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Central Bank Rate as an Instrument of Monetary Control

J. C. R. Dow and I. D. Saville

in A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283195
eISBN:
9780191596186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283199.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The use of bank rates acting as a source of control is the focus of this chapter. It examines the imposition of the Minimum Lending Rate in 1972. The role of the central bank in setting rates and ... More


Capital Flows and Policy Responses in South Africa in the 1990s

Brian Kahn

in Short-Term Capital Flows and Economic Crises

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296867
eISBN:
9780191685286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296867.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

After it successfully shifted to democracy, the reintegration of South Africa into the global markets in 1994 ensued about ten years of restricted access to capital markets and international money. ... More


Islamic Banks’ Financing Behaviour: A Pilot Study

Mohd Afandi Abu Bakar, Radiah Abdul Kader, and Roza Hazli Zakaria

in Islamic Banking and Financial Crisis: Reputation, Stability and Risks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748647613
eISBN:
9780748695133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647613.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the cyclical behaviour of financing activities by Islamic banks as well as the cyclicality behaviour of fixed-rate financing. More specifically, it investigates the impact of ... More


India's Monetary Policy Accommodation During the Global Crisis—Was It Effective?

Bruno Carrasco and Hiranya Mukhopadhyay

in Dimensions of Economic Theory and Policy: Essays for Anjan Mukherji

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073970
eISBN:
9780199081615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073970.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The first global financial crisis of the twenty-first century originated in the United States and spread around the world in September 2008. Like most other emerging economies, India also experienced ... More


Competitive Banking I: Corporate Banking with a Central Bank

Thomas Quint and Martin Shubik

in Barley, Gold, or Fiat: Toward a Pure Theory of Money

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300188158
eISBN:
9780300199222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188158.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Competitive private banking is modeled in the presence of a central bank. We open with a discussion of questions our simple constructs can answer, noting why in our models the competitive banks’ ... More


Plantations, Mines, Banking

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074175
eISBN:
9780199082148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

Similar to large-scale industry, plantations, mines, and banking and insurance in India used relatively new forms of organization, were more or less global, and had to adapt in varying degrees to ... More


The Fed’s Organization For Policy

Stephen H. Axilrod

in The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter provides an overview of the Fed's policy structure. It addresses the following questions: Where does responsibility for monetary policy decisions reside in the Fed? What does the Federal ... More


The Triumph of Boring Banking

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Goldsmith banks achieved stability after the South Sea Bubble and grew without major problems for most of the eighteenth century. This chapter follows the growth of five goldsmith banks whose records ... More


Federal Reserve Support of the Treasury Market during World War I

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter discusses Federal Reserve support of the Treasury market during World War I, which was founded on two statutory credit facilities: the original power of the Reserve Banks to discount, or ... More


Accessible Mobile Banking in India

Raja Kushalnagar

in Accessible Technology and the Developing World

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780198846413
eISBN:
9780191881572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846413.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction, Systems Analysis and Design

Banking services have been far more limited in Global South countries than in Global North countries due to resource-constrained infrastructure and inadequate investment and economic incentives in ... More


World War and Globalization

Simon James Bytheway and Mark Metzler

in Central Banks and Gold: How Tokyo, London, and New York Shaped the Modern World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704949
eISBN:
9781501705953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704949.003.0003
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter examines how central bank cooperation became a multilateral enterprise during the opening weeks of the First World War. It was the Bank of England that took the initiative to establish a ... More


Money Creation and Market Failure

Morgan Ricks

in The Money Problem: Rethinking Financial Regulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330327
eISBN:
9780226330464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330464.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the issuers of monetary instruments. The goal here is to shed light on the business model of money creation, which for our purposes is synonymous with “banking” (or shadow ... More


Chapter Two Money Creation and Market Failure

Morgan Ricks

in The Money Problem: Rethinking Financial Regulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330327
eISBN:
9780226330464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330464.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the issuers of monetary instruments. The goal here is to shed light on the business model of money creation, which for our purposes is synonymous with “banking” (or shadow ... More


The 18th century architecture of modern money

Christine Desan

in Making Money: Coin, Currency, and the Coming of Capitalism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709572
eISBN:
9780191779800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709572.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

During the 18th century, the English erected the basic structure of modern money. Beginning with the Great Recoinage, the government committed itself to guarantee coin of a certain metal content. The ... More


Why Fed Power Matters

Lawrence R. Jacobs and Desmond King

in Fed Power: How Finance Wins

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780197573129
eISBN:
9780197573167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197573129.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 1 introduces the unrivaled political and economic power of America’s Central Bank, the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Bank is a mutant institution of government. It has enjoyed ... More


Understanding Interest Rates and the Economy

Alan N. Rechtschaffen

in Capital Markets, Derivatives, and the Law: Positivity and Preparation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190879631
eISBN:
9780190879662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190879631.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Reserve Banking System. The Federal Reserve System was created by Congress under the Federal Reserve Act “to provide for ... More


A Family of Substance: The Early Years

Robert P. Bremner

in Chairman of the Fed: William McChesney Martin Jr., and the Creation of the Modern American Financial System

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300105087
eISBN:
9780300127799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300105087.003.0002
Subject:
History, Economic History

William McChesney Martin Jr., who served as chairman of the Federal Reserve System from 1951 to 1970, is the son of Rebecca Woods and William McChesney Martin Sr. The elder Martin's father, Thomas L. ... More


Monetary Downturn Compounds Trade Woes: May–June 1982

John Greenwood

in Hong Kong's Link to the US Dollar: Origins and Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098909
eISBN:
9789882207004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098909.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The global recession in 1980–82 led to a sharp downturn in Hong Kong's external trade. Together with the delayed adjustments in Hong Kong Association of Banks (HKAB) interest rates, these conditions ... More


The Limits of Risk Constraints

Morgan Ricks

in The Money Problem: Rethinking Financial Regulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330327
eISBN:
9780226330464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330464.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter evaluates the usage of regulatory risk constraints as an antidote to banking panics. In particular, it considers two forms of substantive risk constraint that are widely used in ... More


Chapter Six The Limits of Risk Constraints

Morgan Ricks

in The Money Problem: Rethinking Financial Regulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330327
eISBN:
9780226330464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330464.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter evaluates the usage of regulatory risk constraints as an antidote to banking panics. In particular, it considers two forms of substantive risk constraint that are widely used in ... More


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