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Harming, not Aiding, and Positive Rights

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers what would follow if the General Equivalence Thesis (GE) of the moral equivalence of harming and not aiding (in cases in which less than life is at stake) were true. The possible existence ... More


From universal love to human rights?

Richard Sorabji

in Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644339
eISBN:
9780191745812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644339.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoics moved from the naturalness of love for all to the novel and important conclusion that justice was owed to all. Gandhi connected universal love instead with non-violence. Neither Gandhi nor ... More


Right-grounded Duties and the Institutional Turn

Henry Shue

in Basic Rights: Subsistence, Affluence, and U.S. Foreign Policy: 40th Anniversary Edition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691202280
eISBN:
9780691200835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691202280.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter details how the allocation of duties among bearers depends upon the specification of which duties need to be performed, and hence allocated. Unfortunately, which duties can reasonable be ... More


Correlativity

Ernest J. Weinrib

in The Idea of Private Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665815
eISBN:
9780191748622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665815.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

In Aristotle's presentation of corrective justice, the correlativity of gain and loss is the organizing feature of liability. This chapter deals with what this correlativity means and how these gains ... More


Incorporation by Law 1

Joseph Raz

in Between Authority and Interpretation: On the Theory of Law and Practical Reason

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562688
eISBN:
9780191705342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562688.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter addresses the question of how the law can be incorporated within morality and how the existence of the law can impinge on our moral rights and duties — a question (or questions) which is ... More


Talking Politics: Bhikhu Parekh in Conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo

Ramin Jahanbegloo and Bhikhu Parekh

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071549
eISBN:
9780199081349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071549.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

One of the most distinguished political philosophers of our time, British-Indian academic and peer Lord Bhikhu Parekh’s work continues to deeply influence our understanding of identity, politics, and ... More


Authoritative Input: Dyadic Duties and Rights

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that the input stage of the moral community’s exercise of its moral authority arises from the delimited moral power of duty-holders (alone or in concert with the correlative ... More


The Significance of a Civil Wrong

Stephen A. Smith

in Civil Wrongs and Justice in Private Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190865269
eISBN:
9780190865290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865269.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter claims that the commission of a civil wrong generally holds no significance for the substantive rights and duties of the parties to the wrong, and that it holds but minor significance in ... More


Normative arguments for and against compulsory voting

Sarah Birch

in Full Participation: A Comparative Study of Compulsory Voting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077623
eISBN:
9781781701874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077623.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines and assesses the principal normative arguments that have been made for and against compulsory electoral participation. These claims fall into three principal categories: ... More


The Right to Wage Private Wars of Subsistence: Its Nature, Grounds, and Place in Revisionist Just War Theories

Johan Olsthoorn

in The Public Uses of Coercion and Force: From Constitutionalism to War

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197519103
eISBN:
9780197519134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519103.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Some philosophers have recently argued for the revisionist just war doctrine that individuals can have the right to initiate war in defense of their human rights when their government fails in its ... More


Setting and Pursuing Ends: Internal and External Freedom

Paul Guyer

in The Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755647
eISBN:
9780191831829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755647.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that all of the categories of duty that Kant recognizes can be interpreted as duties to treat humanity as an end and never merely as a means if humanity is equated with the ... More


The Design and Practice of African Constitutionalism

Berihun Adugna Gebeye

in A Theory of African Constitutionalism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780192893925
eISBN:
9780191915024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893925.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores and examines how legal syncretism as a result permeates the design and practice of African constitutionalism. By seriously considering the constitutional structures and rights, ... More


Freedom, Ends, and Duties in Vigilantius

Paul Guyer

in The Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755647
eISBN:
9780191831829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755647.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter further examines the derivation of all classes of duty from the duty to preserve and expand freedom of choice whether in oneself and others, making detailed use of Kant’s 1793–4 lectures ... More


Kantian Duties

Karen Stohr

in Choosing Freedom: A Kantian Guide to Life

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197537817
eISBN:
9780197537848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197537817.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an overview of the different types of Kantian duties, including the distinction between perfect and imperfect duties. It begins with a fundamental distinction between what Kant ... More


The Idea of the Moral Community

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter explicates the idea of the moral community as the open-ended set of all individuals who can wrong or be wronged by another. Examining these ideas of wronging someone or being wronged by ... More


General Ends that Are Also Duties

Mark Timmons

in Kant's Doctrine of Virtue

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190939229
eISBN:
9780190939267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939229.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter covers Sections IV through VIII of Kant’s dedicated introduction to The Doctrine of Virtue. Section 1 of this chapter explains that for Kant the two general ends that one has a duty to ... More


Gewirth: community, rights, values

Lynn Dobson

in Supranational Citizenship

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780719069529
eISBN:
9781781702154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069529.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter provides an analytical discussion of some major themes in Gewirth's Community of Rights and Self-Fulfillment. The focus of the chapter is on how rights- and duty-bearing agents interact ... More


Introduction

Barbara Herman

in The Moral Habitat

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192896353
eISBN:
9780191918797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896353.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Introduction summarizes the path to be taken from a study of imperfect duties to a revised reading of Kant’s moral philosophy as a deontology that integrates the ideas and duties of right with ... More


Freedom of speech in England and the anglophone world, 1500–1850

Jason Peacey, Robert G. Ingram, and Alex W. Barber

in Freedom of speech, 1500-1850

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781526147103
eISBN:
9781526155566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526147110.00006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Amid considerable debate within modern societies about whether or not there ought to be limits to freedom of speech, this introductory chapter argues that historical perspectives have been all too ... More


The Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States (1975)

C. H. Alexandrowicz

in The Law of Nations in Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198766070
eISBN:
9780191820649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766070.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States adopted by the UN General Assembly on 12 December 1974. The Charter consists of a preamble and four chapters, the most ... More


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