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The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Designing Risk Communication in Health

Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explores how the representation of statistical information affects the understanding of risks and uncertainties in medical contexts. Using mammography screening as a prime example, it is ... More


How Should Market Infrastructure Institution Governance Be Regulated?

Ruben Lee

in Running the World's Markets: The Governance of Financial Infrastructure

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133539
eISBN:
9781400836970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133539.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter explores what regulatory intervention in the governance of market infrastructure institutions is optimal. Attention is focused on how such intervention can enhance the realization of the ... More


Japan’s Megadisaster Challenges: Crisis Management in the Modern Era

William J. Siembieda and Haruo Hayashi

in Japan: The Precarious Future

Published in print:
1953
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479889389
eISBN:
9781479830893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

For many decades Japan has invested in natural science and engineering to prepare for all types of disasters. Based on the disaster experiences of the Kobe and the Great East Japan Earthquakes, it is ... More


Non-zero risk in the real world

NEIL F. JOHNSON, PAUL JEFFERIES, and PAK MING HUI

in Financial Market Complexity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526650
eISBN:
9780191712104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526650.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 2 looked at how an investor might use derivatives to manage risk. In order for the Black–Scholes pricing theory to work, several major assumptions were made about how financial markets ... More


Extending Violence Reduction Principles to Justice-Involved Persons With Mental Illness

John Monahan and Henry J. Steadman

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0063
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines whether—and, if so, how—principles of violence risk reduction can be extended to justice-involved persons who have a serious mental illness. It focuses on interventions that ... More


Biological, behavioural and pyschological outcome measures

Frances M. Cowan and Mary Plummer

in Effective Sexual Health Interventions: Issues in Experimental Evaluation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508496
eISBN:
9780191723797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508496.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the general points to consider when selecting outcomes for determining sexual risk reduction. It considers the attributes, limitations, measurement, and interpretation of ... More


Enhancing the Implementation of Risk Reduction Measures

Howard C. Kunreuther and Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan

in At War with the Weather: Managing Large-Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012829
eISBN:
9780262255431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012829.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores how risk reduction measures can mitigate losses from natural disasters and how insurance can encourage more homeowners to adopt cost-effective protective measures. After ... More


The Ultimatum Game, Fairness, and Cooperation among Big Game Hunters

Michael S. Alvard

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The Ultimatum Game was played with a group of traditional big game hunters: the Lamalera whalers of Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, whose community is described in the first section of the chapter. The ... More


Futility of Nuclear Weapons Risk Management in a Consensual Regime

Jack I. Garvey

in Nuclear Weapons Counterproliferation: A New Grand Bargain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199841271
eISBN:
9780199332649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841271.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The present capabilities and limitations of counterproliferation are dependent on the voluntary adherence of governments to the different agreements and structures that are its components. These ... More


Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform

Martin Feldstein (ed.)

in Social Security Policy in a Changing Environment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226076485
eISBN:
9780226076508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076508.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents a new market-based approach to reducing the risk of investment-based Social Security that could be tailored to individual risk preferences. With this new form of risk reduction, ... More


Protecting the Airlines

John Mueller and Mark G. Stewart

in Terror, Security, and Money: Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199795758
eISBN:
9780190252571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795758.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on airline security, including a comparison of the risk reduction potentially supplied by such security measures as adding air marshals and hardening cockpit doors. It concludes ... More


Risk

in ‘Merely for Money’?: Business Culture in the British Atlantic, 1750–1815

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846318177
eISBN:
9781846317729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317729.004
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter investigates how British Atlantic merchants conceived and managed various kinds of risks, whether natural, moral or technical. It considers the socio-cultural construction of risk and ... More


The Politics and Economics of the U.S. Crop Insurance Program

Bruce A. Babcock

in The Intended and Unintended Effects of U.S. Agricultural and Biotechnology Policies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226988030
eISBN:
9780226988061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226988061.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The demand for crop insurance is motivated by both expected returns and risk reduction. This chapter presents estimates of demand for crop insurance that isolate the demand for risk reduction from ... More


Working with young people in a culture of public protection

Mike Nash

in Young people and 'risk'

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter aims to: first, establish if there is such thing as a culture of public protection and, second, to determine if this can pose an implication on the working practices of those involved in ... More


Defining the Problem: Begging bowls and benefactors

Daniel J. Clarke and Stefan Dercon

in Dull Disasters?: How planning ahead will make a difference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198785576
eISBN:
9780191827440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785576.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The post-disaster relationships between national and subnational governments, government and farmers, government and homeowners, and government and the international humanitarian system often take ... More


Default Risk Sharing between Banks and Markets: The Contribution of Collateralized Debt Obligations

Günter Franke and Jan Pieter Krahnen

in The Risks of Financial Institutions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092850
eISBN:
9780226092980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092980.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents evidence that European securitizations increase the systematic risk exposure of sponsoring banks. The default losses of the securitized portfolio largely remain on the books of ... More


Moving forward…

Daniel J. Clarke and Stefan Dercon

in Dull Disasters?: How planning ahead will make a difference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198785576
eISBN:
9780191827440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785576.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Discretionary begging-bowl financing does not work well for disasters—it is too slow, leads to a fragmented response, and encourages underinvestment in risk reduction and preparedness. To get around ... More


Instrumental Justifications

Zachary Hoskins

in Beyond Punishment?: A Normative Account of the Collateral Legal Consequences of Conviction

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199389230
eISBN:
9780199389254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199389230.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the instrumental case for collateral legal consequences (CLCs). CLCs are commonly defended as risk-reductive measures. The chapter proposes several considerations relevant to ... More


Introduction

Peter Goldmark

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0035
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter introduces the panel entitled “Reducing Climate Risk” by discussing three trends that are driving our reaction to climate risk as they unfold. First, we have begun the transition to the ... More


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