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5 Chronic Hunger in the World: Impact of International Policies

Kirit S. Parikh

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-being

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286356
eISBN:
9780191718465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286356.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite significant progress in terms of food security and human development indicators the substantial problem of chronic undernutrition — an outcome of national and international policies — ... More


Convergence Theory

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses evidence for convergence theory, the idea that as rich countries got richer, they developed similar economic, political, and social structures and to some extent common values ... More


Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies

Jagdish Bhagwati and Gordon Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382433
eISBN:
9780199852352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382433.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Skilled immigration into rich countries and competition for talent and professional skills are of major concern among nations today. Comprehensive immigration reform addressed to illegal immigration ... More


Is Industrial Policy Necessary and Feasible in Africa?: Theoretical Considerations and Historical Lessons

Ha-Joon Chang

in Industrial Policy and Economic Transformation in Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175180
eISBN:
9780231540773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175180.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The feasibility of industrial policies in Africa: the constraints of political economy and institutions are much exaggerated. Nor is there any basis for the “Afro-pessimism” steming from some alleged ... More


Accounting for the Distributional Effects of Noncash Public Benefits

Holly Sutherland and Panos Tsakloglou

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter extends previous analyses of the distributional effects of welfare programs in rich countries, focusing on three of the most important public transfers in kind, namely, public education ... More


Using Nonmonetary Deprivation Indicators to Analyze European Poverty and Social Exclusion

Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0016
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

Research and monitoring of poverty in rich countries relies primarily on household income to capture living standards and distinguish the poor. Significant efforts have been made to broaden the ... More


Theories of the Postindustrial Society

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses theories concerning post-industrial society. It evaluates research evidence concerning the limits of the structural aspects of post-industrial theory and suggests that its ... More


Types of Political Economy, Party Ideology, and Family Policy: Contrasting Government Responses to a Common Problem

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the contrasting responses of the government of rich countries to the problems concerning family policy. It shows that national differences in family policy and the politics of ... More


An Indirect Test of Effectiveness

J. C. Sharman

in The Money Laundry: Regulating Criminal Finance in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450181
eISBN:
9780801463198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450181.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines whether anti-money laundering (AML) policy works by testing two alternative views. The first is whether AML policy has produced a major reduction in predicate crime, in line ... More


Poverty and Deprivation in Europe

Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588435
eISBN:
9780191731327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Research on poverty in rich countries relies primarily on household income to capture living standards and distinguish those in poverty, and this is also true of official poverty measurement and ... More


Inequality and Poverty across the World

Francis Teal

in The Poor and the Plutocrats: From the poorest of the poor to the richest of the rich

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198870142
eISBN:
9780191912979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870142.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter we begin by examining the sources of poverty in the two waves of globalization, the first from 1700 to 1913 and the second from 1950 to the present. We then ask whether, during this ... More


The Role of Governance and International Norms in Managing Natural Resources

James Cust

in Extractive Industries: The Management of Resources as a Driver of Sustainable Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817369
eISBN:
9780191858871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817369.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The governance of natural resource wealth is considered to constitute a key determinant in whether the extraction of natural resources proves to be a blessing or a curse. In response to this ... More


The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Raphael Espinoza, Ghada Fayad, and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683796
eISBN:
9780191763373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683796.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The GCC countries have thus far managed to leverage their large natural resource wealth to achieve economic prosperity and finance social advances, and have also emerged as important sources of funds ... More


Puzzling Tax Structures in Developing Countries: A Comparison of Two Alternative Explanations

Roger Gordon and Wei Li

in Fiscal Policy and Management in East Asia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386812
eISBN:
9780226387062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387062.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Economic policies in developing countries often differ sharply from those commonly advocated by economists, generating advice to adopt policies more consistent with both the successful practices in ... More


The Rise of the Anti-Kleptocracy Regime

J. C. Sharman

in The Despot's Guide to Wealth Management: On the International Campaign against Grand Corruption

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705519
eISBN:
9781501708442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705519.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter elaborates on the concept of kleptocracy by providing a portrait of one of the most publicized and influential early examples of grand corruption: that of Mobutu Sese Seko in the Congo. ... More


Aid's Purposes: A Brief History

in Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226470436
eISBN:
9780226470627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470627.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Foreign aid, which began as an instrument of Cold War diplomacy, became a permanent element in relations between states, reflecting a strengthening norm that the governments of rich countries should ... More


The Growing Equality across Countries and Inequality within some Countries

Francis Teal

in The Poor and the Plutocrats: From the poorest of the poor to the richest of the rich

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198870142
eISBN:
9780191912979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870142.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Just as unemployment dominated the political agenda of the 1930s, so inequality has come to dominate the concerns of both rich and poor countries in the twenty-first century. Contrary to what is ... More


How to Use Oil Revenues Efficiently

Shantayanan Devarajan

in Institutions and Macroeconomic Policies in Resource-Rich Arab Economies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198822226
eISBN:
9780191861208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822226.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Oil-rich countries systematically misallocate public expenditures relative to non-oil countries—by favoring consumption over capital, and within consumption, inefficient subsidies and public sector ... More


Human Society ‘in Perpetual Flux’: Hume’s Pendulum Theory of Civilisation

Ryu Susato

in Hume's Sceptical Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748699803
eISBN:
9781474416207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748699803.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume’s avowed endorsement of a cyclical view of civilisation has been considered one of his most significant differences from the French philosophes’ upholding of ‘Progress’ and ‘Reason’. Some have ... More


Findings: The Global Economic Landscape

William W. Lewis

in The Power of Productivity: Wealth, Poverty, and the Threat to Global Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226476766
eISBN:
9780226477008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226477008.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the difference in economic success among countries is not a matter of nature, intellect, or genetics. The problem—and the solution—lies in public policies. But effective ... More


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