Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-7 of 7 items

  • Keywords: risk ratio x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Evaluation of Risks, Decision Making, and Outcomes

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Few people conduct a truly thorough and thoughtful evaluation of the evidence before they make a health-related decision. This chapter describes and evaluates strategies for making decisions based on ... More


Measures of Association

Daniel Westreich

in Epidemiology by Design: A Causal Approach to the Health Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190665760
eISBN:
9780190665791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190665760.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the measures of contrast between two groups within the study population. Whereas in Chapter 1 the researcher might describe the total number of cases of a disease in a large ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


Assessing Evidence

Christa Teston

in Bodies in Flux: Scientific Methods for Negotiating Medical Uncertainty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226450520
eISBN:
9780226450834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450834.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During FDA hearings, participants deliberate about the risks and benefits associated with new pharmaceutical interventions. But when drugs are on trial, competing evidences collide. To unearth how ... More


Sham surgery: An ethical analysis

Frankling G. Miller

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ethics of sham surgery by focusing on a published report of a sham-controlled trial of arthroscopic surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee. From a methodological ... More


Unjust Schools: Why the Origins of the Achievement Gap Matter

Derrick Darby and John L. Rury

in The Color of Mind: Why the Origins of the Achievement Gap Matter for Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226525211
eISBN:
9780226525495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226525495.003.0010
Subject:
Education, History of Education

This chapter completes our argument for why school sorting practices are unjust, and outlines the steps that school leaders can take to undo them, and to ensure that the dignity of all children is ... More


Psychiatric symptom–provoking studies: An ethical appraisal

Donald L. Rosenstein

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines ethical concerns posed by one form of psychiatric research, the “challenge study,” whereby investigators administer a psychopharmacological agent or psychological challenge ... More


View: