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Human Rights: Setting the Global Minimum

David Miller

in National Responsibility and Global Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235056
eISBN:
9780191715792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235056.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines the global minimum that people everywhere can claim as a matter of justice, and proposes that this should be understood as respect and protection for their basic human rights. ... More


Inequality and Punishment: The Idiosyncrasies of the Political Economy of Punishment

Susanne Karstedt

in Tracing the Relationship between Inequality, Crime and Punishment: Space, Time and Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197266922
eISBN:
9780191938184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266922.003.0002
Subject:
Law

Prisons across the globe are manifestations of inequality. In any society, its most marginalised groups are overrepresented in prisons and all institutions of criminal justice. Notwithstanding this ... More


The Development of International Human Rights Law

DINAH SHELTON

in Remedies in International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207534
eISBN:
9780191708794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207534.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The obligation to provide effective remedies is an essential component of international human rights law. A state that fails to protect fully individuals against human rights violations or that ... More


The Role of International Actors in National Accountability Processes

Naomi Roht‐Arriaza

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The response of an incoming government to past crimes and gross violations of human rights depends primarily on a combination of domestic political, military and socioeconomic factors. However, ... More


Constraining Rights and the Value of Status

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examine the question of whether it is morally permissible to treat people in ways ruled out by the Principle of Permissible Harm (PPH; this was introduced in Ch. 7 and provides an account of certain ... More


Introduction

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduction is given to the subject (and structure) of the book: the analysis of Uruguayan and Chilean attempts to resolve the human rights’ violation conflicts inherited from military-state ... More


Contexts

Emilie M. Hafner-Burton

in Making Human Rights a Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155357
eISBN:
9781400846283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155357.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the contexts that lead to abuse—that is, the various settings that allow or even encourage human rights abuses. In particular, it discusses six factors that are most strongly ... More


Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book analyses the Uruguayan and Chilean experiences with the transitional politics of truth and justice regarding past human rights violations. These policies are shaped by the legacy of ... More


Reconciliation: An Ethic for Peacebuilding

John Paul Lederach and R. Scott Appleby

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the applicability of a political ethic of reconciliation to cases of gross human rights violations and past political injustices, drawing on reconciliation’s central ... More


The Jurisdiction of International Institutions and Tribunals

DINAH SHELTON

in Remedies in International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207534
eISBN:
9780191708794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207534.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter considers the jurisdiction and competence of the various international institutions and tribunals to afford redress with respect to human rights. Close to a dozen international ... More


Transitional Justice Through Reparation

PAUL CHRISTOPH BORNKAMM

in Rwanda's Gacaca Courts: Between Retribution and Reparation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694471
eISBN:
9780191738326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694471.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The issue of reparation for the violation of individual rights appeared on the agenda of the UN human rights bodies some twenty years ago. Since then, it has been closely linked to the field of ... More


Sample Application to Petition a Human Rights Treaty Body

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0031
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Various treaty-based bodies of the United Nations Human Rights System offer avenues of communication through which individuals or groups of individuals, who claim to be victims of human rights ... More


Repression and the Discourse of Human-Rights Violations in the Southern Cone

LUIS RONIGER and MARIO SZNAJDER

in The Legacy of Human-Rights Violations in the Southern Cone: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296157
eISBN:
9780191685200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296157.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the democratic breakdowns in the 1970s; the subsequent patterns of repression under authoritarian rule in Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile; and the discourse of human rights ... More


National Legal Orders

ANDREW CLAPHAM

in Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199288465
eISBN:
9780191707681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288465.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter looks at how different national legal orders tackle the question of holding non-state actors accountable for human rights violations. The key jurisdictions under examination are: the UK, ... More


Introduction

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Three main themes emerge from this edited collection. First, there has been an increased incidence of intervention for humanitarian purposes since the end of the Cold War. In these cases, the alleged ... More


Remedies in International Human Rights Law

Dinah Shelton

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207534
eISBN:
9780191708794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207534.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book provides a comprehensive treatment of remedies for human rights violations and reviews the jurisprudence of international tribunals on these violations. It provides a theoretical framework ... More


The culture of violence: Child Soldiers, Slavery, and the Trafficking of Children

Susan Tiefenbrun

in Decoding International Law: Semiotics and the Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195385779
eISBN:
9780199776061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385779.003.010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the development of a culture of violence in many parts of the world, especially Africa, which has given rise to genocide, mass violence, and child soldiering. Child soldiering ... More


The Worldwide Movement

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explores thousands of other organizations, aside from Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, that are also active in the human rights movement. Many of them make distinctive ... More


The Politics of Transparency and the Moral Work of Truth

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The proliferation of truth commissions and the establishment of a “right to truth” concerning human rights violations embody a politics of transparency that makes moral claims for truth telling about ... More


Responsibility of States for Violations of Human Rights and Humanitarian Norms

Theodor Meron

in Human Rights and Humanitarian Norms as Customary Law

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198257455
eISBN:
9780191681769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198257455.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the relationship between human rights and state responsibility, based on the fundamental proposition that a breach of conventional or customary human rights or humanitarian ... More


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