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New Rules of Engagement

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Endowed with her mother's dominant nature and feminist perspective, Martha May Eliot sets her sights on becoming a “social doctor.” Before graduating from Radcliffe, she spends her sophomore year at ... More


American Sunshine: Diseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light

Daniel Freund

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226262819
eISBN:
9780226262833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262833.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the second half of the nineteenth century, American cities began to go dark. Hulking new buildings overspread blocks, pollution obscured the skies, and glass and smog screened out the ... More


Other Causes of Maternal Mortality

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses several causes of maternal mortality. These include contracted pelvis and rickets, and puerperal insanity or puerperal mania. Childhood rickets leads to a deformity of the ... More


Theory and Argument

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter identifies four attempts to create a successor theory and to accept the new findings of experiment and microscopy during the 17th century. It first studies Francis Glisson, who is known ... More


Institutionalization as the Last Resort: Famine Diseases, Mortality, and Medical Interventions

Jonny Geber

in Victims of Ireland'S Great Famine: The Bioarchaeology of Mass Burials at Kilkenny Union Workhouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061177
eISBN:
9780813051475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061177.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

To resort to the workhouse during the Famine was an act of desperation, and many people were seemingly severely malnourished and physically exhausted when they entered the institution. The ... More


The Impact of Improved Nutrition on Disease Prevention

Richard D. Semba

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the 20th century, major progress was made in the near elimination of many nutritional deficiencies disorders in the United States such as rickets, pellagra, iodine deficiency, infantile scurvy, ... More


The More Things Change: A Historical Perspective on the Debate over Vitamin Advertising in the United States

Rima D. Apple

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Vitamin supplements have been popular from the time the micronutrients were discovered in the early 20th century. Popular news media and advertisements promoted vitamins as crucial for two critical ... More


Reading a Life: A Fourteenth-Century Ancestral Puebloan Woman

Ann L. W. Stodder and Ann M. Palkovich

in The Bioarchaeology of Individuals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038070
eISBN:
9780813043135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038070.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents the osteobiography of a middle-aged woman from Arroyo Hondo Pueblo, a Pueblo IV Late Prehistoric site near Santa Fe, New Mexico. Permanent bone deformation due to early ... More


Case study 3: mandatory milk fortification with vitamin D

Mark Lawrence

in Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients to food

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691975
eISBN:
9780191748806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Mandatory milk fortification with vitamin D (MMFVD) is a public health policy intervention for reducing vitamin D deficiency among the population. It was the case study selected to assess and analyse ... More


Ethnicity, Activism, and ‘Race Relations’: From ‘Asian Rickets’ to Asian Resistance, 1963–1983

Roberta Bivins

in Contagious Communities: Medicine, Migration, and the NHS in Post War Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198725282
eISBN:
9780191792625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725282.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Maternal and child health and nutrition were issues of great political sensitivity in the post-war era. The Welfare State’s in-built surveillance of mothers, infants, and young children also ... More


The Dawn of Scientific Sunlight

in American Sunshine: Diseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226262819
eISBN:
9780226262833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262833.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses the new knowledge of sunlight. Two main discoveries—rickets and the significance of ultraviolet light—changed discussions about sunlight's uses. The new knowledge of sunlight ... More


A Disciplined Childhood in Nineteenth-Century New York City: A Social Bioarchaeology of the Subadults of the Spring Street Presbyterian Church

Meredith A. B. Ellis

in Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049830
eISBN:
9780813050324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049830.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter illustrates how historical archaeology can understand both the structuring institutions of childhood and the agency of children within these structures. This chapter discusses the ... More


Parathyroid gland and bone disease

Atul Kalhan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Endocrinology and Diabetes SCE

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198864615
eISBN:
9780191955167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864615.003.0003
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Endocrinology and Diabetes

This chapter covers core curriculum topics related to the parathyroid gland and bone disease. It starts with questions concerning parathyroid gland embryology and physiology. There is detailed ... More


The Fight against Want: Material Prosperity, Inequality, and Poverty with Elisabeth Garratt and Lindsay Richards

Anthony F. Heath, Elisabeth Garratt, Ridhi Kashyap, Yaojun Li, and Lindsay Richards

in Social Progress in Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198805489
eISBN:
9780191843556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805489.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

How successful has Britain been in tackling the giant of Want? Britain experienced greatly increased standards of material prosperity during the second half of the twentieth century, with a fourfold ... More


Exam 4

Rebecca Hanlon, John Curtis, Hulya Wieshmann, David White, Caren Landes, and Val Gough

in Long Cases for the Final FRCR 2B

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590001
eISBN:
9780199590001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590001.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Case 4.1 Clinical details A 70-year-old male with wheeze, cough, and intermittent dyspnoea. Imaging Chest radiograph. HRCT of the chest. Chest radiograph, 3 years after ... More


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