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Introduction: Reframing Corporate Governance: Behavioral Assumptions, Governance Mechanisms, and Institutional Dynamics

Anna Grandori

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This introductory chapter outlines the features of the new approach to CG that can be built by integrating the insights from the different contributions gathered in the book. Further specific theses ... More


The Social Contract of the Modern Welfare State

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter focuses on the intersection between the two fundamental pillars under investigation: the social contract and the welfare state. The social contract provides the normative platform for ... More


The Concept of Fundamental Legal Rights

Lorenzo Zucca

in Constitutional Dilemmas: Conflicts of Fundamental Legal Rights in Europe and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552184
eISBN:
9780191709630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552184.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter proposes a stipulative definition of fundamental legal rights that attempts to single out the most important features of those rights, which are discussed under four headings: the point, ... More


Comparative Institutional Analysis of Corporate Governance

Masahiko Aoki

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter applies a ‘comparative institutional analysis’ approach to CG. It criticizes the property right approach for being a special case, and develops a more general model of governance with ... More


Internalization: Empirical Evidence

Pol Antràs

in Global Production: Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168272
eISBN:
9781400873746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168272.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter describes how the internalization theories discussed in the previous chapters can be taken to the data. The empirical literature on this topic is still budding and has yet to provide ... More


Liberal Principles of Human Rights Interpretation

George Letsas

in A Theory of Interpretation of the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203437
eISBN:
9780191707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203437.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

This chapter looks at the work of John Rawls and Ronald Dworkin with a view to explain the idea that states can justifiably interfere with ECHR rights under the relevant limitation clauses of ... More


Pope John XXII and his Franciscan Cardinal: Bertrand de la Tour and the Apostolic Poverty Controversy

Patrick Nold

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268757
eISBN:
9780191708510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268757.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The debate over the poverty of Christ and his apostles under Pope John XXII (1316-1334) is one of the most famous intellectual controversies of the Middle Ages. The story of the uncompromising pope ... More


A Confucian Theory of Rights

Tongdong Bai

in Against Political Equality: The Confucian Case

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195995
eISBN:
9780691197463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195995.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows that some of the Confucian ideas, though apparently in conflict with some of the “democratic ideas” or ideas considered essential to rights, can be made compatible with rights. But ... More


On the Limits of Rights

Andrei Marmor

in Law in the Age of Pluralism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195338478
eISBN:
9780199855360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338478.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on one analytical conception of rights, called “The Interest Theory of Rights”. It presents two interesting conclusions that follow from it concerning the appropriate limits of ... More


The Property-Rights Approach

Pol Antràs

in Global Production: Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168272
eISBN:
9781400873746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168272.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter turns to the property-rights theory of the firm, which arguably constitutes the most compelling and influential theory of the firm explaining in a unified framework both the benefits as ... More


What Sort of a Right Is the Right to Secede?

Neera Chandhoke

in Contested Secessions: Rights, Self-determination, Democracy, and Kashmir

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077978
eISBN:
9780199080977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077978.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The argument in this chapter addresses the issue of why rights should be justified, and what the processes of such justification are. The first section of this chapter addresses this particular issue ... More


The Justification of Contractual Obligations: The Normative Question

Stephen A. Smith

in Contract Theory

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198765615
eISBN:
9780191695308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765615.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter discusses answers to the normative question: what justification, if any, exists for contract law? Most answers fall into two main categories: utilitarian theories of contract and ... More


Can Above-desert Penalties Be Justified by Competing Deontological Theories?

Richard S. Frase

in Retributivism Has a Past: Has It a Future?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199798278
eISBN:
9780199919376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199798278.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers whether, and under what circumstances, above-desert penalties can be justified under two nonconsequentialist theories: a Rawlsian account of what kinds of penalties would be ... More


Theoretical Frameworks for Analyzing the Development of Institutions in Interaction with Their Environment

Ron Harris

in Going the Distance: Eurasian Trade and the Rise of the Business Corporation, 1400-1700

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691150772
eISBN:
9780691185804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150772.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter surveys institutional and organizational theories that are used for studying the statics and dynamics of the development of institutions in interaction with their environment. It ... More


Immoral, Conflicting, and Redundant Promises

Seana Valentine Shiffrin

in Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Immoral, conflicting, and redundant promises raise important but neglected issues for any theory of promising. The paper investigates what resources expectation theories of promising, such as ... More


The Moral Claims of the Dead

T. M. Wilkinson

in Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199607860
eISBN:
9780191731747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607860.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

For what reason and to what extent should the retrieval of organs from people's dead bodies be governed by what they wanted while alive? This chapter argues that the idea of personal sovereignty ... More


Proportionality: Determining Rights

Andrew Legg

in The Margin of Appreciation in International Human Rights Law: Deference and Proportionality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650453
eISBN:
9780191741173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650453.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

An accurate understanding of the proportionality assessment in international human rights law requires recognition of the impact of factors for a margin of appreciation alongside in the ... More


Participation: The Right of Rights

Jeremy Waldron

in Law and Disagreement

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262138
eISBN:
9780191682308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262138.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter defines what William Cobbett means by ‘the right of rights’. It asks what sort of right this is and how it can be justified. How important, the chapter asks, is it in relation to other ... More


Public Rights, Private Relations

Jean Thomas

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199677733
eISBN:
9780191757259
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677733.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book develops a theoretical framework for the application of human and constitutional rights among private actors. It begins with the observation that our most fundamental interests, which are ... More


Property's Four Dimensions: Theory, Space, Stringency, and Time

Laura S. Underkuffler

in The Idea of Property: Its Meaning and Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199254187
eISBN:
9780191698224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254187.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter offers a different way to understand and analyze the concept of property. It argues that property is a complex package of normative choices that is not fully or adequately illuminated by ... More


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