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Research Design as Political Strategy:: The Birth of the New Antimalaria Drug Changshan

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 9 focuses on the discovery of an anti-malarial drug from the Chinese herb changshan (Dichroa root) in the 1940s. While this research was celebrated as the second most important achievement ... More


Ethical issues

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

in Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The overriding ethical principle in human research is that the rights of individual subjects should take precedence over the expected benefits to human knowledge or the community. This principle does ... More


Arbitrary and Capricious Decisions

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Much evidence suggests that IRBs make decisions badly. For example, when multiple IRBs review the same research protocols, they treat them inconsistently. The IRB system makes error inevitable. ... More


Engaging Employers as Stakeholders

Linda Barrington

in Disability and Employer Practices: Research across the Disciplines

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700583
eISBN:
9781501703454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700583.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter outlines the premise of this book as a whole, and presents methods for directly involving employers in the research process. It reviews the characteristics of employers that should be ... More


Seeking Truth from Facts

Priscilla Song

in Biomedical Odysseys: Fetal Cell Experiments from Cyberspace to China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174778
eISBN:
9781400885282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174778.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on how Dr. Huang and his staff have contested international biomedical research protocols and devised new methods to assess the effectiveness of their experimental human ... More


Occupational epidemiology

Neil Pearce

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

The study design options in occupational epidemiology are the same as for other fields of epidemiology, but the emphases given to specific study designs, and the methodological issues involved, may ... More


Empirical Design: Methodology and Subjects

Albert Rothenberg

in Flight from Wonder: An Investigation of Scientific Creativity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199988792
eISBN:
9780190214159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988792.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The research interview methodology is described, and the semistructured research interview protocol is explained. The phases of the interview are detailed: establishing a focus and alliance, ... More


Ethical Challenges in the Development and Deployment of Medical Therapies and Vaccines in the Context of Public Health Emergencies

Annick Antierens

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 12, Annick Antierens provides an extensive account of how medical therapies and candidate vaccines were developed for Ebola virus disease, the financial and governmental partnerships that ... More


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