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Preliminaries

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter characterizes essentialism, and distinguishes essentialism about individuals from essentialism about natural kinds, arguing that the first does, but the second need not, involve de re ... More


Names, Nomological Objects and Quasets

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a broad discussion of the use of names in science and their role in physical theories. The philosophy of names is outlined, covering the ‘Descriptivist’, ‘Non-descriptivist’, ... More


Rigid Designation and Its Lessons for the Semantic Contents of Proper Names

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The chapter explains the idea that names are rigid designators, and how it is used in Kripke's modal argument against the view that names are synonymous with descriptions associated with them by ... More


Identity and Necessity

Saul A. Kripke

in Philosophical Troubles: Collected Papers, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730155
eISBN:
9780199918430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730155.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A problem which has arisen frequently in contemporary philosophy is: “How are contingent identity statements possible?” This question is phrased by analogy with the way Kant phrased his question “How ... More


The Contingent A Priori and Rigid Designators

Keith Donnellan, Joseph Almog, and Paolo Leonardi

in Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199857999
eISBN:
9780190267667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199857999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter talks about the contingent a priori and rigid designators. A rigid designator is a term that picks out the same thing in all possible worlds in which that thing exists. As a consequence ... More


The Various Kinds of Concepts and the Idea of a Mental Language

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Common representational content allows the Buridanian classification of human concepts discussed in the fourth chapter, which provides the first thoroughgoing, systematic survey of Buridan’s ... More


Partially Descriptive Names

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Ch. 5 discusses a rich and varied class of linguistically complex phrases, called partially descriptive names. These expressions display many of the most important features of simple proper names, ... More


God’s Necessity

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians often claim that God exists necessarily, so that his (alleged) existence does not need an explanation. Various notions of necessity are analysed in order to determine in which ... More


Proper Names and Types of Reference Acts

Peter Hanks

in Propositional Content

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199684892
eISBN:
9780191765179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684892.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the concept of a semantic reference type and use it to give an account of the semantic contents of proper names. The resulting theory is neither Millian ... More


The Semantics of Singular Terms

Brian Loar

in Consciousness and Meaning: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199673353
eISBN:
9780191758935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673353.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Beginning with the Gricean assumptions that “semantical theory is part of the psychology of communication” and that “the sentences of a language form a system of conventional devices for making known ... More


October 30, 1973

Saul A. Kripke

in Reference and Existence: The John Locke Lectures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199928385
eISBN:
9780199332953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928385.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Russell famously argued that existence is a second-level concept, applying exclusively to properties. Of course, singular existence claims are ubiquitous and apparently fully intelligible, but this ... More


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