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Commentary 7.3: Reflections of a Journalist

Paul Brown

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Tipping points are exciting yet frustrating for journalists. They evoke progressive disaster and possible sudden catastrophe. But the scientific uncertainty over their onset and outcome makes it very ... More


Kelvin and Statistical Mechanics

Oliver Penrose

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Kelvin played a big part in the development of statistical mechanics, both for equilibrium and non-equilibrium. This chapter reviews these developments, taking a particular interest in Kelvin's own ... More


Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


Transplantation studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Removed insular cortex (IC – about 3 mm3) can be substituted 60 days later by homotopic fetal IC transplant allowing CTA relearning. Similar attempts to compensate the lesioned amygdala by ... More


The Third Analogy: Interaction

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a detailed analysis and a critique of Kant’s attempt in the Third Analogy to prove that all substances stand in relations of causal reciprocity. It discusses implications of ... More


Fostering the Emergence of Customary Law *

Francesco Parisi and Vincy Fon

in The Economics of Lawmaking

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374155
eISBN:
9780199871834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374155.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter compares custom formation in the specific context of a cooperation problem, under the alternative environments of role-reversibility and stochastic ignorance. The quantitative element of ... More


Introduction

Saul M. Olyan

in Biblical Mourning: Ritual and Social Dimensions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199264865
eISBN:
9780191698996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264865.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter is divided into three parts. The first section, ‘Mourning in Social Science Discussion’ tackles some of the more important anthropological research on mourning. The second section ... More


Mourning the Dead

Saul M. Olyan

in Biblical Mourning: Ritual and Social Dimensions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199264865
eISBN:
9780191698996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264865.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter focuses on mourning the dead. All mourning behaviours function to separate the mourner ritually from society and the cult. The ritual separation of the mourner over the dead is ... More


The Golden Rule

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the Golden Rule does not require anyone to do for another what he thinks he would want himself to do if he were that other. ... More


Isothermal and adiabatic processes

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter applies the results of the previous chapter to illustrate some properties concerning isothermal and adiabatic expansions of gases. These results will assume that the expansions are ... More


Dubliners

Scarlett Baron

in ‘Strandentwining Cable’: Joyce, Flaubert, and Intertextuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693788
eISBN:
9780191732157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693788.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

Chapter 2 is devoted to a close intertextual reading of both authors’ collections of stories, Trois Contes (1877) and Dubliners (1914). The argument focuses on the word ‘gnomon’, which famously ... More


The Inconsistency of Thought

Leslie Hill

in Bataille, Klossowski, Blanchot: Writing at the Limit

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198159711
eISBN:
9780191716065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159711.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter investigates Pierre Klossowski's challenging and idiosyncratic reworking of Nietzsche's doctrine of eternal return. It explores the writer's long-lasting but shifting engagement with the ... More


The Standard Criticisms of Comparativism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There has been almost universal agreement that Aristotle's so-called reduction of metaphors to similes is hopelessly inadequate. The philosophers who have lined up against Aristotle are an impressive ... More


A Theory of Figurative Comparisons

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

With these objections out of the way, this chapter presents a positive account of how figurative comparisons function. Figurative comparisons build on the resources provided by non-figurative (or ... More


The Past Histories of Molecules

Craig Callender

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter unfolds a central philosophical problem of statistical mechanics. This problem lies in a clash between the Static Probabilities offered by statistical mechanics and the Dynamic ... More


Reversing

F.H. Buckley

in The American Illness: Essays on the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175219
eISBN:
9780300195071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175219.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the faults and changes sought in American private and criminal law. It discusses constitutional infirmities and the reversibility of presidential government. The chapter also ... More


Engendering Faith: Sexual Defilement and Spiritual Redemption in The Renegado

Jane Hwang Degenhardt

in Islamic Conversion and Christian Resistance on the Early Modern Stage

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640843
eISBN:
9780748651597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640843.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses in more detail the gendered implications of Islamic conversion. It considers the stakes of redemption, sexual seduction and redemption in Philip Massinger's The Renegado, and ... More


Conclusion: Modernism’s Fifth Continent

Paul Giles

in Backgazing: Reverse Time in Modernist Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198830443
eISBN:
9780191873652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830443.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This concluding chapter takes its title from a book of photographs about Australia published in 1931 by E. O. Hoppé. The cover of The Fifth Continent showed the photographer atop a globe looking back ... More


Exotic Computational Principles

John L. Pollock

in Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195060133
eISBN:
9780197560129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195060133.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

Exotic computational principles are those not derivable from the theory of proportions constructed in Chapter 2. The most important of these principles are ... More


General Considerations

John von Neumann

Nicholas A. Wheeler (ed.)

in Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: New Edition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691178561
eISBN:
9781400889921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178561.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers what would happen to a mixture with the statistical operator 𝗨 if a quantity 𝖱 with operator 𝖱 is measured in it. It then investigates the thermodynamics of quantum mechanical ... More


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