A Kantian Perspective on Moral Rules

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sets the stage for subsequent discussions by sketching a deliberative framework drawn from a combination of Kant's formulations of the Categorical Imperative. Ideas of willing universal laws, ... More


Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism

Susan Wolf

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In a famous article, J. J. C. Smart argued against the idea that utilitarians could avoid counterintuitive moral judgments by adopting an indirect version of their theory such as rule utilitarianism. ... More


Jim and the Indians in the Jungle Clearing

Hugo Adam Bedau

in Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a fictional case meant to show problems with utilitarianism: Jim comes upon a group of Indians held at gunpoint by soldiers, who plan to kill them to set an example. Jim is ... More


Rules

Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer

in The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199603695
eISBN:
9780191781834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603695.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Consequentialists have different attitudes to rules. We distinguish the question of what is the correct criterion for deciding whether an act ought to be done (which may be that it leads to the best ... More


Utilitarian Generalization

Donald H. Regan

in Utilitarianism and Co-operation

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246091
eISBN:
9780191680922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246091.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a proposal to do for utilitarian generalization what was done for rule-utilitarianism in the previous chapter. It aims to make it plausible that no version of utilitarian ... More


Isolation, Assurance and Rules *: can rational folly supplant foolish rationality?

Peter Hammond

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0029
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In an ‘isolation paradox’ game whose many players have identical preferences, conforming to a rule which maximizes average utility is individually a strictly dominated strategy. Suppose, however, ... More


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