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 Applications

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter illustrates how the theory of repeated games with imperfect public monitoring can be used in economic applications. It examines collusion in oligopoly with imperfectly monitored demand, ... More


 Applications

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter illustrates how the theory of repeated games with perfect monitoring can be used in economic applications. It examines collusion and price wars in oligopolistic industries subject to ... More


Theories of Sharecropping

Nirvikar Singh

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Surveys the theoretical literature on the rationale of sharecropping, with special emphasis on the roles of risk‐sharing, incentive provision, wealth constraints, and screening in an environment of ... More


Agricultural Institutions for Insurance and Stabilization

David M. Newbery

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Gives an overview of the institutional implications of the economic theory of risk and associated market failures.


Targeting and Informal Insurance

Ethan Ligon

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides a cardinal measure of risk consistent with the ordinal notion of risk developed by Rothschild and Stiglitz (1970). It presents a simple method for decomposing this measure of ... More


Regional and Global Financial Integration in East Asia 1

Soyoung Kim, Jong‐Wha Lee, and Kwanho Shin

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter assesses the progress of regional and global financial integration in East Asia. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 7.2 analyzes the data on geographical distribution of ... More


Food Aid and Informal Insurance

Stefan Dercon and Pramila Krishnan

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food aid distribution in rural Ethiopia was investigated to determine allocation rules and the impact of aid on household consumption. The targeting of food aid was sensitive to income within ... More


Consumption Smoothing Across Space: Testing Theories of Risk-Sharing in the ICRISAT Study Region of South India

Jonathan Morduch

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The risk-sharing and insurance strategies used by rural households to smooth consumption are investigated, using data from the ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid ... More


Managing Risks to National Economies: The Role of Macro Markets

Robert J. Shiller

in The New Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179972
eISBN:
9780199850709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179972.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter proposes a system for providing substantial foreign aid to countries that have suffered most in their economic progress. It considers how risk-sharing agreements between governments ... More


Insurance Against Poverty

Stefan Dercon (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book presents research on the relationship between risk and poverty in developing countries. It explores risks and shocks affecting the poor, the risk-coping mechanisms they use, the measurement ... More


Risk Sharing with the Monarch

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the role of contingent scenarios and nature of the defaults. Over the last 800 years, many periods of debt accumulation have been followed by default. Despite these disruptions, ... More


Social Security and the Capital Market

Peter A. Diamond

in Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247899
eISBN:
9780191697692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247899.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the impact of social security on the capital market particularly on aggregate capital stock and in allocating risks. There are two important elements in adapting to ... More


Developing Comprehensive, Enabling Welfare States for Offensive Experimentalist Business Practices

Peer Hull Kristensen

in Nordic Capitalisms and Globalization: New Forms of Economic Organization and Welfare Institutions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594535
eISBN:
9780191724909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594535.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter summarizes what characterizes an enabling welfare state, identifies its core institutions and how it makes possible distinctive business strategies based on highly autonomous forms of ... More


Redistribution and Risk Sharing

Nicholas Barr and Peter Diamond

in Reforming Pensions: Principles and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311303
eISBN:
9780199893461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311303.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Pension systems have powerful redistributive effects, which may or may not be intended and may or may not be desirable. They can redistribute within a generation. Pension systems can also ... More


Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Robert J. Shiller

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This book, which is part of the distinguished Clarendon Lectures in Economics series, puts forward a unique and authoritative set of detailed proposals for establishing new markets for the management ... More


Risk and Insurance in an Agricultural Economy

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter first characterizes Pareto‐efficient allocation of risk within a community. A discussion of the documented existence of ex post insurance mechanisms within communities in less developed ... More


Risk-Sharing and Endogenous Network Formation

Joachim De Weerdt

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A method is developed for analysing the determinants of network formation. The unit of analysis will be the dyad, a pair of households. Application of the method to data on a small Haya village in ... More


Some Aspects of Linked Product and Credit Market Contracts Among Risk‐Neutral Agents

Clive Bell and T. N. Srinivasan

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The authors explore, in a principal‐agent model of interlinking of production credit and crop marketing, the terms of equilibrium contracts under risk neutrality; in particular, they examine the ... More


Macroeconomics and Microeconomics

Angus Deaton

in Understanding Consumption

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288244
eISBN:
9780191596131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288247.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Reviews the large econometric literature that uses micro data to test the theory of intertemporal allocations and finds it inconclusive. The empirical work that is reviewed focuses on the permanent ... More


Experimenting with Risk

Daromir Rudnyckyj

in Beyond Debt: Islamic Experiments in Global Finance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551920
eISBN:
9780226552118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226552118.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the question of what kind of alternative Islamic finance offers to its conventional counterpart. The chapter compares what experts called "debt based" Islamic finance with the ... More


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