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Risk and Risk Regulation

Lukasz Gruszczynski

in Regulating Health and Environmental Risks under WTO Law: A Critical Analysis of the SPS Agreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578924
eISBN:
9780191722646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578924.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter offers a general discussion on risk and methods of its regulation. After a brief review of different definitions of risk, including technical and psychological perspectives, it briefly ... More


Communication About Persistent Environmental Risks: Problems of Knowledge Exchange and Potential of Participative Techniques

Sara Fuller, Karen Bickerstaff, Fu-Meng Khaw, and Sarah Curtis

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.17
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews research on the potential for knowledge exchange and participative approaches in making risk communication more effective. It focuses particularly on examples of communication ... More


Exploring and Communicating Risk: Scenario-Based Workshops

Simon French and John Maule

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.19
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The first edition of this book reported the authors' work in the Department of Health on developing a series of research-led training seminars for senior health services personnel to improve their ... More


The Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF): Theory, Critiques, and Policy Implications

Nick Pidgeon and Karen Henwood

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the social amplification of risk framework (SARF) proposed by Kasperson et al. (1988). Their thesis is that certain aspects of hazard events and their portrayal in mediated ... More


Risk Communication and Public Health

Peter Bennett, Kenneth Calman, Sarah Curtis, and Denis Fischbacher-Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Controversies about risks to public health regularly hit the news, whether about food safety, environmental issues, medical interventions, or ‘lifestyle’ risks such as drinking. To those trying to ... More


Understanding Public Responses to Risk: Policy and Practice

Peter Bennett, Kenneth Calman, Sarah Curtis, and Denis Fischbacher-Smith

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Significant progress has been made in understanding the various responses to risk, and their implications for communication and conflict resolution. The precursor to the current volume (Bennett & ... More


Designing Risk Communication in Health

Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explores how the representation of statistical information affects the understanding of risks and uncertainties in medical contexts. Using mammography screening as a prime example, it is ... More


Bringing Light to the Shadows and Shadows to the Light: Risk, Risk Management, and Risk Communication

Denis Fischbacher-Smith, Alan Irwin, and Moira Fischbacher-Smith

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The core premise of this chapter is that the manner in which risk-based information is constructed, tested, communicated, and validated is a multidimensional and multi-channel process. The ‘shadows’ ... More


Cancer Risk Communication and Comprehension

KAREN M. EMMONS, CARA CUITE, and ERIKA WATERS

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0069
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a summary of key issues that must be considered in risk communication. There has been a long-standing effort to improve patient understanding of the risks and benefits of ... More


Risk Communication and Pandemic Influenza

Judith Petts, Heather Draper, Jonathan Ives, and Sarah Damery

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines a risk scenario that could form one of the most significant communication challenges both nationally and globally: an influenza pandemic. A pandemic occurs when a new influenza ... More


Changes to Food Risk Management and Communication

Sue Davies

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.14
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses changes in food risk management and communication. In the aftermath of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and a series of food poisoning outbreaks, a new UK Food Standards ... More


THE CONTINUUM OF INTERVENTIONS II: Interventions for Extreme Stress

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Extreme stress strains and depletes all human beings. Stress and trauma interventions aims to maintain, repair, or restore well-being of people by supporting their resilience and offering additional ... More


Communicating Risk Across Publics and Between Organizations: The Case of Childhood Accidents

Moira Fischbacher-Smith

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by considering the nature of the public at whom health promotion is targeted, and illustrates the issues in relation to one particular area of risk: unintentional injuries. It ... More


Embedding Better Practice in Risk Communication and Public Health

Peter Bennett, Kenneth Calman, Sarah Curtis, and Denis Fischbacher-Smith

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.20
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the authors. This book has sought to address a range of issues facing risk communication around a broad spectrum of public health concerns. At the ... More


Where Do We Go From Here? The Evacuation of City Centres and the Communication of Public Health Risk From Extreme Threats

Denis Fischbacher-Smith, Moira Fischbacher-Smith, and David BaMaung

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Several elements of terrorist attacks fall within the remit of public health medicine, including mass casualties requiring treatment, information regarding hazard exposure, maintenance of medical ... More


CJD: Risk Communication in a Healthcare Setting

David Pryer and Patricia Hewitt

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is an incurable and ultimately fatal degenerative neurological disease. Sporadic (or ‘classical’) CJD appears across the globe, though fortunately it is very rare. In ... More


Radiation in London: Managing Risk Communication in the Litvinenko Affair

Pat Troop and Anton Dittner

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses risk communication during the incident involving Alexander Litvinenko, who died on 23 November 2006 from a massive dose of Polonium-210 (Po-210). The primary responsibility for ... More


Geographical Information Systems as a Means for Communicating About Public Health

Christine E. Dunn

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.18
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Recent years have witnessed an upsurge in interest in techniques for analysing spatially referenced data; not least in this expansion has been the development of geographical information systems ... More


Public and patient involvement in health and health care

Kenneth C. Calman

in The Potential for Health

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629449
eISBN:
9780191723674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629449.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter emphasises the importance of the public and patients in changing health and health care, and recognises the special role of women. It identifies the relevance of such involvement, and ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Doctors

Odette Wegwarth and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In most psychological, legal, and medical research, patients are assumed to have difficulties with health statistics but clinicians not. Doctors may be said to pay insufficient attention to their ... More


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