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A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


The Madness of Count Stadion; or, Austria Between Revolution and Reaction

John Deak

in Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter abstract: In March 1848, revolution came to the Habsburg lands driving the forces of reaction underground. Revolution might have forced the government to act, but the empire's officials ... More


A Liberal Pope, 1846–1848

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The election of Pius IX in 1846 aroused great enthusiasm among liberals and nationalists in Italy, and the evidence indicates that for the first two years of his papacy, until the Roman Revolution of ... More


Egalitarian Millennialism: Marx the Rooster and Marxism (Nineteenth Century ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Beginning with a discussion of Babeuf's Communist variant on the (failed) French Revolution, the chapter analyzes Marx as a “rooster” (a secular Joachite) whose prophecies of a world revolution in ... More


Subversive and Revolutionary Funerals 1800–1870

Avner Ben-Amos

in Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203285
eISBN:
9780191675836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The end of the revolutionary decade opened a period during which the freedom of expression of the republican opposition was severely curtailed. The hostility of the authorities toward public ... More


On the Altar of Freedom: Moravian Jewry and the Revolution of 1848

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Jews of Moravia, like the Jews in the rest of the Habsburg monarchy, were emancipated during the Revolution of 1848. This chapter discusses the Revolution of 1848 and Samson Raphael Hirsch's ... More


Revolutionary Springtime

Jonathan Beecher

in Victor Considerant and the Rise and Fall of French Romantic Socialism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222977
eISBN:
9780520924727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222977.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the political experiences of Victor Considerant relevant to the French Revolution of 1848. It explains that though Considerant was in Paris to participate in the revolution, ... More


Fusing the Myth, 1830–1871

Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius

in The German Myth of the East: 1800 to the Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546312
eISBN:
9780191720338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546312.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines the fusing of earlier German thinking about Eastern Europe into a fully elaborated myth of the East. The period 1830-1871 was marked by broad shifts in relations with Eastern ... More


Illuminate All Eyes: Colonial Markets and the Problem of Freedom

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines the two men's involvement in colonial trade and slavery. Biot developed an optical device — the saccharimeter — that became a crucial part of the colonial sugar industry, used ... More


Conflict and Revolution: Samson Raphael Hirsch and the Politics of Leadership, 1847–1849

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Samson Raphael Hirsch was installed in Nikolsburg as chief rabbi of Moravia and Austrian Silesia in 1847. In the Revolution of 1848, Hirsch emerged as a leader that Moravian Jews could embrace ... More


The Beginnings of a Modern State

Keith Hitchins

in The Romanians, 1774–1866

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205913
eISBN:
9780191676857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205913.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the beginnings of a modern state in Romania, which became perceptible between the outbreak of the Greek War for Independence in 1821 and the revolutions of 1848. Moldavia and ... More


Reaction and Renewal

Jonathan Beecher

in Victor Considerant and the Rise and Fall of French Romantic Socialism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222977
eISBN:
9780520924727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222977.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines “reaction” and “renewal” after the French Revolution of 1848. It suggests that the summer and fall of 1848 saw a period of fierce reaction and discusses the political ... More


In the Morgue: Theodor Meynert, Pathological Anatomy, and the Social Structure of Dissection

Katja Guenther

in Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how Theodor Meynert's appeal to a version of reflex physiology allowed him to participate in the new enthusiasm for pathological anatomy in Vienna medicine, which had risen to ... More


Into the World

Christopher H. Johnson

in Becoming Bourgeois: Love, Kinship, and Power in Provincial France, 1670-1880

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453984
eISBN:
9781501701290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453984.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on René Jean-Marie Galles’s career after graduating from École polytechnique. It argues that without his mother’s constant prodding and solicitude, the encouragement of her ... More


Schopenhauer's Reputation in Its Changing Historical Context

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

For some 35 years after the publication of his masterpiece, The World as Will and Representation, Schopenhauer was virtually ignored. Then the mood of pessimism brought about across Europe by the ... More


Emancipation and Its Aftershocks: The Reorganization of Moravian Jewry

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Revolution of 1848 ushered Jewish emancipation, which required the dissolution of autonomous Jewish communities. This brought new challenges to Christian-Jewish relations and placed new strains ... More


Re-imagining Democracy in the Age of Revolutions: America, France, Britain, Ireland 1750-1850

Joanna Innes and Mark Philp (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669158
eISBN:
9780191757365
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669158.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History, History of Ideas

This book charts a transformation in how people thought about democracy in the North Atlantic region in the years between the American Revolution and the revolutions of 1848. In the mid-eighteenth ... More


German and Jewish

Michael Haas

in Forbidden Music: The Jewish Composers Banned by the Nazis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300154306
eISBN:
9780300154313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300154306.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the relation between being German and being Jewish. It analyzes how Jews in German-speaking Europe would become such enthusiastic chauvinists in the cause of German culture, ... More


The Author

Robert D. Priest

in The Gospel According to Renan: Reading, Writing, and Religion in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198728757
eISBN:
9780191795534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728757.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter provides a detailed intellectual biography of Ernest Renan, from his upbringing in Restoration Brittany through to the release of Vie de Jésus in 1863. It traces his reading in German ... More


The Consolation of Refuge

Caroline Shaw

in Britannia's Embrace: Modern Humanitarianism and the Imperial Origins of Refugee Relief

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190200985
eISBN:
9780190201012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190200985.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter describes how British liberals, energized and agitated by the proceedings at the Congress of Vienna, took aim at ongoing oppression overseas, especially the international slave trade and ... More


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