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 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

Angela C. Roberts

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Dopamine and serotonin have been implicated in a wide variety of cognitive and emotional control processes. This chapter reviews the evidence that these two neuromodulators differentially regulate ... More


Neurochemical modulation of orbitofrontal cortex function

Trevor W. Robbins, Luke Clark, Hannah Clarke, and Angela C. Roberts

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews evidence indicating a close association of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) with ascending modulatory neurotransmitter systems. It focuses on the neurochemical modulation of ... More


The neurophysiology and functions of the orbitofrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) based on analysis of neuronal activity in nonhuman primates and on fMRI in humans. Findings demonstrate that the OFC represents ... More


Reversal learning in fronto-striatal circuits: a functional, autonomic, and neurochemical analysis

H.F. Clarke and A.C. Roberts

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is intimately associated with the processes underlying behavioural flexibility that allow us to interact successfully with our ever-changing environment. Dysfunction ... More


Reward, decision, and action reversal using attractor dynamics

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter looks at stimulus-reinforcer association learning and reversal. It also describes reversal of action selection and sequence memory.


Role of striatal dopamine in the fast adaption of outcome-based decisions

Roshan Cools

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The prefrontal cortex interacts with a set of deep brain subcortical structures, including in particular the striatum, to bias flexible decision making. The output of these fronto-striatal circuits ... More


Damaged Self, Damaged Control: A Component Process Analysis of the Effects of Frontal Lobe Damage on Human Decision Making

Lesley K. Fellows

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Frontal lobe damage can disrupt judgment, decision making, and self-control, often with devastating impact on the everyday life of the affected person. Studies of these phenomena can identify the ... More


The Neural Basis of Cognitive Flexibility in Birds

Shigeru Watanabe

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive flexibility has a number of different aspects. Three of them are examined in this chapter. First, cognitive flexibility means ... More


Orbitofrontal cortex computations in a systems-level perspective

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198845997
eISBN:
9780191881237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845997.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes some of the computational approaches that are useful to understand the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex. Section 9.1 describes the operation of pattern association ... More


Orbitofrontal reality filtering

Armin Schnider

in The Confabulating Mind: How the Brain Creates Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789680
eISBN:
9780191839016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789680.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

Behaviourally spontaneous confabulation denotes a particular form of confabulation characterized by confusion of reality. The patients are disoriented and act according to their confabulations. This ... More


Orthonasal Smell: From Odor Image to Aroma Perception

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The olfactory cortex is a pattern recognizer, changing the image from a sensory representation to an internal “sensory object”. In this state it represents individual components of the aroma ... More


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