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Genetic Control of Meso-diencephalic Dopaminergic Neuron Development in Rodents

Wolfgang Wurst and Nilima Prakash

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Meso-diencephalic dopaminergic (mdDA) neurons play a key role in several human brain functions and are thus also involved in the pathophysiology of severe neurological and psychiatric disorders. The ... More


Ethiopian wolves: Afroalpine ecology, solitary foraging, and intense sociality amongst Ethiopian wolves

Claudio Sillero-Zubiri, Jorgelina Marino, Dada Gottelli, and David W. Macdonald

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), at about 20 kg, differs from such typical, medium-size canids as the coyote (Canis latrans) in its unusually long legs and a long muzzle. Restricted to ... More


Architectonic structure of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex

Joseph L. Price

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter describes the structural organization of the orbital cortex (OFC), together with the medial prefrontal cortex. It reviews previous areal maps of this cortex, and provides a description of ... More


The orbitofrontal cortex: sulcal and gyral morphology and architecture

Michael Petrides and Scott Mackey

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter describes the detailed topography of the orbitofrontal sulci and gyri in humans and nonhuman primates. Orbitofrontal gyri include the medial, lateral, anterior and posterior orbital gyri, ... More


From associations to expectancies: orbitofrontal cortex as gateway between the limbic system and representational memory

Matthew Roesch and Geoffrey Schoenbaum

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the role of the rodent orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in the control of associative information and its application to govern behavior. Recent findings support a critical role for ... More


Plasticity in Adult M1 Cortex During Motor Skill Learning

Julien Doyon and Leslie G. Ungerleider

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the results of a large body of studies that examined the cerebral plasticity in the primary motor cortex (M1) using neurophysiological approaches in monkeys and rodents, or ... More


The Evolutionary History and a Systematic Revision of Woodrats of the Neotoma lepida Group

James Patton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098664
eISBN:
9780520942592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098664.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book details the evolutionary history of the desert woodrat complex (lepida group, genus Neotoma) of western North America. The analyses include standard multivariate morphometrics of museum ... More


Grooming

J. Wayne Aldridge

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses grooming in rats. Topics covered include implications of syntactical grooming for nervous system function, neural substrates for coding of grooming syntax, and role of dopamine ... More


Neural Bases of Actions and Habits

John P. O’Doherty and Bernard W. Balleine

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Considerable evidence suggests that the behavioral mechanisms for instrumental action selection are mediated by two distinct learning processes: a goal-directed process whereby actions are selected ... More


Death Caps and Muscle Wasters

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Few mushroom species are regarded as poisonous, but there are cases of serious illness and lethal poisoning caused by nominally edible species. These include muscle wasting, and eventual heart ... More


Sex Differences in Cognitive Function in Rodents

Victoria Luine and Gary Dohanich

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Qualitative sexual dimorphisms in cognition and behavior may afford each sex with the requisite tools that provide an edge for their mutual survival and for the survival of their progeny. This ... More


Prenatal Nicotine Exposure and Animal Behavior

Brenda M. Elliott and Neil E. Grunberg

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses knowledge gained from studies of the effects of prenatal nicotine and tobacco exposure on the behavior and development of the offspring. It focuses on rodents because most ... More


Memory and epilepsy in nonhuman animals

Pierre-Pascal J. Lenck-Santini and Gregory L. Holmes

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews neurophysiological studies of the effects of seizures on cognition in nonhuman animals. Animal models have contributed extensively to our understanding of the consequences of ... More


When a Patient is Dying: First published in Nursing Times (13 November 1959), pp. 1129–30.

Cicely Saunders

in Cicely Saunders: Selected Writings 1958-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570530
eISBN:
9780191730412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570530.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

It is not so much death itself as the actual process of dying that most men fear — but the reality when it comes is almost always painless and peaceful. Mental and physical pains usually recede ... More


Arvicoline Rodents from Porcupine Cave: Identification, Spatial Distribution, Taxonomic Assemblages, and Biochronologic Significance

Christopher J. Bell, Charles A. Repenning, and Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The arvicolines are a taxonomically diverse assemblage of rodents that includes voles, lemmings, and muskrats and their extinct kin. This chapter presents a summary of the fossil arvicoline rodent ... More


Pest Control

Troy A. Pierce and Robert J. Geller

in Safe and Healthy School Environments

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179477
eISBN:
9780199864638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Insects, rodents, and other animals frequently cohabit indoor and outdoor human settings. They become pests when they put human health or property at risk. This chapter provides an overview of the ... More


Learning

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

After some introductory remarks and an exposition of the general features of learning, associative and conditioned learning are introduced. Next, the difficult issue of learning casual relations is ... More


How does path integration interact with olfaction, vision, and the representation of space?

Ariane S. Etienne

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines how path integration acts in concert with other navigational processes. It specifically investigates the interplay between motion cues and other sensory cues. It then turns to ... More


Place cells: a framework for episodic memory?

Emma R. Wood

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter explores whether hippocampal place cells in rodents have properties that might be consistent with a role for the hippocampus in episodic or ‘episodic-like’ memory. It then discusses ... More


The Trans-Atlantic Movement of the Spirochete Borrelia garinii: The Role of Ticks and Their Seabird Hosts

Sabir Bin Muzaffar, Robert P. Smith, Ian L. Jones, Jennifer Lavers, Eleanor H. Lacombe, Bruce K. Cahill, Charles B. Lubelczyk, and Peter W. Rand

in Emerging Avian Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520272378
eISBN:
9780520952201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272378.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The spirochete Borrelia garinii, one of three genospecies of B. burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burdorferi s.l.) that can cause Lyme disease in humans, has recently been isolated from seabirds from a ... More


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