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Three Faces of Desire

Timothy Schroeder

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172379
eISBN:
9780199849987
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172379.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Desires lead to actions, influence feelings, and determine what counts as a reward. Recent empirical evidence shows that these three aspects of desire stem from a common biological origin. Informed ... More


Redefining the Firm

Alan Burton-Jones

in Knowledge Capitalism: Business, Work, and Learning in the New Economy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296225
eISBN:
9780191685217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296225.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Strategy

In the simultaneous occurrences of the internalization of core functions and the externalization of non-core functions, the firm is being redefined in terms of its size, functions, organization, ... More


What Desires Are

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To intrinsically desire that P is to be in a state that is both a natural kind and that causes the effects (motivational, emotional, and cognitive) associated with intrinsically desiring that P, ... More


Irrational Action and Addiction

Timothy Schroeder

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that addicts are “mugged” by their midbrain reward systems, conceived as forces acting outside the scope of their rationality, and combines ideas from neuroscience and the ... More


Risky and impulsive components of adolescent decision making

B.J. Casey, Todd A. Hare, and Adriana Galván

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Adolescence is a developmental period which is often characterized as a time of impulsive and risky choices leading to increased incidence of unintentional injuries and violence, alcohol and drug ... More


Disorders of reward and punishment systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Reward and punishment systems clearly serve adaptive functions in promoting behaviours which increase the chances of survival and preventing behaviours that lead in the opposite direction. In certain ... More


Drugs acting on reward and punishment systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes drugs that exert major actions on reward and punishment systems and are all drugs of dependence. Some have potent effects on pain systems and are of therapeutic importance ... More


Depression and mania: clinical features and brain mechanisms

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

It is clear, from the clinical manifestations and observed physiological changes, that brain systems for arousal and sleep, reward and punishment, and learning and memory are involved in depression ... More


Mobbing Prevention Strategies

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

in Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses concrete and effective measures that organizations can take to prevent mobbing from happening in the first place. These measures generally involve policy development, ... More


Addiction and Blameworthiness

Timothy Schroeder and Nomy Arpaly

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

In a series of publications, we have advanced the idea that people are blameworthy for acting badly in either of two ways: acting on a desire for the wrong or bad, or acting in a way that expresses a ... More


The Pursuit of Happiness

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses brain reward systems and their role in addiction. Research has shown that brains have reward systems that use dopamine to drive approach behavior needed to obtain natural ... More


Addiction

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Addicts appear to have very strong desires for their addictive goods, and so to display a worrying degree of indifference to morally important ends when they choose their addictive goods over such ... More


Valuation machines: Economies of desire/pleasure in contemporary neuroscience

Isabelle Dussauge

in Value Practices in the Life Sciences and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199689583
eISBN:
9780191808807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689583.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter explores the neurocultures of the desiring brain. It enquires into the neural metaphors and grammars of reward which are deployed in late capitalism to describe brain desires and ... More


Orbitofrontal reality filtering

Armin Schnider

in The Confabulating Mind: How the Brain Creates Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789680
eISBN:
9780191839016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789680.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

Behaviourally spontaneous confabulation denotes a particular form of confabulation characterized by confusion of reality. The patients are disoriented and act according to their confabulations. This ... More


Empirical Evidence against a Cognitivist Theory of Desire and Action

Timothy Schroeder

in The Nature of Desire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199370962
eISBN:
9780199370986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370962.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter considers T. M. Scanlon’s (1998) theory of action as a specific instance of cognitivist theories of action. It raises an unusual sort of objection to Scanlon’s cognitivism and its ... More


Rewards

S. K. Das

in Public Office, Private Interest: Bureaucracy and Corruption in India

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195653823
eISBN:
9780199081561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195653823.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter evaluates the reward system of the civil service in India. The reward system is an important source of motivation for civil servants to avoid corruption and it can take the form of ... More


Caring for Strangers: Examples of Caring and Nurturance

Ofra Mayseless

in The Caring Motivation: An Integrated Theory

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199913619
eISBN:
9780190299002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913619.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter discusses caring for strangers and presents several noteworthy examples of caring and nurturance. These include volunteering, money donations, and mentoring of youth at risk and ... More


Violence and the Adolescent Brain

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

in Murder in the Courtroom: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199995721
eISBN:
9780190221584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Neuroscience evidence played a dominant role in Roper (2005) and Graham (2010). In reaching its decisions in these cases, the US Supreme Court relied in large part on neuroscientific studies that ... More


The Nature of Desire

Julien A. Deonna and Federico Lauria (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199370962
eISBN:
9780199370986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370962.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Desire plays a pivotal role in our lives. Yet in recent times, it has not been a central topic in the philosophy of mind. The aim of this book is to redress this imbalance. What are desires? ... More


Introduction: Reconsidering Some Dogmas about Desires

Federico Lauria and Julien A. Deonna

in The Nature of Desire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199370962
eISBN:
9780199370986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370962.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Desire has not been at the center of recent preoccupations in the philosophy of mind. Consequently, the literature settled into several dogmas. The first part of this introduction presents these ... More


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