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‘An ambience of uneasiness’:: The residential care of children, 1834–1990

Ian Butler and Mark Drakeford

in Scandal, social policy and social welfare: 2nd, Rev. Ed

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347466
eISBN:
9781447303312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347466.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Sir William Utting, in his ‘special review’ of residential care for children, asked himself two very particular questions: ‘Is there any point in persevering with residential care?’ and ‘Can it be ... More


Inquiries and their impact

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The whole twentieth century can be presented as something of a dark age for residential child care. Indeed, the period from the turn of the twenty-first century has been represented as one of ... More


History

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines the ideas of earlier generations of practice, and outlines some of the twists and turns of policy, practice, and ideology that have contributed to how residential child care in ... More


Trends and policy directions

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

1997 witnessed a change of government from Conservative to New Labour. The new government quickly put children at the top of its policy agenda. For children in care, this signalled a shift in ... More


Residential child care in a continuum of care

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Awareness of theories of attachment and of the central importance of families in children's lives has brought about a reappraisal of the role of the family in work with children in care. Similarly, ... More


Theorising residential child care

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines some of the theories and approaches that have been applied to residential child care in Britain over the years and in different practice settings. A lack of appropriate ... More


Assessment, care planning and programming

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter considers the key stages in a child's stay in residential care: assessment, care planning, and programming. The Children who wait report identified a situation whereby children stayed in ... More


Care ethics and physical restraint in residential childcare

Laura Steckley

in Ethics of Care: Critical advances in international perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447316510
eISBN:
9781447316534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447316510.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Physical restraint in residential child care is an ethically fraught area of practice. There is, however, scant analysis of its use from an explicitly ethical perspective. This chapter explores ... More


The residential environment

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Psychodynamic perspectives always recognised the inherent complexity of residential child care, a complexity that needed to be understood and appropriately negotiated. Managerial regimes have sought ... More


Other traditions of practice

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The United Kingdom is unusual in locating residential child care professionally within social work. In most European countries, social pedagogy is the discipline underpinning work with children and ... More


Conclusion: rethinking residential child care

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This book has painted an ambivalent picture of residential child care in the United Kingdom. There are many pockets of good practice, and even in the worst situations there are individual carers who ... More


The context of care

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Residential child care in Britain exists within particular historical, cultural, political, and professional contexts. An understanding of these wider macro-systemic influences is vital to any ... More


Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Mark Smith

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Residential child care is a crucial, though relatively neglected, area of social work. And yet, revelations of abuse and questions of effectiveness have led to increasingly regulatory and procedural ... More


Working at the boundaries: the personal–professional relationship

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The personal–professional relationship is fundamental to working with children, but it is also nuanced, duplicitous, and ambiguous. There is a need to embrace this complexity and ensure proper ... More


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