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ESPRIT: Europe's Response to US and Japanese Domination in Information Technology

Dimitris Assimakopoulos, Rebecca Marschan-Piekkari, and Stuart Macdonald

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Established in 1983, the European Strategic Program for Research in Information Technologies (ESPRIT) is the oldest of the European Commission's research and technology development (RTD) programmes. ... More


Not Your Father's University

David B. Audretsch

in Entrepreneurial Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183504
eISBN:
9780199783885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183504.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The view regarding the role of universities has changed dramatically in the entrepreneurial society. There are several reasons for the emergence of the university as an engine of economic growth. The ... More


Best Practice in Truancy Prevention: Tier 1 School-wide Universal Interventions

Lynn Bye, Michelle E. Alvarez, Janet Haynes, and Cindy E. Sweigart

in Truancy Prevention and Intervention: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398496
eISBN:
9780199777402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398496.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter reviews resources for identifying research-based programs that address truancy prevention, criteria to consider when selecting a program, readiness for program implementation, and offers ... More


Research in education 1

Cees van der Vleuten, Diana Dolmans, and Jeroen van Merriënboer

in Lessons from Problem-based Learning

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583447
eISBN:
9780191594519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583447.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

From the time of the foundation of Maastricht University in 1974, educational innovation has been explicitly incorporated in its mission statement. In 1982 the education research programme was ... More


The Methodology of Scientific Research

DAVID PAPINEAU

in Theory and Meaning

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter turns away from meanings and considers Lakatos's ‘methodology of scientific research programmes’. After making various criticisms and corrections, it is argued that the resulting ... More


The Mosaic Unity of Neuroscience

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter uses the view of multilevel mechanistic explanation developed in the preceding chapters to construct a model of the mosaic unity of neuroscience. To develop the mosaic model, a ... More


Human Subjects

Dean O. Smith

in Managing the Research University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793259
eISBN:
9780199896813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

In most developed countries, current standards for the responsible conduct of research with human subjects derive from the Nuremberg Code. It has been amplified in the Belmont Report, which is the ... More


Introduction

Michael C. Rea

in World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces several of the concepts and assumptions that will occupy center stage in the book's main argument. In particular, introduces the notion of a research programme, and provides ... More


The Scientific Fishery: Sampling, Dissecting, and Drawing in the Gulf of Naples

Katharina Steiner

in Why Study Biology by the Sea?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226672762
eISBN:
9780226673097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226673097.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This article introduces the Naples Zoological Station’s research program. It offers a new perspective on the Station’s practices of knowledge production, spanning laboratory and field. Against the ... More


Introduction: The Significance of Paul A. Samuelson in the Twenty-First Century

Michael Szenberg, Lall Ramrattan, Aron A. Gottesman, and Kenneth J. Arrow

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This introductory chapter looks at the various ways in which Paul Samuelson was appraised by the contributors. The features that stand out bear close correspondence with scientific, mathematical ... More


Conceptual difficulties: setting up the Research Programme

John Welshman

in From transmitted deprivation to social exclusion: Policy, poverty, and parenting

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348357
eISBN:
9781447302384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348357.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores the establishment of the Joint Working Party, including the DHSS and SSRC personnel. It surveys the setting up of the Research Programme, from the first discussions between the ... More


The final years of the Research Programme

John Welshman

in From transmitted deprivation to social exclusion: Policy, poverty, and parenting

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348357
eISBN:
9781447302384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348357.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter surveys the final years of the Research Programme, from the publication of the Third Report of the Joint Working Party, to the appearance of the first books in the Heinemann series in ... More


Analogies in Mathematics

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is devoted to the special class of mathematical analogies. Following Poincaré, it is argued that analogical arguments in mathematics provide clear support for a link between good ... More


Naturalism Characterized

Michael C. Rea

in World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that characterizing naturalism as a view rather than a research programme and inevitably portrays naturalism either as a self‐defeating thesis or as a view commitment to which would be ... More


From a cycle of deprivation to cycles of disadvantage

John Welshman

in From transmitted deprivation to social exclusion: Policy, poverty, and parenting

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348357
eISBN:
9781447302384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348357.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter traces early attempts to commission research, some of the applications that were received, and reports by referees. It looks in particular at the efforts that were made to correct the ... More


Two Methods in Search of Revolution: Trotsky versus Skocpol

Michael Burawoy

in The Extended Case Method: Four Countries, Four Decades, Four Great Transformations, and One Theoretical Tradition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259003
eISBN:
9780520943384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259003.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Sociology has founded its scientific credentials on imitating the method of the physical sciences as understood by philosophers. Regulative principles such as Mill's “canons of induction,” Hempel's ... More


Francis O. Schmitt: At the Intersection of Neuroscience and Squid

Kathryn Maxson Jones

in Why Study Biology by the Sea?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226672762
eISBN:
9780226673097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226673097.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the career of neuroscientist Francis O. Schmitt (1903-1995): how his experimental research relied on marine organisms and marine laboratories, and more generally how this ... More


Integrating Experimental Research with the Needs of Natural-Resource and Land Managers: Case Studies from Australia and New Zealand

John C. Rodger

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the application of a variety of laboratory and field disciplines of experimental research to the conservation of endangered marsupials and the management of marsupial pest ... More


The Brown Superfund Research Program: A Multistakeholder Partnership Addresses Problems in Contaminated Communities

Laura Senier, Benjamin Hudson, Sarah Fort, Elizabeth Hoover, Rebecca Tillson, and Phil Brown

in Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520270206
eISBN:
9780520950429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270206.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses a case study of the Brown University Superfund Research Program, in which academic researchers and state agency personnel collaborated with community activists in developing ... More


Postwar Boom

Antonio M. Gotto and Jennifer Moon

in Weill Cornell Medicine: A History of Cornell's Medical School

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702136
eISBN:
9781501703676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702136.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter shows how the end of military hostilities led to an economic boom and renewed prosperity throughout the country. Postwar economic growth triggered an exponential increase in federal ... More


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