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Social Risks and Welfare States

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter and the previous one revisit the political economy within which post‐war welfare regimes emerged, matured, and, now appear crisis‐ridden. Here, an analysis is made of social risks and ... More


Agricultural Institutions for Insurance and Stabilization

David M. Newbery

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Gives an overview of the institutional implications of the economic theory of risk and associated market failures.


Mitigating the Risks of Investing in Developing Countries: Currency-Related Guarantee Instruments for Infrastructure Projects

Inge Kaul and Pedro Conceiçāo

in The New Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179972
eISBN:
9780199850709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179972.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines how public investment guarantees can facilitate infrastructure investment in developing countries, focusing on guarantee by multilateral and bilateral agencies to debt investors ... More


Location Decisions of Firms and Social Interactions

Yannis M. Ioannides

in From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of social interactions on firms' location decisions, focusing on the effects of proximity to other firms, the size of the total urban economy, the availability of a ... More


Choosing the Type of Income-Contingent Loan:: Risk-Sharing versus Risk-Pooling

Elena Del Rey and María Racionero

in The Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled: Implications for Education Financing and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028172
eISBN:
9780262326018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028172.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter provides a formal model that complements the discussion conducted in Chapter 7. It analyzes the choice between risk-sharing and risk-pooling income-contingent loans for higher education ... More


Insurance and the Law of Obligations

Rob Merkin and Jenny Steele

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199645749
eISBN:
9780191747823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645749.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Aims to fill a significant gap in the general understanding of the law of obligations, by focusing on the place of insurance within it. Argues that the majority of academic obligations lawyers have ... More


Traditional Systems of Social Security and Hunger Insurance: Past Achievements and Modern Challenges

Jean-Philippe Platteau

in Social Security in Developing Countries

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198233008
eISBN:
9780191678967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter attempts to assess broadly the performance of traditional systems of social security as they exist or have existed in Third World village societies. It pursues the three following ... More


What Is the Future of the Defined Contribution Paradigm?

Edward A. Zelinsky

in The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

In the private sector, the expansion of the individual account paradigm will continue in the years ahead without significant controversy or impediment. In contrast, there will be increasing ... More


Religious Patterns

Jenny Trinitapoli and Alexander Weinreb

in Religion and AIDS in Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195335941
eISBN:
9780199979080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335941.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes religious patterns in HIV prevalence across Africa. First, it shows that at the individual-level, whether across or within countries, there are no consistent differences in HIV ... More


How to Guard against the Risk of Living Too Long: The Case for Collective Pensions

Michael Otsuka

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198801221
eISBN:
9780191840272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801221.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter provides a defense of a type of occupational pension, known as “collective defined contribution” (CDC), which is based on the idea that it is possible to limit the employer’s liability ... More


Insurance

Craig Churchill and Lauren Peterson

in New Frontiers of Philanthropy: A Guide to the New Tools and New Actors that Are Reshaping Global Philanthropy and Social Investing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199357543
eISBN:
9780199381425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357543.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Low-income households are disproportionately vulnerable to risks and economic shocks. Although these households often have informal means to manage risks, their coping strategies generally provide ... More


The Benefits of Cooperation

Joseph Heath

in Morality, Competition, and the Firm: The Market Failures Approach to Business Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199990481
eISBN:
9780190267704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199990481.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the nature and functions of social institutions. It highlights the dominant idea in social contract theory that their primary function is to secure some form of cooperative ... More


Insuring More, Ensuring Less: The Costs and Benefits of Private Regulation Through Insurance

Carol A. Heimer

in Embracing Risk: The Changing Culture of Insurance and Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226035185
eISBN:
9780226035178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226035178.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter investigates the institutional and distributional consequences of insurance as a technology for managing risk (not simply spreading it). Using the language of economic sociology, the ... More


Insuring Against Risk: Analysis of Insurance Policies and the Perception of Risk in Atlantic World Trade

Jeremy Baskes

in Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.003.0008
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Insurance was an essential element of long-distance merchants' strategies of risk management. Analyzing nearly eight hundred insurance policies dating from the years 1759 to 1818, Chapter 8 provides ... More


Plan Across Borders

Alice C. Hill

in The Fight for Climate after COVID-19

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197549704
eISBN:
9780197549735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197549704.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter looks at promising regional cooperation efforts to de-escalate tensions heightened by climate change. Tackling problems like pandemics or climate change within the framework of ... More


Does Private Governance Work in the Most Complex Markets?: Successful Risk Management on Wall Street Even in the Wake of the 2008 Economic Downturn

Edward Peter Stringham

in Private Governance: Creating Order in Economic and Social Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199365166
eISBN:
9780199366132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199365166.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Many advanced financial instruments are created because even the best courts are imperfect. Even if lenders cannot recover money from insolvent borrowers, default becomes less of a problem when ... More


Find Better Ways to Pay for Resilience

Hill and

in Building a Resilient Tomorrow: How to Prepare for the Coming Climate Disruption

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190909345
eISBN:
9780190069247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909345.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Even for the largest economy in the world, ever-larger climate bailouts are not a responsible solution to confronting present and future climate impacts. Governments everywhere, including in the ... More


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