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Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book covers the theory, practicalities, and the extensive applications of neutron powder diffraction in materials science, physics, chemistry, mineralogy, and engineering. Various highlight ... More


FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS IN ONE DIMENSION

George Em Karniadakis and Spencer J. Sherwin

in Spectral/hp Element Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528692
eISBN:
9780191713491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528692.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter discusses the fundamental concepts that are further developed in the remainder of the book, in the context of a one-dimensional formulation. In doing so, the principles and underlying ... More


Algorithmic Development

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter examines the phase error problem and also shows, via a dispersion analysis, that higher order methods can significantly improve phase accuracy. Once a solution is computed it is ... More


Diminishing Vertical Distance: Power and Social Status as Barriers to Intergroup Reconciliation

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that social emotions derived from power and perceived social status generate a skewed perception of the out-group, resulting in residual negative affect and the creation of a ... More


SOLUBLE GROUPS OF FINITE RANK

John C. Lennox and Derek J. S. Robinson

in The Theory of Infinite Soluble Groups

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507284
eISBN:
9780191709326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507284.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This chapter details the ranks of an abelian group. It also talks about the structure of soluble groups with finite rank, minimax groups, and residual finiteness.


THE THEORY OF FINITELY GENERATED SOLUBLE GROUPS II

John C. Lennox and Derek J. S. Robinson

in The Theory of Infinite Soluble Groups

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507284
eISBN:
9780191709326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507284.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This chapter discusses simple modules over polycyclic groups, the Jategaonkar-Roseblade theorem, the Artin-Rees property, and residual finiteness. It also talks about the Frattini subgroup.


Further Issues Arising from the Property Rights Approach

Oliver Hart

in Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Discusses further issues regarding the property rights approach. It is argued that control over non‐human assets leads to control over human assets, defining authority within the firm. The author ... More


Decomposition into Decision and Residual Latencies

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses simple reaction times, focusing on one of the main difficulties in these experiments: what one observes is not only the time spent carrying out the mental processes involved in ... More


Introduction to Regression Modeling Introduction to Regression Modeling

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

in Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter is a brief review of some major concepts of linear regression, presented in the context of simple examples using both dichotomous and continuous independent variables. The chapter ... More


Spatial Analysis and Modeling

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Data on plant diversity are inherently spatial. There are various spatial techniques available to map and model plant diversity, or the distributions of selected species at landscape scales. This ... More


Innovation and Growth: A Technical or Entrepreneurial Residual?

Pontus Braunerhjelm

in Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646685
eISBN:
9780191748998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646685.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Innovation is increasingly viewed as the key to elevate prosperity and secure sustainable long-run growth. The last decades have witnessed a refinement of previous growth models to include also ... More


Epilogue

Milan R Dimitrijevic, Byron A Kakulas, W. Barry McKay, and Gerta Vrbová

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter evaluates the significance of considering residual neural function at the subclinical level in clinical practice to enhance the control of movement after spinal cord injury. Existing ... More


Sanction Threats and Desistance from Criminality

KiDeuk Kim

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Punishment has long been seen as a social institution which is first and last a matter of morality and social solidarity (Garland, 1990). In exploring how an individual develops criminality over ... More


From the shell model to the compound nucleus

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter examines nuclear properties that are related to the presence of interactions residual to the mean field. The elementary features of random matrix theory are explained, and the Wigner ... More


Local Regression and Likelihood

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Local regression and likelihood methods are nonparametric approaches for fitting regression functions and probability distributions to data. This chapter discusses the basic ideas behind these ... More


Application of Weighted Residual Methods to Dynamic Economic Models

Ellen R. McGrattan

in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Many problems in economics require the solution to a functional equation as an intermediate step, and typically, decision functions are sought that satisfy a set of Euler conditions or a value ... More


The Judicial Role in the Definition and Implementation of the Completion Strategies of the International Criminal Tribunals

Fidelma Donlon

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the role played by the bench of the ad hoc Tribunals, and in particular the Office of the President, in developing and implementing a suitable procedural mechanism for the ... More


On the Time‐Series Approach to Econometric Model Building

David F. Hendry

in Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The ‘time‐series’ approach to econometrics is critically evaluated, and analytical test power response surfaces presented. Non‐stationarity, differencing and ‘error‐correction’ models (though not yet ... More


Serial Correlation as a Convenient Simplification, not a Nuisance: A Comment on a Study of the Demand for Money by the Bank of England

David F. Hendry and Grayham E. Mizon

in Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Sargan's COMFAC procedure for single equations (common factors in lag polynomials) is exposited. Four important conceptual clarifications arise. First, residual autocorrelation does not entail error ... More


Stress and elastic constants

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter highlights a different but significant application of neutron diffraction in the measurement of engineering strains. It begins by defining the stress and strain tensors, and their ... More


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