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The European Commission: Diminishing Returns to Entrepreneurship

Mitchell P. Smith

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines how three consequences of entrepreneurship induced diminishing returns for the European Commission. These are increased workload, shift to activities of comparative ... More


Fundamental Determinants of Exchange Rates

Jerome L. Stein and Polly Reynolds Allen

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293064
eISBN:
9780191596940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293062.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The NATREX approach offers an alternative paradigm to the Purchasing Power Parity for equilibrium real exchange rates. NATREX is the acronym for NATural Real EXchange, referring to a medium‐run, ... More


Adding Value

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter describes financial relationships between competitive advantage, economic rent, added value, and various other measures of firm performance.


Elizabeth Bowen: The Enforced Return

Neil Corcoran

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198186908
eISBN:
9780191719011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186908.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This book offers a critical account of Elizabeth Bowen, a significant 20th-century Irish writer still too little known and appreciated. It considers her novels, short stories, essays, and family ... More


Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Martine Quinzii

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Increasing returns to scale is an area in economics that is becoming more important in the literature. The economic phenomenon of increasing returns presents serious conceptual difficulties for the ... More


No Free Lunches

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Discussing the irrelevance of corporate finance to firm valuation, this chapter provides support for the assertion that the profitability of a business can only be the result of its underlying ... More


Long‐Run Aggregates Under Constant Returns

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

A weakness of the paper ’Aggregation in the short and long run’ (Ch. 25) is the use of strong convexity assumptions––these assumptions seem easier to justify in the short run, rather than the long ... More


Marginal Products and Factor Proportions

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses microeconomic theories of marginal products and factor proportions. It explains that factor's marginal product is the ratio of an increase in output to a small increase in ... More


Conclusion

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The general equilibrium analysis presented in this book shows that there are even more problems in using marginal cost pricing with increasing returns technologies than has been discussed at the time ... More


The Four Strategic Decisions in Transparency

Mia de Kuijper

in Profit Power Economics: A New Competitive Strategy for Creating Sustainable Wealth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195171631
eISBN:
9780199871353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171631.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 5 takes an in-depth look at how transparency will affect the four essential strategic questions that all corporate leaders and investors need to address to maximizing returns: what to own, or ... More


Chapter Chapter Understanding and Allocating Investment Risks in a Hybrid Pension Plan

Peter Albrecht, Joachim Coche, Raimond Maurer, and Ralph Rogalla

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter analyzes pension plan costs and investment strategies in the context of alternative hybrid pension plans, which are optimal either from the perspective of the plan sponsor or the ... More


The Four Rules Templates and How to Use Them

Mia de Kuijper

in Profit Power Economics: A New Competitive Strategy for Creating Sustainable Wealth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195171631
eISBN:
9780199871353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171631.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 14 introduces the The Four Rules for Maximizing Profits in Transparency Method and presents a series of step-by-step templates for evaluation and action plans that should be implemented by ... More


Optimal debt and equilibrium exchange rates in a stochastic environment: an overview

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This overview chapter explains the relevance and the contributions of this book to economic theory and policy. The economic theory and mathematics developed in chapters 2 and 3 derive benchmarks for ... More


Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Examines the challenge of resettling refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) and evaluates efforts to reverse ethnic cleansing and re-establish communities of mixed ethnicity. The ... More


Humanitarian Action and New Complexities in Refugee Protection: The Former Yugoslavia

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The delivery of humanitarian assistance in the midst of armed conflict, the creation of putative safe areas, and arrangements for temporary relocation and stays abroad were policy innovations tested ... More


Returns to education in context: individual education and transition outcomes in European labour markets

Markus Gangl

in Transitions from Education to Work in Europe: The Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199252473
eISBN:
9780191601958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252475.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Describes cross-national differences in individual returns to education at entry into the labour market. With respect to occupational allocation, the analysis finds particularly large returns to ... More


Return Migration and Identity: A Global Phenomenon, A Hong Kong Case

Nan M. Sussman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028832
eISBN:
9789882207370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028832.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The global trend for immigrants to return home has unique relevance for Hong Kong. This work of cross-cultural psychology explores many personal stories of return migration. The author captures in ... More


Measurement and Development of PsyCap: Assessing the Return on Investment

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This final chapter first summarizes the existing published measures of efficacy, hope, optimism, and resiliency and then presents the recently developed 24-item psychological capital questionnaire ... More


Redefining Traditional Plans: Variations and Developments in Public Employee Retirement Plan Design

Keith Brainard

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Retiree benefits for US employees of state and local governments have been traditionally paid via defined benefit (DB) plans, but this arrangement has been neither monolithic nor static. This chapter ... More


Pension Fund Activism: The Double‐Edged Sword

Brad M. Barber

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Many public pension funds engage in activism by using their pooled ownership of stock to affect changes in the corporations they own. The merits of activism depend on (1) the conflicts of interest ... More


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