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Adaptive Diversification Due to Resource Competition in Asexual Models

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on evolutionary branching in niche position due to frequency-dependent competition. When the majority phenotype of a population is competing for one type of resource, selection ... More


Biomass Overcompensation

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter investigates the necessary conditions for the biomass in particular size ranges of a population to increase in response to an increase in mortality, and how the overcompensation comes ... More


The Changing European State: Pressures from Within

Patrick Le Galés

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter deals with bottom up pressures on the state. It focuses on the challenges that cities and regions are posing to the nation state in Western Europe, rather than on the rise of ... More


Dynamics of Consumer-Resource Systems

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on consumer-resource dynamics in systems where consumers of different sizes compete for a shared resource. It considers the implications of three important aspects of consumer ... More


The fundamentals of competitive interactions

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Interspecific competition is a major factor influencing the structure of communities. This chapter examines the principles of interspecific completion, defined as a reduction in the population growth ... More


The Community of Ecological Opportunities

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines ecological opportunities that are available to species in various positions within a biological community, with particular emphasis on identifying the criteria necessary for an ... More


Why Character Displacement Occurs

David W. Pfennig and Karin S. Pfennig

in Evolution's Wedge: Competition and the Origins of Diversity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520274181
eISBN:
9780520954045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274181.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Resource competition is common in nature and is often strong. Additionally, heterospecifics frequently interact in ways that impede ability of each species to reproduce successfully. Both types of ... More


Resource conflict and the environment

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Resource conflict and environmental degradation are in reality two-sides of the same security challenge coin. Both address the issue of natural resource abundance and scarcity and how societies deal ... More


Era II—The Age of the Market 1

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the second era of resource use and nonuse—the Age of Market. As resource users consumed vast quantities of raw materials, they found that they increasingly had to compete among ... More


Era III—The Age of Property

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the third era of resource use and nonuse—the Age of Property. Competitive natural resource use, coupled with a rudimentary awareness of suboptimal consumption, ultimately led ... More


Making Minorities: The African American Embrace and Minority Linked Fate

Jennifer A. Jones

in The Browning of the New South

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226600840
eISBN:
9780226601038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226601038.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Chapter 5 considers intergroup relations between Mexicans and African Americans in Winston-Salem. Contrary to previous studies, this chapter shows that a sense of shared minority status coupled with ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan N. Markowitz

in Perils of Plenty: Arctic Resource Competition and the Return of the Great Game

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190078249
eISBN:
9780190078287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190078249.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 9 concludes with a discussion of the core findings and implications for the future of resource competition and territorial conflict. It demonstrates Rent-Addiction Theory’s generalizability ... More


Demographic consequences of the selective forces controlling density-dependent dispersal

François Rousset

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents the example of departure decisions as conditional on current local population size. This appears to be the scenario most actively investigated, partly because of its perceived ... More


A Voice in Politics

Nicole P. Marwell

in Bargaining for Brooklyn: Community Organizations in the Entrepreneurial City

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226509068
eISBN:
9780226509082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509082.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Urban politics largely focus on a competition for critical resources: along with affordable, quality housing, residents of poor urban neighborhoods need parks, clean streets, safety, quality ... More


Resource Competition, Mineral Scarcity, and Economic Statecraft

Sophia Kalantzakos

in China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Resources have been essential inputs in the world economy and at the epicenter of technological developments. There are different theories of resource scarcity, but uninterrupted access to resources ... More


Perils of Plenty: Arctic Resource Competition and the Return of the Great Game

Jonathan N. Markowitz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190078249
eISBN:
9780190078287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190078249.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Why do some states project military force to seek control of resources, while others do not? Conventional wisdom asserts that resource-scarce states have the strongest interest in securing control ... More


Introduction

Jonathan N. Markowitz

in Perils of Plenty: Arctic Resource Competition and the Return of the Great Game

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190078249
eISBN:
9780190078287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190078249.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 1 introduces the book’s core research question: why do some states have a stronger preference than others to project power to secure control over territory and resources as a source of rents ... More


Competitive exclusion

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The principle of competitive exclusion states that in a population of reproductive units regulated by a single common factor all varieties but the one whose growth rate is highest at the extremal ... More


A Theory of State Preferences and Resource Competition

Jonathan N. Markowitz

in Perils of Plenty: Arctic Resource Competition and the Return of the Great Game

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190078249
eISBN:
9780190078287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190078249.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 2 develops a theory of states’ foreign policy preferences. A state’s preference for territory depends on its economic structure and domestic political institutions. Economic structure ... More


China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Sophia Kalantzakos

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In 2010, because of a geopolitical incident between China and Japan, seventeen elements of the periodic table known as rare earths became notorious overnight. An “unofficial” and temporary embargo of ... More


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