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Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book, evaluating the protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ‘push’ approaches to explain the long-term development and ... More


Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory

Marco Sozzi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199296668
eISBN:
9780191712074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296668.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The investigation of discrete symmetries is a fascinating subject which has been central to the agenda of physics research for fifty years, and has been the target of many experiments, ongoing and in ... More


Is Retirement Being Remade? Developments in Labor Market Patterns at Older Ages

Sewin Chan and Ann Huff Stevens

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter investigates non-traditional work and retirement patterns among older individuals in the Health and Retirement Study. It first reviews the evidence on retirements that initially involve ... More


Gender in New Religions

Sarah M. Pike

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

New religious movements have typically emerged and thrived in times of social upheaval during which normative gender roles are challenged, such as in the United States during the industrializing ... More


TIME REVERSAL

M. S. Sozzi

in Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199296668
eISBN:
9780191712074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296668.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter deals with the time reversal symmetry, which is somehow different from space inversion, due to the fact that the description of physics is in terms of time evolution. The anti-unitarity ... More


Meditation: magic, myth, and mystery

Michael A. West

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the lack of consensus between meditators and researchers over the effects of meditation. The results of the research are reviewed and a variety of ... More


Introduction

Jessica Waldoff

in Recognition in Mozart's Operas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151978
eISBN:
9780199870387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151978.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Opera

This introductory chapter presents the scope and value of recognition as an approach to Mozart's operas. The terms recognition and reversal (Aristotle's anagnôrisis and peripeteia) are defined, and ... More


Sex and Sexual Relationships

BONNIE S. McDOUGALL

in Love-Letters and Privacy in Modern China: The Intimate Lives of Lu Xun and Xu Guangping

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256792
eISBN:
9780191698378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256792.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the love affair between Lu Xun and Xu Guangping, and their sexual relationships with others. The salient issue on which Lu Xun and Xu Guangping were most reticent was sex. Even ... More


 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

Angela C. Roberts

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Dopamine and serotonin have been implicated in a wide variety of cognitive and emotional control processes. This chapter reviews the evidence that these two neuromodulators differentially regulate ... More


Patrons, Clients, and Empire: Chieftaincy and Over-rule in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific

Colin Newbury

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257812
eISBN:
9780191717864
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257812.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This book applies a patron-client model to case studies of imperial over-rule to examine the political relationships between administrative and indigenous hierarchies derived from existing social ... More


Choice under Uncertainty: Problems Solved and Unsolved

Mark J. Machina

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240692
eISBN:
9780191714269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240692.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins with a description of a model of individual choice under uncertainty, namely, the expected utility model of preferences for lotteries. A number of problems are examined from the ... More


The Rich Man and Lazarus

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The chapter argues for the authenticity of the first part of this parable. It shows that here, as elsewhere, the widely used term “reversal” is not sufficient for explaining the parable's meaning. It ... More


Extrapolation in Social Science

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Whereas the previous chapters focused on biological examples, this chapter considers whether the mechanisms approach to extrapolation can work in social science. Two main challenges are examined: ... More


Weakness of Will

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The argument of the previous chapter suggests that, in general, people act in the way that they have best reason to act. This constitutes a tacit denial of the view that there is such a thing as ... More


Damaged Self, Damaged Control: A Component Process Analysis of the Effects of Frontal Lobe Damage on Human Decision Making

Lesley K. Fellows

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Frontal lobe damage can disrupt judgment, decision making, and self-control, often with devastating impact on the everyday life of the affected person. Studies of these phenomena can identify the ... More


The neurophysiology and functions of the orbitofrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) based on analysis of neuronal activity in nonhuman primates and on fMRI in humans. Findings demonstrate that the OFC represents ... More


A componential analysis of the functions of primate orbitofrontal cortex

Angela C. Roberts and John Parkinson

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter attempts to define the specific functions served by the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) based on studies in nonhuman primates. Evidence appears to be consistent for an involvement of the ... More


Reversal of Status

COLIN NEWBURY

in Patrons, Clients, and Empire: Chieftaincy and Over-rule in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257812
eISBN:
9780191717864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257812.003.02
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

From 1858, Company action in Bengal transformed, over the following half century, a maritime agency into a land power on the sub continent. The Presidencies of Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay interacted ... More


Western Africa

COLIN NEWBURY

in Patrons, Clients, and Empire: Chieftaincy and Over-rule in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257812
eISBN:
9780191717864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257812.003.07
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

In Western Africa, practices of clientage were applied to incorporate merchants for as long as they accepted the terms of trade and residence. The establishment of imperial enclaves modified this ... More


Neurochemical modulation of orbitofrontal cortex function

Trevor W. Robbins, Luke Clark, Hannah Clarke, and Angela C. Roberts

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews evidence indicating a close association of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) with ascending modulatory neurotransmitter systems. It focuses on the neurochemical modulation of ... More


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