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Risk-Taking, Antisocial Behavior, and Life Histories

Sandeep Mishra and Martin L. LalumiÈre

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the ultimate causes of risk-taking and anti-social behavior. It begins by describing three general developmental pathways to anti-social tendencies. It then introduces life ... More


Authentic Self-Expression: Gender, Ethnicity, and Culture

Anjoo Sikka, Linda (Gratch) Vaden-Goad, and Lisa K. Waldner

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the portability of the self-silencing construct across a range of contexts and cultures. The authors present findings from their studies investigating correlations between ... More


Trends in Hong Kong and Macao and other Chinese communities

Albert Lee

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Obesity prevalence amongst children is rising virtually in all countries with acceleration since 1990. In the USA, obesity prevalence in children has increased from around 5% in 1963 to 1970 to 17% ... More


Developing HIV Behavioral Interventions for Men Who Have Sex with Men: Comparing Experiences from the United States and Australia

Mary Spink Neumann, Jeffrey H. Herbst, and Carolyn A. Guenther-Grey

in AIDS, Culture, and Gay Men

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034317
eISBN:
9780813039312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034317.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

The histories of the AIDS epidemic in the United States and Australia started similarly, with HIV infection concentrated among men who have sex with men (MSM). Gay communities in both countries ... More


Surveillance for Determinants of Population Health

Roy Gibson Parrish, Sharon M. McDonnell, and Patrick L. Remington

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the application of specific principles to the practice of surveillance of health determinants, including risk behaviors, exposures, and social determinants of health. It ... More


Who Will Catch Me If I Fall? Health and the Infrastructure of Risk for Urban Young Iranians

Pards Mahdavi

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter provides an anthropological survey of high-risk behavior among the contemporary Iranian youth, focusing on high-risk sexual activity and opiate use. It argues that while preliminary ... More


Summing It Up

Joy G. Dryfoos and Carol Barkin

in Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179613
eISBN:
9780199847358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179613.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

What is it like growing up in the 21st century? Young people live in very different circumstances because of their families' social and economic status, their race, and their luck. Those who are ... More


Religious Faith and Emerging Adult Life Outcomes

Christian Smith

in Souls in Transition: The Religious Lives of Emerging Adults in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371796
eISBN:
9780199870899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371796.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores possible differences in the life outcomes of emerging adults that appear to result from their different religious backgrounds, beliefs, commitments, and practices. Various ... More


Childhood Sexual Abuse and HIV among Latino Gay Men: The Price of Sexual Silence during the AIDS Epidemic

Sonya Grant Arreola

in Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246140
eISBN:
9780520939141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246140.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Empirical data proves that Latino gay men comprise one of the most vulnerable groups in the United States for transmission of HIV. As a category, they are more likely to contract HIV than white gay ... More


The Relationship Between Neighborhood Risk and Adolescent Health-Risk Behaviors: A Focus on Adolescent Depressive Symptoms

Sharon F. Lambert, Crystal L. Barksdale, and Von E. Nebbitt

in Adolescents in Public Housing: Addressing Psychological and Behavioral Health

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231148580
eISBN:
9780231519960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231148580.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Ecological models highlight the significance of the neighborhood context for understanding youth health outcomes. However, only recently has empirical research examined which aspects of the ... More


Young people's perceptions of ‘risk’

Jenni Ward and Mariana Bayley

in Growing up with risk

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347329
eISBN:
9781447302469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347329.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines the way young people conceive of risk and what they view as the most relevant factors in their lives in terms of risk. It draws on evidence from a series of focus-group ... More


Safe Sex among Men: Condoms, Promiscuity, and HIV

Tiantian Zheng

in Tongzhi Living: Men Attracted to Men in Postsocialist China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816691999
eISBN:
9781452952499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691999.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 7 explores popular sexual practices among tongzhi, including group sex, threesomes, and one-night stands, and the ways in which political, social, and cultural factors play a critical role in ... More


Factors That Influence Ivorian Women's Risk Perception of STIs and HIV

Kim Longfield

in AIDS, Culture, and Africa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032535
eISBN:
9780813039305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032535.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter examines the Côte d'Ivoire women's risk perception of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). The findings reveal the influence of sexual partners and relationship dynamics ... More


In Our Own Backyard: HIV/AIDS Stigmatization in the Latino Gay Community

Rafael M. Díaz

in Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246140
eISBN:
9780520939141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246140.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Recent increases in sexual risk behavior and the consequent rise in new HIV infections among gay men during the last few years have been attributed mostly to the impact of new HIV medications, that ... More


Epilogue

Giovanni Piersanti

in The Macroeconomic Theory of Exchange Rate Crises

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653126
eISBN:
9780191741210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653126.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter concludes the book and discusses some hotly debated issues in crises prevention, with special emphasis on the role of assets prices movements and the optimal choice of an exchange rate ... More


Making of a Teenage Service Class: Poverty and Mobility in an American City

Ranita Ray

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520292055
eISBN:
9780520965614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292055.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Stereotypes of economically marginalized black and brown youth focus on drugs, gangs, violence, and teen pregnancy. Common wisdom posits that targeting these “risk behaviors” is key to breaking the ... More


Culture in and of HIV/AIDS Risk Management in India

Ajay Bailey

in India's Risks: Democratizing the Management of Threats to Environment, Health, and Values

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199450459
eISBN:
9780199083084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450459.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter employs an organizing framework drawn from anthropology to examine the ‘culture of’ and the ‘culture in’ HIV/AIDS. Building on a case study in Goa, this chapter first looks at the ... More


School-Age Children: Getting a Chance

Jody Heymann

in Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335248
eISBN:
9780199851362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335248.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes school-age children, the care they lack, and the care-giving gaps they are forced to fill when no one else is available. Families globally who were caring for elementary-school ... More


Analytics of Asset Bubbles

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Speculators choose ex ante where to invest and cannot easily switch later. This implies that a group of similar investors ends up holding an asset, and when they are hit by a shock, there is no ... More


Applied Research on Cultural Models

Giovanni Bennardo and Victor C. de Munck

in Cultural Models: Genesis, Methods, and Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199908042
eISBN:
9780199369706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199908042.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A survey of the multiple ways cultural models are employed in applied research are surveyed, the focus is on rapid assessment procedures (RAP) and its variants, participatory and community ... More


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