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The Limits of Universality: How Field‐Specific Epistemic Conditions Affect Authority Relations and their Consequences

Jochen Gläser, Stefan Lange, Grit Laudel, and Uwe Schimank

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the ways in which differences between scientific fields affect the impact of changing authority relations on research goals and approaches. Comparing proximate and remote ... More


Renewable Resource Scarcity, Conflicts and Migration

Tobias Ide

in Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529202168
eISBN:
9781529209594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Based on an extensive overview of academic debates on renewable resource scarcity, conflict and migration, this chapter examines whether and how scarcity of renewable resources increases the risk of ... More


Environmental Security in Africa

Ilias Bantekas

in Protecting Human Security in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199578986
eISBN:
9780191595202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578986.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines all the elements that bring about environmental insecurity, such as deforestation and land degradation, the role of population densities, and pollution of the natural ... More


Political Philosophy in Action: Developing the Minimum Core Approach to Socio-Economic Rights

David Bilchitz

in Poverty and Fundamental Rights: The Justification and Enforcement of Socio-economic Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552160
eISBN:
9780191709456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552160.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter advocates a modified version of the ‘minimum core approach’ adopted by the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in its third General Comment. It is argued ... More


Distribution of Resources: Need and Outcome

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Begins the discussion of organ distribution for transplantation presented in the last four chapters of Part III of the book by analysing factors that may be relevant in three situations: true ... More


Resource Scarcity and Environmental Degradation: Implications for the Development of International Cooperation

Shlomi Dinar

in Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014977
eISBN:
9780262295505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014977.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This book mainly discusses the investigations that have been carried out on how resource scarcity and environmental degradation motivate international cooperation. Minerals, fisheries, oil, and ... More


Resource Wars Reframed

Philippe Le Billon

in Wars of Plunder: Conflicts, Profits and the Politics of Resources

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333462
eISBN:
9780190235673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333462.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the main perspectives on resource wars, presenting key concepts and a brief historical overview. Dominated by socio-biological and geopolitical explanations of struggles over ... More


Economic Conditions Cue Evolutionary Challenges: When a Recession is More Than Just a Recession

Jeff Gassen and Sarah E Hill

in Socio-Economic Environment and Human Psychology: Social, Ecological, and Cultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190492908
eISBN:
9780190879853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492908.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Changes in economic markets play an important role in cuing developmental programs, cognitions, and social behaviors that would have helped promote survival and reproductive success during times of ... More


The contribution of cost-effectiveness analysis

Guy Harling and Lee Soderstrom

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Organizations worldwide are struggling to cope with the HIV pandemic. They are confronted by a scarcity of resources that is particularly acute in Africa and other developing countries. This chapter ... More


The Progressive Obligation to Realize the Right to Health

John Tobin

in The Right to Health in International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199603299
eISBN:
9780191731662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603299.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The progressive nature of a state's obligation with respect to economic and social rights continues to attract considerable attention. This chapter examines this concept in the context of the right ... More


Degradation and Cooperation on the High Seas: The Case of International Fisheries Management

J. Samuel Barkin

in Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014977
eISBN:
9780262295505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014977.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter focuses on international fisheries management. It provides illustrations to aid understanding of the concept of high seas resources and the cooperative involvement under their ... More


Ozone Depletion: International Cooperation over a Degraded Resource

Elizabeth R. DeSombre

in Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014977
eISBN:
9780262295505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014977.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The ozone layer is one of the most important natural resources and it plays a major role in environmental protection. This chapter discusses ozone layer depletion and also addresses the importance of ... More


The Social Origins of Political Power in Tamil Nadu: Towards Class–based Politics

Narayan Lakshman

in Patrons of the Poor: Caste Politics and Policymaking in India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069980
eISBN:
9780199081288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses in detail the question pertaining to policy priorities by presenting an analysis of the political settlement in each state within a historical context. It tries to pinpoint the ... More


Conflict and Cooperation in the Mediterranean: MAP from 1975 to Today

Gabriela Kütting

in Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014977
eISBN:
9780262295505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014977.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Resource scarcity and degradation in the Mediterranean region consists of many political and environmental challenges. The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) was implemented for Mediterranean states to ... More


Employment-Services Sectors under Resource Scarcity and Uncertainty

Ian Greer, Karen Breidahl, Matthias Knuth, and Flemming Larsen

in The Marketization of Employment Services: The Dilemmas of Europe's Work-first Welfare States

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198785446
eISBN:
9780191827365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785446.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

Providers of employment services are deeply affected by marketization, because it shapes the uncertainty and resource scarcity that they face. This chapter introduces these dynamics at the sector ... More


The Next Industrial Revolution

Salah M. El-Haggar

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins by discussing the first and second industrial revolutions. The first industrial revolution began in England in the period from 1750 to 1850. It yielded innovations such as ... More


Entropy Law, Sustainability, and Third Industrial Revolution

Ramprasad Sengupta

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190121143
eISBN:
9780190990510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190121143.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In mankind’s relentless quest for prosperity, Nature has suffered great damage. It has been treated as an inexhaustible reserve of resources. The indefinite scale of global expansion is still ... More


Employment Relations and Labor Process: Institutional Disorganization and Management Control with Graham Symon and Johannes Kirsch

Graham Symon and Johannes Kirsch

in The Marketization of Employment Services: The Dilemmas of Europe's Work-first Welfare States

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198785446
eISBN:
9780191827365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785446.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

The resource squeeze and uncertainty exacerbated by marketization can lead to disorganization trends in employment relations and tight management control in the labor process. This chapter presents ... More


Epilogue

Benjamin Heber Johnson

in Escaping the Dark, Gray City: Fear and Hope in Progressive-Era Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300115505
eISBN:
9780300227765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300115505.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This epilogue analyzes how environmental reform hardly ceased by the end of the 1910s. While the general expansion of the environmental state at the federal level paused with the eclipse of ... More


Weak Conflict Constraints and Strong Conflict Inducements: The “Transition War” Scenario

David P. Rapkin and William R. Thompson

in Transition Scenarios: China and the United States in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226040332
eISBN:
9780226040509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226040509.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

How might a transition war come about? The scenario in this chapter assumes continued U.S. relative decline, but no clear successor emerges because new technological innovation is dispersed. Climate ... More


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