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Neurophysiological Correlates of Reward Learning

Wolfram Schultz

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the neural mechanisms underlying reward learning in primates. It argues that structures involved in learning and reward, particularly midbrain dopamine neurons, appear to ... More


Behavioral Functions of Dopamine Neurons

Philippe N. Tobler

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the extracellular studies of dopamine neurons in behaving animals. Topics covered include motor functions of dopamine neurons, reward functions of dopamine neurons, reward ... More


Reinforcement learning mechanisms in the human brain: Insights from model-based fMRI

John P O'Doherty

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses evidence for the applicability of reinforcement learning models to reward-learning and reward-based action selection in humans, with a particular emphasis on data derived from ... More


What Desires Are

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To intrinsically desire that P is to be in a state that is both a natural kind and that causes the effects (motivational, emotional, and cognitive) associated with intrinsically desiring that P, ... More


Trial-by-trial data analysis using computational models: (Tutorial Review)

Nathaniel D. Daw

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Researchers have recently begun to integrate computational models into the analysis of neural and behavioural data, particularly in experiments on reward learning and decision making. This chapter ... More


Reward-Dependent Learning

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In the third chapter, reward dependent instrumental learning and its computational modelling is explained. Reward prediction errors are encoded by phasic dopamine release and specific paradigms ... More


Economic Models of Pathological Gambling

Don Ross

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter, which describes why pathological gambling (PG) raises a puzzle for the standard microeconomic modeling framework, and why this puzzle potentially sheds light on deep issues at the ... More


Orbitofrontal cortex computations in a systems-level perspective

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198845997
eISBN:
9780191881237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845997.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes some of the computational approaches that are useful to understand the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex. Section 9.1 describes the operation of pattern association ... More


Introduction

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In the introduction, a philosophically informed concept of mental disorders is presented. In order to define a clinically relevant mental malady, it suggests to focus on functional impairments ... More


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