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Covenants: Race and Housing in the 1940s

Jeffrey D. Gonda

in Unjust Deeds: The Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625454
eISBN:
9781469625478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625454.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter one introduces the litigants in the covenant cases against the backdrop of the housing crisis that seized the nation during the 1940s. A widespread shortage of decent homes compounded the ... More


Exclusion by Private Law: Restrictive Covenants

Steven W. Bender

in Tierra Y Libertad: Land, Liberty, and Latino Housing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780814791257
eISBN:
9780814739136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791257.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter confronts the history of private means to exclude Latino/as and other unwelcome groups from residential neighborhoods by use of restrictive covenants among homeowners, as well as covert ... More


Variation and Discharge of Land Obligations☼

William M Gordon

in Roman Law, Scots Law and Legal History: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625161
eISBN:
9780748671571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625161.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Legal History

A scheme for the judicial variation and discharge of burdens on land interfering with legitimate and desirable development was proposed by the Halliday Committee and eventually entrusted to the Lands ... More


Class and Racial Democracy

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Black elites reaffirmed the primacy of race by advocating the use of race-neutral occupancy standards, which favored those blacks who had the income and class culture to reside in integrated ... More


Contractual Restrictive Covenants

P. J. SUTHERLAND

in A History of Private Law in Scotland: Volume 2: Obligations

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299288
eISBN:
9780191685651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299288.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses restrictive covenant within the context of contractual restrictions. It discusses the history of the contractual restrictive covenants in Scots law, from its introduction in ... More


Unjust Deeds: The Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement

Jeffrey D. Gonda

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625454
eISBN:
9781469625478
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625454.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Unjust Deeds explores the history of an often overlooked civil rights milestone: the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in Shelley v. Kraemer (1948). In a group of cases from St. Louis, Detroit, ... More


Introduction: Restrictive Covenants, Housing Rights, and the Civil Rights Movement

Jeffrey D. Gonda

in Unjust Deeds: The Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625454
eISBN:
9781469625478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625454.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The introduction situates covenant cases in the social and political milieu of the early twentieth century. It addresses the evolution of various mechanisms for housing discrimination including ... More


Racial Covenants and Housing Segregation, Yesterday and Today

Carol M. Rose and Richard R. W. Brooks

in Race and Real Estate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199977260
eISBN:
9780190255251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977260.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the role of privately created racially restrictive covenants in American housing segregation. Racial covenants were common in residential deeds in the early twentieth century, ... More


8 Exclusion by Private Law: Restrictive Covenants

Steven W. Bender

in Tierra Y Libertad: Land, Liberty, and Latino Housing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780814791257
eISBN:
9780814739136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791257.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter confronts the history of private means to exclude Latino/as and other unwelcome groups from residential neighborhoods by use of restrictive covenants among homeowners, as well as covert ... More


Segregation and Neighborhood Agreements

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0022
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the editorial, “Segregation and Neighborhood Agreements,” where Fortune acknowledges that the Supreme Court's decision in Corrigan v. Buckley, in which the Court upheld the ... More


Real Property: Servitudes

Peter Birks

in The Law of Property

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299936
eISBN:
9780191685811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299936.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter discusses the use of tangible objects. The first thing to understand is that the private law of property has little to say on the matter. Property law imposes no positive duties on an ... More


The Verdict of Quiescent Years: Aliens, Property, and State Action

George Rutherglen

in Civil Rights in the Shadow of Slavery: The Constitution, Common Law, and the Civil Rights Act of 1866

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199739707
eISBN:
9780199979363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739707.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Human Rights and Immigration

In a long period of quiescence, three intertwined issues preserved the vitality of civil rights as a source of progressive law. Aliens become covered by the 1866 Act in amendments made in 1870, and ... More


There Is a New Negro to Be Reckoned With: Segregation, War, and a New Spirit of Black Militancy, 1912–1932

Chris Myers Asch and George Derek Musgrove

in Chocolate City: A History of Race and Democracy in the Nation's Capital

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635866
eISBN:
9781469635873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635866.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describe the pervasive system of segregation that relegated black Washingtonians to second-class citizenship in the 1910s and 1920s. Though never as rigid as many white Washingtonians ... More


A Mecca for the Cultivated and Wealthy: Progressivism, Race, and Geography after World War I

Andrew M. Busch

in City in a Garden: Environmental Transformations and Racial Justice in Twentieth-Century Austin, Texas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469632643
eISBN:
9781469632667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632643.003.0004
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter investigates how race relations and geography changed after World War One and how Austin leaders used urban planning to both improve and segregate the city after World War One. Numerous ... More


De Facto Segregation: A National Myth

Richard Rothstein

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

The United States’ ability to desegregate metropolitan areas is hobbled by historical ignorance. Believing that segregation is de facto, resulting mostly from private prejudice and income ... More


The Enduring Significance of Segregation

Jason Q. Purnell

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

Residential segregation remains a perennial problem in major metropolitan areas across the United States. Many researchers have focused on the effects of segregation on housing patterns, educational ... More


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